Ez Zeraf Game Reserve

Ez Zeraf Game Reserve
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
Nearest city Malakal
Coordinates 8°48′N 30°30′E / 8.8°N 30.5°E / 8.8; 30.5Coordinates: 8°48′N 30°30′E / 8.8°N 30.5°E / 8.8; 30.5

Ez Zeraf Game Reserve is a 675,000-hectare (1,670,000-acre) protected area in northern South Sudan. It was designated in 1939 when the area was within Sudan.

Located within the Sudd Ramsar site, Ez Zeraf is a IUCN Category VI site with mostly seasonally flooded grassland and woodland landscape.[1] It is internationally important for its large mammal concentrations.[2] It was gazetted in 1939 along with Fanikang Game Reserve to protect Nile Lechwe and Sitatunga.[3][4] It is also home to Hippopotamus.[1]

A large portion of the reserve's area is on Zeraf Island, a seasonally flooded island area isolated by the White Nile to the West and the Bahr el Zeraf river to the east. Although the reserve extends eastwards of this island, some records[3] call it the Zeraph Island Reserve and others state that this island was the primary target for protection.[4] The name in general is derived from the Bahr el Zeraf and is popularly rendered simply as "Zeraf Game Reserve"[4][5]


  1. 1 2 United Nations Environment Programme (2007). Sudan: post-conflict environmental assessment. UNEP/Earthprint. pp. 261, 263–. ISBN 978-92-807-2702-9. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  2. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources; Norway. Direktoratet for utviklingshjelp (December 1989). The IUCN Sahel studies 1989. IUCN. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-2-88032-977-8. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  3. 1 2 IUCN (1976). Proceedings of a regional meeting on the creation of a coordinated system of national parks and reserves in Eastern Africa. p. 158. ISBN 2880320402.
  4. 1 2 3 Speece, Mark. (1982). Draft environmental profile of the Democratic Republic of Sudan (PDF). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Man and the Biosphere Secretariat, Dept. of State. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  5. Clammer, Paul (2009). Sudan (2nd ed.). Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 5. ISBN 1841622060.

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