Finnish parliamentary election, 1999

Finnish parliamentary election, 1999

21 March 1999

All 200 seats to the Parliament
101 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 65.3%

  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Paavo Lipponen Esko Aho Sauli Niinistö
Party Social Democratic Centre National Coalition
Leader since 1993 1990 1994
Last election 63 seats, 28.3% 44 seats, 19.9% 39 seats, 17.9%
Seats won 51 48 46
Seat change 12 4 7
Popular vote 612,963 600,592 563,835
Percentage 22.9% 22.4% 21.0%
Swing 5.4% 2.6% 3.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Suvi-Anne Siimes Satu Hassi Jan-Erik Enestam
Party Left Alliance Green League Swedish People's
Leader since 1998 1997 1998
Last election 22 seats, 11.2% 9 seats, 6.5% 11 seats, 5.1%
Seats won 20 11 11
Seat change 2 2 0
Popular vote 291,675 194,846 137,330
Percentage 10.9% 7.3% 5.1%
Swing 0.3% 0.8% 0.0%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
Leader Bjarne Kallis Risto Kuisma Timo Soini
Party Christian League Reform Finns
Leader since 1995 1998 1997
Last election 7 seats, 3.0% new party 1 seat, 1.3% (SMP)
Seats won 10 1 1
Seat change 3 1 0
Popular vote 111,835 28,549 26 440
Percentage 4.2% 1.1% 1.0%
Swing 1.1% 1.1% 0.3%

Prime Minister before election

Paavo Lipponen
Social Democratic

Prime Minister

Paavo Lipponen
Social Democratic

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 21 March 1999.[1] Despite suffering significant losses, the Social Democratic Party (SDP) remained the largest party of the Eduskunta and Paavo Lipponen remained Prime Minister.

Background

Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen's five-party "rainbow government" consisting of the SDP, National Coalition Party, Left Alliance, Swedish People's Party and the Green League had been in power since April 1995. It had managed to keep Finland's economy growing, to reduce the state's budget deficit and to create jobs, although it had failed to halve the unemployment rate: in 1995, the unemployment had been 15.4% and in 1999, it still stood at 10.2%. This was, as the governing parties pointed out, still a better record than the previous centre-right government's performance; during its term between 1991 and 1995, the unemployment had risen from 6.6% to 15.4%.

Campaign

The largest opposition party, the Centre Party, tried to become the largest party overall, and to re-join the government. They called for labour reform, which they claimed would make it easier for employers to hire new employees and for small enterprises to operate. Finland's largest labour unions rejected the proposed work reform, claiming that it would reduce the employees' job security and would excessively increase the employers' power. The Centrists also accused the government of not improving the Finnish economy enough, and of not slowing down sufficiently the large internal migration of Finns from the rural towns and small cities to the large economic growth centres, like the Helsinki and Tampere regions.

Several parties hired as their candidates previously non-political or only locally politically active celebrities, such as Leena Harkimo, the manager of Helsinki's ice hockey team Jokerit, Lasse Virén, a former long-distance running Olympic champion, and Anni Sinnemäki, the songwriter of pop music group Ultra Bra. Some of these celebrities got elected. After the elections, Prime Minister Lipponen formed a new government of the same five parties. Only one of those parties left the government during the parliamentary term 1999-2003: the Greens moved into the opposition in May 2002, when the Parliament approved the construction of Finland's fifth nuclear power plant.[2][3]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party612,96322.951–12
Centre Party600,59222.448+4
National Coalition Party563,83521.046+7
Left Alliance291,67510.920–2
Green League194,8467.311+2
Swedish People's Party137,3305.1110
Finnish Christian League111,8354.210+3
Reform Group28,5491.11New
Young Finns28,0841.00–2
Finns Party26,4401.01New
Communist Party of Finland20,4420.80New
Ecological Party the Greens10,3780.40–1
Alliance for Free Finland10,1040.400
Åland Coalition5,8700.210
Pensioners for People5,4510.200
Liberal People's Party5,1940.000
Pensioners' Party4,4810.200
Natural Law Party3,9030.100
Communist Workers' Party – For Peace and Socialism3,4550.100
Others15,8640.60
Invalid/blank votes28,804
Total2,710,0951002000
Registered voters/turnout4,152,43065.3
Source: Tilastokeskus[4]
Popular vote
SDP
22.86%
KESK
22.40%
KOK
21.03%
VAS
10.88%
VIHR
7.27%
RKP
5.12%
SKL
4.17%
REM
1.06%
NUOR
1.05%
PS
0.99%
Others
3.18%
Parliament seats
SDP
25.50%
KESK
24.00%
KOK
23.00%
VAS
10.00%
VIHR
5.50%
RKP
5.50%
SKL
5.00%
REM
1.00%
PS
0.50%
Others
0.50%

By Provinece

Province Social Democratic Party Centre Party National Coalition Party Left Alliance Green League Swedish People's Party Christian League Reform Group Young Finns True Finns Communist Electorate Votes Valid votes Invalid votes
Southern Savonia26,02930,23114,7782,2844,19505,1375380578168132,33585,64184,8031,019
Northern Savonia24,88945,22620,32317,7315,86105,7495717473,4671,140198,391127,436126,6111,143
Northern Karelia32,46726,7269,9234,4573,72405,5793082,1621,392688133,38988,82588,243790
Kainuu4,01020,5934,51512,1501,192091945020133258370,68446,60046,201532
Uusimaa150,58555,513183,70058,35491,81960,28117,90312,34215,9091,2583,831962,873666,338663,8137,536
Eastern Uusimaa10,8794,8886,5892,3372,74813,8558711,67233513822366,33645,47945,170527
Southwest Finland54,98839,61663,75327,93918,17811,8815,4211,0101,8085871,640344,072236,766235,2032,465
Tavastia Proper24,86616,31020,8036,7705,80808,514556487162571127,72887,77686,7831,184
Päijänne Tavastia26,37415,56927,4819,4005,933366,9231,027313679591153,10897,46396,6561,134
Kymenlaakso34,44819,21924,9318,3115,45605,0495840178657149,27199,97899,4121,068
South Karelia22,17219,43317,4152,4693,75104,1754030465572108,57671,95871,337849
Central Finland33,74441,45920,22316,8167,11624710,8758491,7683001,082202,050136,420135,4551,461
Southern Ostrobothnia15,04152,12821,7113,8211,9441924,06357408,402272150,517110,174109,683807
Ostrobothnia15,0519,7418,8096,2302,36947,3344,69424101,371334131,97996,95296,955781
Satakunta36,72230,58727,94320,4154,044106,0848233852478188,315130,669129,5181,476
Pirkanmaa55,56936,27856,91836,80016,123010,8172,0733,1171,3852,927343,944236,491234,8232,487
Central Ostrobothnia6,09016,0323,2881,8227443,2084,62883901,70114453,39939,08038,906376
Northern Ostrobothnia25,16476,61120,37625,47611,99403,1193,0531,2342,6354,136263,201178,469177,4981,898
Lapland 13,87544,43210,35628,0931,8472861,3156360558405148,965103,754103,7491,122
Åland Islands0000000000019,13210,46510,472149
Source: European Election Database

References

  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Hannakatri Hollmén et al (2000) What Where When 2000 - The Citizen's Yearbook, Otava, pp208–211, 240–241
  3. Jukka Hartikainen et al (2002) What Where When 2003 - The Citizen's Yearbook, Otava, pp15–116
  4. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 Tilastokeskus 2004
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