Faroese orthography is the method employed to write the Faroese language, using a 29-letter Latin alphabet.
|Majuscule forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)|
|Minuscule forms (also called lowercase or small letters)|
- Eth ⟨ð⟩ (Faroese edd) never appears at the beginning of a word, which means its majuscule form, ⟨Ð⟩ rarely occurs except in situations where all-capital letters are used, such as on maps.
- ⟨Ø⟩ can also be written ⟨ö⟩ in poetic language, such as Föroyar ('the Faroes'). This has to do with different orthographic traditions (Norwegian-Danish for ⟨ø⟩ and Swedish-Icelandic for ⟨ö⟩. Originally, both forms were used, depending on the historical form of the word; ⟨ø⟩ was used when the vowel resulted from I-mutation of ⟨o⟩ while ⟨ö⟩ was used when the vowel resulted from U-mutation of ⟨a⟩. In handwriting, ⟨ő⟩ is sometimes used.
- While ⟨c⟩, ⟨q⟩, ⟨w⟩, ⟨x⟩, and ⟨z⟩ are not found in the Faroese language, ⟨x⟩ was known in earlier versions of Hammershaimb's orthography, such as ⟨Saxun⟩ for Saksun.
- While the Faroese keyboard layout allows one to write in Latin, English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, etc., the Old Norse and Modern Icelandic letter ⟨þ⟩ is missing. In related Faroese words, it is written as either ⟨t⟩ or ⟨h⟩. If an Icelandic name has to be transcribed, ⟨th⟩ is common.
|A, a||fyrra a [ˈfɪɹːa ɛaː] ("leading a")||/a/||/ɛaː/|
|Á, á||á [ɔaː]||/ɔ/||/ɔaː/|
|E, e||e [eː]||/ɛ/||/eː/|
|I, i||fyrra i [ˈfɪɹːa iː] ("leading i")||/ɪ/||/iː/|
|Í, í||fyrra í [ˈfɪɹːa ʊiː] ("leading í")||/ʊi/||/ʊiː/|
|O, o||o [oː]||/ɔ/||/oː/|
|Ó, ó||ó [ɔuː]||/œ/||/ɔuː/|
|U, u||u [uː]||/ʊ/||/uː/|
|Ú, ú||ú [ʉuː]||/ʏ/||/ʉuː/|
|Y, y||seinna i [ˈsaiːdna iː] ("latter i")||/ɪ/||/iː/|
|Ý, ý||seinna í [ˈsaiːdna ʊiː] ("latter í")||/ʊi/||/ʊiː/|
|Æ, æ||seinna a [ˈsaiːdna ɛaː] ("latter a")||/a/||/ɛaː/|
|Ø, ø||ø [øː]||/œ/||/øː/|
|EI, ei||ei [aiː]||/ai/||/aiː/|
|EY, ey||ey [eɪː]||/ɛɪ/||/ɛiː/|
|OY, oy||oy [oɪː]||/ɔi/||/ɔiː/|
|Ð, ð||edd||/j/, /w/, /v/, Ø|
|G, g||ge||/k/, /tʃ/, /j/, /w/, /v/, Ø|
|K, k||ká||/kʰ/, /tʃʰ/|
|L, l||ell||/l/, [l], [ɬ]|
|>ll||/tl/ [tɬ], /lː/|
|>ng||/nk/ [ŋk], /ntʃ/ [ɲtʃ]|
|>nk||/nkʰ/ [ŋkʰ], /ntʃʰ/ [ɲtʃʰ]|
|R, r||err||/ɹ/ [ɹ], [ɻ]|
|S, s||ess||/s/, /ʃ/|
|V, v||ve||/v/ [v], [ʋ], [f]|
- vowel + ð + vowel
- vowel + g + vowel
- vowel + vowel
Typically, the first vowel is long and in words with two syllables always stressed, while the second vowel is short and unstressed. In Faroese, short and unstressed vowels can only be /a/, /i/, /u/.
The value of the glide is determined by the surrounding vowels:
- "I-surrounding, type 1" – after ⟨i, y, í, ý, ei, ey, oy⟩: bíða [ˈbʊija] (to wait), deyður [ˈdɛijʊɹ] (dead), seyður [ˈsɛijʊɹ] (sheep)
- "I-surrounding, type 2" – between any vowel (except "u-vowels" ⟨ó, u, ú⟩) and ⟨i⟩: kvæði [ˈkvɛajɛ] (ballad), øði [ˈøːjɛ] (rage).
- [w] "U-surrounding, type 1" – after ⟨ó, u, ú⟩: Óðin [ˈɔʊwɪn] (Odin), góðan morgun! [ˌɡɔʊwan ˈmɔɹɡʊn] (good morning!), suður [ˈsuːwʊɹ] (south), slóða [ˈslɔʊwa] (to make a trace).
- "U-surrounding, type 2" – between ⟨a, á, e, æ, ø⟩ and ⟨u⟩: áður [ˈɔavʊɹ] (before), leður [ˈleːvʊɹ] (leather), í klæðum [ʊɪˈklɛavʊn] (in clothes), í bløðum [ʊɪˈbløːvʊn] (in newspapers).
- "A-surrounding, type 2"
- These are exceptions (there is also a regular pronunciation): æða [ˈɛava] (eider-duck).
- The past participles always have [j]: elskaðar [ˈɛlskajaɹ] (beloved, nom., acc. fem. pl.)
- "A-surrounding, type 1" – between ⟨a, á, e, o⟩ and ⟨a⟩ and in some words between ⟨æ, ø⟩ and ⟨a⟩: ráða [ˈɹɔːa] (to advise), gleða [ˈɡ̊leːa] (to gladden, please), boða [ˈboːa] (to forebode), kvøða [ˈkvøːa] (to chant), røða [ˈɹøːa] (to make a speech)