Executive Yuan

Executive Yuan
行政院
Xíngzhèng Yuàn (Mandarin)
Hàng-chṳn Yen (Hakka)
Executive Yuan logo
Agency overview
Formed 25 October 1928
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the Republic of China
Headquarters No. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
Employees 407
Agency executives
Website EY.gov.tw
Executive Yuan
Chinese 行政院
Literal meaning Executive Court
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The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

Organization and structure

The Executive Yuan is headed by a President (often translated as premier), and has a Vice President (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.[3]

Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.

Leaders

Name Leader
English Name Chinese
Premier院長 William Lai
Vice Premier 副院長 Shih Jun-ji
Secretary-General 秘書長 Chuo Rung-tai

Ministries

Name Minister
English Name Chinese
Interior內政部 Hsu Kuo-yung
Foreign Affairs外交部 Joseph Wu
National Defense國防部 Yen Teh-fa
Finance財政部 Su Jain-rong
Education教育部 Yeh Jiunn-rong
Justice法務部 Tsai Ching-hsiang
Economic Affairs經濟部 Shen Jong-chin
Transportation and Communications交通部 Wu Hong-mo
Labor勞動部 Hsu Ming-chun
Health and Welfare衛生福利部 Chen Shih-chung
Culture文化部 Cheng Li-chun
Science and Technology科技部 Chen Liang-gee

Councils and Commissions

Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs
Name Chair
English Name Chinese

Council of Agriculture

農業委員會 Lin Tsung-hsien
National Development Council 國家發展委員會 Chen Mei-ling
Mainland Affairs Council 大陸委員會 Chen Ming-tong
Financial Supervisory Commission 金融監督管理委員會 Wellington Koo
Ocean Affairs Council 海洋委員會 Hwung Hwung-hweng
Overseas Community Affairs Council 僑務委員會 Wu Hsin-hsing
Veterans Affairs Council 國軍退除役官兵輔導委員會 Chiu Kuo-cheng
Council of Indigenous Peoples 原住民族委員會 Icyang Parod
Hakka Affairs Council 客家委員會 Lee Yung-te

Public Construction Commission

公共工程委員會 Wu Tze-cheng

Atomic Energy Council

原子能委員會 Hsieh Shou-shing

Independent Commissions

There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision.

Name Chair
English Name Chinese
Central Election Commission 中央選舉委員會 Chen In-chin
Fair Trade Commission 公平交易委員會 Huang Mei-ying
National Communications Commission 國家通訊傳播委員會 Chan Ting-I

Other organs

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs
Name Leader
English Name Chinese

Environmental Protection Administration

環境保護署 Lee Ying-yuan
Central Bank 中央銀行 Yang Chin-long
National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 Chen Chi-nan
Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics 主計總處 Chu Tzer-ming
Directorate-General of Personnel Administration 人事行政總處 Jay N. Shih

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan

Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:[4]

Dissolved or cease to function

Ministers without portfolio

In the Executive Yuan Council, the current ministers without portfolio are:[6]

Executive Yuan Council

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.

Relationship with the Legislative Yuan

The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.

Transportation

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance east of Taipei Railway Station or west of Shandao Temple Station of the MRT.

See also

References

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