Federation of Nigeria

Federation of Nigeria
Motto: "Unity and Faith"
Capital Lagos
Common languages English
Hausa · Igbo · Yoruba
Government Constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
Sir James Wilson Robertson
Nnamdi Azikiwe
Prime Minister  
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
Legislature Parliament[1]
 Upper house
 Lower house
House of Representatives
Historical era Cold War
1 October 1960
1 October 1963
923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
Currency Nigerian pound
ISO 3166 code NG
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria

The Federation of Nigeria was a predecessor to modern-day Nigeria. It existed between 1 October 1960 and 1 October 1963.

When British rule ended in 1960, the Nigeria Independence Act 1960[2] transformed the Federation of Nigeria into an independent sovereign state. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as the Queen of Nigeria as well as Queen of the United Kingdom and other independent states. Her constitutional roles in Nigeria were delegated to the Governor-General of Nigeria. Two people held the office of governor-general:

  1. Sir James Wilson Robertson October 1960 - 16 November 1960
  2. Nnamdi Azikiwe 16 November 1960 – 1 October 1963

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa held office as prime minister (and head of government).

The Federal Republic of Nigeria came into existence on 1 October 1963.[3] The monarchy was abolished and Nigeria became a republic within the Commonwealth. Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Nnamdi Azikiwe became President of Nigeria.

Elizabeth II did not visit the Federation of Nigeria between 1960 and 1963. She did visit:

  • 1956 (28 January–16 February)
  • 2003 (3–6 December)

See also


  1. "The Constitution of the Federation of Nigeria (1960)" (PDF). Worldstatemen.org. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  2. Nigeria Independence Act 1960, 8 & 9 Eliz. 2 c.55
  3. Nigeria Republic Act 1963, c. 57
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