Finnish parliamentary election, 1951
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politics and government of
Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 1 and 2 July 1951.
Kekkonen had governed first with the Swedish People's Party and National Progressive Party, but in January 1951 the Social Democratic Party had joined his government. The rationing of goods was ending gradually and the war reparation payments to the Soviet Union were to be completed by 1952. Prime Minister Kekkonen sought to reduce inflation by persuading the employers' organizations and labour unions to refrain from wage increases for the time being. In May 1951, these organizations agreed not to raise wages or prices for five months. During this "castle peace" or civic peace, the Social Democrats took most leadership positions in the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions.
The communist Finnish People's Democratic League benefited from the fact that the Social Democrats had agreed to govern with the Agrarians, and had thus "betrayed" (according to some Communists' campaign rhetoric) their fellow left-wingers. The economy's and inflation rate's stabilization possibly hurt the low-income workers (a likely constituency of the Communists) more than the white-collar workers or the businessmen, and this could partly explain the Communists' gain of five deputies. The People's Party of Finland had been formed as the Progressives' successor, and this fresh start can have contributed to its five-seat gain. After the elections, Kekkonen continued to serve as Prime Minister, forming his third government in September 1951. He introduced a new economic stabilization programme, which tied the prices and wages to an automatic full compensation.
|Social Democratic Party||480,754||26.5||53||–1|
|Finnish People's Democratic League||391,134||21.6||43||+5|
|National Coalition Party||264,044||14.6||28||–5|
|Swedish People's Party||131,719||7.3||14||+1|
|People's Party of Finland||102,933||5.7||10||+5|
|Small Farmers Party||4,964||0.3||0||0|
|Radical People's Party||4,486||0.2||0||0|
|Liberal Swedish Party||1,195||0.1||0||New|
|Finnish People's Party||243||0.0||0||New|
|Source: Tilastokeskus 2004, Suomen virallinen tilasto|
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Seppo Zetterberg et al., eds. (2003) A Small Giant of the Finnish History WSOY, pp803-808
- File "595. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 (Tilastokeskus 2004)
- Suomen virallinen tilasto 29 A, Kansanedustajain vaalit, XXII(?).