Extreme points of the European Union
This is a list of the extreme points of the European Union — the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
- North: Nuorgam, Finland (70° 5’ 30” N)
- South: El Pinar, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain (27°42′05″N).
- West: Monchique Islet, Azores Islands, Portugal (31°16′30″W)
- East: Rizokarpaso, Cyprus de jure (34° 36’ E)
Including overseas territories
Only including the European continent proper, i.e. mainland of the 23 member states excluding islands such as Cyprus, Malta, Ireland or Great Britain.
In the Schengen Area
- The EU's highest peak is Mont Blanc in the Graian Alps, 4,810.45 metres (15,782 ft) above sea level.
- The lowest point (man-made) in the EU is Tagebau Hambach, 293 m (961 ft) below sea level, Niederzier, North Rhine-Westphalia,
- The lowest natural points in the EU are Lammefjorden, Denmark and Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands, at 7 m (23 ft) below sea level.
- Rizokarpaso/Dipkarpaz, in Northern Cyprus, is the de jure easternmost point. Although the whole of Cyprus acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004, EU legislation only applies to the southern part of the island which remained under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus after the Turkish invasion of 1974. EU legislation is suspended in Northern Cyprus. It is therefore de facto not part of the EU, making Cape Greco, Ayia Napa the de facto easternmost point. Cyprus is usually considered to be in Asia rather than Europe with respect to physical geography, although it is considered culturally European. See also European_Union_Enlargement#Northern_Cyprus and Extreme points of Cyprus.
- Réunion is a French département d'outre-mer, and as such is fully part of France and the EU.
- "Mont Blanc shrinks by 45 cm (17.72 in) in two years". Sydney Morning Herald. 6 November 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
- "The World Factbook". cia.gov.