Fellowship (medicine)

A Fellowship is the period of medical training, in the United States and Canada, that a physician or dentist may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency). During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a Fellow. Fellows are capable of acting as an Attending Physician or a Consultant Physician in the generalist field in which they were trained, such as Internal Medicine or Pediatrics. After completing a Fellowship in the relevant sub-specialty, the Physician is permitted to practice without direct supervision by other physicians in that sub-specialty, such as Cardiology or Oncology.

United States

In the USA, the majority of fellowships are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ("ACGME"). There are a few programs that are not accredited, yet are actually well received, given the importance of being a Board Certified Physician in a primary specialty, where a Fellowship is often more based on research productivity.[1]

ACGME Fellowships

The following are organized based on specialty required for the fellowship.

Internal Medicine or Pediatrics

General Surgery


  • Complex General Surgical Oncology
  • Hand Surgery
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Surgery Critical Care
  • Vascular Surgery
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery
  • Abdominal Transplant Surgery


[3] [4]

  • Gynecologic Oncology
  • Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery1
  • Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology1

1 Not officially recognized as a subspecialty by the American Board of Obstetrics/Gynecology or the American College of Obstetrics/Gynecologists.


  • Cornea
  • Glaucoma
  • Medical retina
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery
  • Oncology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatric
  • Refractive
  • Uveitis
  • Vitreoretinal surgery


  • Pediatric
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery


  • Hand
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Spine
  • Foot and Ankle
  • Joint replacement
  • Trauma
  • Oncology[5]


Combined fellowships

There are a number of programs offering a combined fellowship, training in two or more sub-specialties as part of a single program.

  • Pulmonary/Critical Care: this type of program is more common than Pulmonary Disease (non-combination) programs. As of 2007, there were 130 ACGME-accredited combined Pulmonary/Critical Care programs while only 25 programs for Pulmonary Disease alone.
  • Hematology/Oncology: as of 2005, there were 125 ACGME-accredited programs for Hematology-Oncology, while only 12 programs for Hematology alone and 18 for Oncology alone.
  • Geriatrics/Oncology: the American Board of Internal Medicine approved a 3-year combined fellowship training program in medical oncology and geriatrics. The John A. Hartford Foundation initially funded 10 institutions for this type of training.

Fellowship of RCPS(UK)

After achieving the membership degree, three to ten year is required to get a fellowship from the following Royal College of Physicians.

Fellowship of the college of Physician (CPSA), South Africa

FCPSA is offered by the College of Medicine of South Africa (CMSA)

See also


  1. "Residencies & Fellowships - Graduate Medical Education - Stanford University School of Medicine". med.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  2. "Surgery". www.acgme.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  3. "Obstetrics / Gynecology Match - The Match, National Resident Matching Program". The Match, National Resident Matching Program. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  4. "Obstetrics and Gynecology". www.acgme.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  5. "What are the surgical specialties?". American College of Surgeons. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
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