Eurovision Song Contest 1993

Eurovision Song Contest 1993
Final 15 May 1993
Venue Green Glens Arena
Millstreet, Cork, Ireland
Presenter(s) Fionnuala Sweeney
Conductor Noel Kelehan
Directed by Anita Notaro
Executive supervisor Christian Clausen
Executive producer Liam Miller
Host broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
Opening act The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.
Interval act Linda Martin,
Johnny Logan,
Number of entries 25
Debuting countries  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Returning countries None
Withdrawing countries  Yugoslavia
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points None
Winning song  Ireland
"In Your Eyes"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 15 May 1993 at Green Glens Arena in Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland. The presenter was Fionnuala Sweeney. Niamh Kavanagh was the winner of this Eurovision for Ireland with the song, "In Your Eyes". This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Three countries had previously won two years in a row: Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979.

The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.


Location of Millstreet and the capital, Dublin, which hosted all the previous Irish-held contests.

The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest, and indeed was the most remote.

The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor well- equipped equestrian centre was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical triumph for all involved. The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin.

BBC newsreader Nicholas Witchell caused controversy by remarking on the air, shortly before the contest, that it would be held "in a cowshed in Ireland."[1] He subsequently apologized.

Pre-qualifying round

In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, then, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.

Voting structure

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. The voting required a jury to deliberate in the midst of the ongoing war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Warm applause rang round the hall as a voice on a crackling phone line was heard to deliver the familiar greeting, "Hello Millstreet, Sarajevo calling". During the announcement of the scores by the Dutch jury, Sweeney got carried away with the audience's cheers and declared Ireland 12 points (which were going to Portugal) when they had only been awarded 10 – which was promptly corrected. By the final few juries it became clear that either Ireland or the United Kingdom were going to win. After the penultimate jury had voted, it looked to be a lost cause for second-placed Sonia of the UK as she was eleven points behind Niamh Kavanagh.

Ostensibly due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury. An expectant Irish crowd waited to hear Malta award anything between one and ten points to either the UK or Ireland – the result of which would have made it arithmetically impossible for Ireland to be caught. However, the name of neither country came up (the ten points instead surprisingly being awarded to Luxembourg). This of course meant that either the UK or Ireland must have failed to pick up any points from the final jury, and if it was Sonia that received the maximum twelve points, the seemingly impossible would have happened and the UK would snatch a single-point victory at the death. Instead it was Ireland that were awarded the final points of the evening, finishing with what looked in retrospect a comfortable twenty-three-point victory. The way the votes were cast, having Malta's vote announced last was the only way for the contest for victory to go down to the final jury. 1993 was the last year that the points were announced by telephone.


Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.

Returning artists

Artist Country Previous Year(s)
Tony Wegas  Austria 1992
Katri Helena  Finland 1979
Tommy Seebach  Denmark 1979, 1981


Draw Country Artist Song Language[2] Place Points
01  Italy Enrico Ruggeri "Sole d'Europa" Italian 12 45
02  Turkey Burak Aydos "Esmer Yarim" Turkish 21 10
03  Germany Münchener Freiheit "Viel zu weit" German 18 18
04   Switzerland Annie Cotton "Moi, tout simplement" French 3 148
05  Denmark Tommy Seebach Band "Under stjernerne på himlen" Danish 22 9
06  Greece Katerina Garbi "Ellada, hora tou fotos" (Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός) Greek 9 64
07  Belgium Barbara Dex "Iemand als jij" Dutch 25 3
08  Malta William Mangion "This Time" English 8 69
09  Iceland Inga "Þá veistu svarið" Icelandic 13 42
10  Austria Tony Wegas "Maria Magdalena" German 14 32
11  Portugal Anabela "A cidade (até ser dia)" Portuguese 10 60
12  France Patrick Fiori "Mama Corsica" French, Corsican 4 121
13  Sweden Arvingarna "Eloise" Swedish 7 89
14  Ireland Niamh Kavanagh "In Your Eyes" English 1 187
15  Luxembourg Modern Times "Donne-moi une chance" French, Luxembourgish 20 11
16  Slovenia 1X Band "Tih deževen dan" Slovene 22 9
17  Finland Katri Helena "Tule luo" Finnish 17 20
18  Bosnia and Herzegovina Fazla "Sva bol svijeta" Bosnian 16 27
19  United Kingdom Sonia "Better the Devil You Know" English 2 164
20  Netherlands Ruth Jacott "Vrede" Dutch 6 92
21  Croatia Put "Don't Ever Cry" Croatian, English 15 31
22  Spain Eva Santamaría "Hombres" Spanish 11 58
23  Cyprus Zimboulakis & Van Beke "Mi stamatas" (Μη σταματάς) Greek 19 17
24  Israel Lahakat Shiru "Shiru" (שירו) Hebrew, English 24 4
25  Norway Silje Vige "Alle mine tankar" Norwegian 5 120

Score sheet

Italy 451710510822
Turkey 101216
Germany 1882341
Switzerland 1481012107854611267128410823643
Denmark 9135
Greece 64222676581277
Belgium 33
Malta 6975475542242464413
Iceland 42441715275222
Austria 3241336123
Portugal 601122582421121235
France 1217412387128106414381086
Sweden 89887107104567710
Ireland 1871215126621238610127123812106107512
Luxembourg 11101
Slovenia 94131
Finland 2038252
Bosnia and Herzegovina 273121443
United Kingdom 16418658121212761088105341054128
Netherlands 9266773635127103710
Croatia 313458164
Spain 585658221067511
Cyprus 172105
Israel 431
Norway 1201010101261085131276128
The table is ordered by appearance
Due to technical difficulties Malta was the last country to vote.

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N.ContestantVoting nation
7IrelandItaly, Malta, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
4United KingdomAustria, Belgium, Iceland, Israel
3 NorwayCroatia, Finland, Greece
SwitzerlandFrance, Germany, Luxembourg
2 FranceDenmark, Portugal
PortugalNetherlands, Spain
1 AustriaBosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and HerzegovinaTurkey

International broadcasts and voting

Voting and spokespersons

  1.  Italy – Peppi Franzelin
  2.  Turkey – Ömer Önder
  3.  Germany – Carmen Nebel
  4.   Switzerland – Michel Stocker[3]
  5.  Denmark – Bent Henius[4]
  6.  Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou[5]
  7.  Belgium – An Ploegaerts
  8.  Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
  9.  Austria – Andy Lee
  10.  Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Mello[6]
  11.  France – Olivier Minne[7]
  12.  Sweden – Gösta Hanson[8]
  13.  Ireland – Eileen Dunne
  14.  Luxembourg – TBC
  15.  Slovenia – Miša Molk
  16.  Finland – Solveig Herlin[9]
  17.  Bosnia and Herzegovina – Senad Hadžifejzović
  18.  United Kingdom – Colin Berry
  19.  Netherlands – Joop van Os
  20.  Croatia – Veljko Đuretić[10]
  21.  Spain – María Ángeles Balañac[11]
  22.  Cyprus – Anna Partelidou[12]
  23.  Israel – Danny Rup[13]
  24.  Norway – Sverre Christophersen[14]
  25.  Malta – Kevin Drake[15] [N 1]


National jury members

  •  CroatiaMaja Blagdan (future Croatian entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996)
  •  Greece – Vangelis Alexandropoulos, Bessy Argyraki (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Dina Vasilakou, Dimitris Iatropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Paschalis (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Anastasios Alatzas, Maria Alexandrou, Alexandros Varouxis, Giorgos Karelos, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Giorgos Logothetis, Maria Sotiropoulou, Elena Hounta
  •  Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson
  •  Israel – Noel Dunsky, Karen Klutche
  •  Netherlands – Angelina van Dijk, Lisa Boray
  •  Portugal – Jorge do Carmo, José Orlando
  •  Spain – Cristina Pons (student), Juan Ribera (doctor), Arantxa de Benito (TV hostess), Sergio Blanco (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Estíbaliz Uranga (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Manuel Quinto (writer and film critic), Rosita Ferrer (actress), Antonio Rebollo (sportsman), Concha Márquez Piquer (singer), René Dechamps (student), Rosi Nsue (dancer), Francesc Martínez de Foix (president of Special Olympics Spain), María Luisa San José (actress), Bernardo Bonezzi (composer), Annabelle Aramburu (TV and radio scriptwriter), Miguel Ángel Bermejo (film and advertising producer)[29]

Notes and references


  1. Due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury
  1. The Times (25 August 2005). "Witchell caught in off-air spat on VJ Day interview". London. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  2. "Eurovision Song Contest 1993". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  3. Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  4. 1 2 "Forside". Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
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  6. 1 2 "Comentadores Do ESC – | o forum eurovisivo português". Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  7. Laffont, Patrice et al. (May 15, 1993). 38ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1993 [38th Eurovision Song Contest 1993] (Television production). Ireland: RTÉ, France 2 (commentary).
  8. 1 2 "". Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  9. "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  10. "Pogledaj temu – SPOKESPERSONS". 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  11. "María Ángeles Balañac". 1 May 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  12. 1 2 Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  13. "פורום אירוויזיון". 13 September 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  14. Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  15. "Malta eighth in Eurovision contest", The Sunday Times, 16 May 1993
  16. "Enrico Ruggeri Sole d'Europa Eurofestival 1993". YouTube. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  17. "Eurovision Song Contest 1993". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  18. "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987–2004)". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  19. "Hasselt 2005: Jarige André Vermeulen verzorgt commentaar met Ilse Van Hoecke –". 25 October 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  20. 1 2 Christian Masson. "1993 – Millstreet". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  21. "Dagblaðið Vísir – DV, 13.05.1993". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  22. Archived 24 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  24. Julkaistu To, 29 April 2010 – 10:19 (29 April 2010). "YLE Radio Suomen kommentaattorit | Euroviisut | | Arkistoitu". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  25. "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  26. "Pogledaj temu – POVIJEST EUROSONGA: 1956 – 1999 (samo tekstovi)". 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  27. "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  28. "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? – Debattforum". Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  29. "XXXVIII Edición del Festival de Eurovisión (Año 1993)". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
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