Extreme points of Europe

This is a list of the extreme points of Europe: the geographical points that are higher or farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. Some of these positions are open to debate, as the definition of Europe is diverse.

Extremes of the European continent, including islands

Mainland Europe


  • Highest point. The highest point is dependent upon the definition of Europe:
    • The Caucasus Mountains watershed divide is the most common definition for the European/Asian border. This places the highest point at Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 metres; 18,506 feet), which is 11 km onto the European side of the Caucasus watershed divide.
    • If the Caucasus mountains are excluded, the highest point is Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy (4,810 metres; 15,781 feet).
  • Lowest point (natural, with open sky). Caspian Sea shore, Russia (28 metres; 92 feet below sea level).
  • Lowest point (natural, under water). Calypso Deep, Greece (5,267 metres; 17,280 feet below sea level).
  • Lowest point (natural, underground). Dependent upon the definition of Europe: either Krubera Cave, Abkhazia, Georgia (2196 metres; 7205 feet below surface) (also the deepest cave of the world)[2] or Lamprechtsofen, Austria (1,632 metres; 5,354 feet below surface).
  • Lowest point (artificial, with open sky). Hambach surface mine (open-pit mine), Germany (293 metres; 961 feet below sea level). Also deepest of the world.
  • Lowest point (artificial, underground). Kola Superdeep Borehole, Russia (12,262 metres; 40,230 feet below surface). Also deepest of the world.

Highest attainable by transportation

See also: List of highest paved roads in Europe and List of highest railways in Europe

Lowest attainable by transportation

  • Lowest public tunnel - Eiksund Tunnel, Norway (287 metres (942 ft) below sea level)

See also


  1. Ireland, which is part of the European continental shelf and which was connected to the continent by land during the last glacial period, includes points that are further west than Cabo da Roca (see Extreme points of Ireland).


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