Eurovision Song Contest 1991

Eurovision Song Contest 1991
Final 4 May 1991
Venue Studio 15 di Cinecittà
Rome, Italy
Presenter(s) Gigliola Cinquetti
Toto Cutugno
Conductor Bruno Canfora
Directed by Riccardo Donna
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Host broadcaster Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI)
Opening act Sara Carlson singing amongst the ruins of ancient Rome; Toto Cutugno singing "Insieme: 1992" and Gigliola Cinquetti singing "Non ho l'età"
Interval act Arturo Brachetti
Number of entries 22
Debuting countries None
Returning countries  Malta
Withdrawing countries  Netherlands
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points  Austria
Winning song  Sweden
"Fångad av en stormvind"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1991 was the 36th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 4 May 1991 in Rome. Due to the Gulf War and mounting tensions in Yugoslavia, RAI decided to move the contest from Sanremo to Rome, which was perceived to be more secure.

This was the last event in which the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia participated. The 1992 contest saw the participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (comprising only Serbia and Montenegro). It was also the first time that Germany was represented in their reunited form since the East Germany joined West Germany by the German reunification.

Carola was the winner of this Contest with the song "Fångad av en stormvind". This was the third victory for Sweden, after 1974 and 1984. There was a tie between Carola and France's Amina, as both had received 146 points. This necessitated a 'count-back', a tie-breaking measure introduced after the infamous four-way tie in 1969. Both Sweden and France had received four sets of 12 points, but Sweden had received five sets of 10 points to France's two, so Carola was declared the winner.


The contest was originally scheduled to be held at Teatro Ariston in Sanremo, where the Sanremo Music Festival takes place annually. It was for the organisers to pay tribute to the Italian festival that inspired the creation of the Eurovision Song Contest. But following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq and the outbreak of the Gulf War, the host broadcaster RAI decided in January 1991, to better ensure the security of foreign delegations, it would move the contest to Rome. This caused serious organisational problems and delays.

Rome is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. Studio 15 of Cinecittà, a large film studio in Rome, was later confirmed as the new venue. With an area of 400,000 square metres, it is the largest film studio in Europe, and is considered the hub of Italian cinema. The studios were constructed during the Fascist era as part of a scheme to revive the Italian film industry.

Contest overview

The presenters were Gigliola Cinquetti and Toto Cutugno, who represented Italy when they won Eurovision in 1964 and 1990 respectively. Cutugno opened the contest singing Insieme: 1992, and Cinquetti performed Non ho l'età. Cutugno had some difficulty with the pronunciation of the song titles and names of the artists and conductors. Despite this, in Italy almost seven million people watched the show. In addition to tallying the vote numbers in English and French, Cinquetti and Cutugno gave each of the jury allotments in Italian as well.

Nearly all of the commentary during the voting was given in Italian, which is not an official language of the European Broadcasting Union. (English and French are, and in the Eurovision Song Contest it is mandatory to provide commentary in at least one of those languages)

Sara Carlson gave the opening ceremony performance, titled Celebration, a mixture of modern dance in ancient settings of Ancient Rome. The performance featured Carlson singing, and a mixture of street dance and classical dance choreographed to popular sounding music of the time. At the time, Carlson had appeared numerous times on Italian TV, and this was seen as one of her largest audiences.

The Netherlands did not participate in this contest as it conflicted with the Remembrance of the Dead national holiday, and so Malta was allowed to participate in the Contest for the first time in 16 years, unable to before due to restrictions on the number of countries allowed to participate.


Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.

Returning artists

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Thomas Forstner  Austria 1989
Stefán Hilmarsson (part of Stefán & Eyfi)  Iceland 1988 (part of Beathoven)
Eiríkur Hauksson (part of Just 4 Fun)  Norway 1986 (for Iceland, part of ICY)
Hanne Krogh (part of Just 4 Fun)  Norway 1971, 1985 (part of Bobbysocks!, winner)
Carola  Sweden 1983


Draw Country Artist Song Language[1] Place Points
01  Yugoslavia Baby Doll "Brazil" (Бразил) Serbo-Croatian 21 1
02  Iceland Stefán & Eyfi "Draumur um Nínu" Icelandic 15 26
03  Malta Georgina & Paul Giordimaina "Could It Be" English 6 106
04  Greece Sophia Vossou "I anixi" (Η άνοιξη) Greek 13 36
05   Switzerland Sandra Simó "Canzone per te" Italian 5 118
06  Austria Thomas Forstner "Venedig im Regen" German 22 0
07  Luxembourg Sarah Bray "Un baiser volé" French 14 29
08  Sweden Carola "Fångad av en stormvind" Swedish 1 146
09  France Amina "C'est le dernier qui a parlé qui a raison" French 2 146
10  Turkey İzel Çeliköz, Reyhan Karaca & Can Uğurluer "İki Dakika" Turkish 12 44
11  Ireland Kim Jackson "Could It Be That I'm In Love" English 10 47
12  Portugal Dulce Pontes "Lusitana paixão" Portuguese 8 62
13  Denmark Anders Frandsen "Lige der hvor hjertet slår" Danish 19 8
14  Norway Just 4 Fun "Mrs. Thompson" Norwegian 17 14
15  Israel Duo Datz "Kan" (כאן) Hebrew 3 139
16  Finland Kaija Kärkinen "Hullu yö" Finnish 20 6
17  Germany Atlantis 2000 "Dieser Traum darf niemals sterben" German 18 10
18  Belgium Clouseau "Geef het op" Dutch 16 23
19  Spain Sergio Dalma "Bailar pegados" Spanish 4 119
20  United Kingdom Samantha Janus "A Message to Your Heart" English 10 47
21  Cyprus Elena Patroklou "SOS" Greek 9 60
22  Italy Peppino di Capri "Comme è ddoce 'o mare" Neapolitan 7 89

Voting structure

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.

During the final vote (Italy) none of the top three contenders - Sweden, Israel and France - had received any points up until the last 12-point vote. This vote went to France and for the first time in twenty-two years, there was a tie for first place, with France overcoming a large deficit to catch up with Sweden. However, since the four-way tie of 1969, the rules had been altered to ensure a single outright winner. The first step in the procedure was to check the number of 12-point votes awarded to each country. Sweden and France were still tied. But when counting the number of 10-point votes, Sweden had more and was finally declared the winner.

If the tie occurred under modern tie-breaking rules (post-2008 contest), France would have won because it had been voted for by more countries than Sweden.

Tiebreak results

Place Country Artist Points 12 points 10 points Points from each country
1 SwedenCarola1464517 of 21
2 FranceAmina1464218 of 21

Score sheet

Yugoslavia 11
Iceland 2641057
Malta 106126410122712761046710
Greece 36452114115102
Switzerland 118557812842265385612884
Austria 0
Luxembourg 294513243232
Sweden 14661210107631012810812104126
France 146107387125751212108786712
Turkey 447787258
Ireland 473431847122543
Portugal 62841271051271041
Denmark 835
Norway 1461124
Israel 139121085856312841076812105
Finland 6114
Germany 10613
Belgium 233253325
Spain 1198261012764686842476112
United Kingdom 471035631135316
Cyprus 602312124125361
Italy 8972628101012103127

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:

N.ContestantVoting nation
4 FranceAustria, Israel, Italy, Norway
SwedenDenmark, Germany, Iceland, United Kingdom
3 CyprusFrance, Greece, Malta
IsraelSpain, Turkey, Yugoslavia
2 ItalyFinland, Portugal
MaltaIreland, Sweden
SpainCyprus, Switzerland
SwitzerlandBelgium, Luxembourg


The singers were asked to sing a known Italian song which would then be used as a short clip for the postcard. The songs were in order:

# Country Competing artist Original artist Song
1 Yugoslavia Baby Doll Gigliola Cinquetti "Non ho l'età"
2 Iceland Stefán & Eyfi Eros Ramazzotti "Se bastasse una canzone"
3 Malta Georgina & Paul Giordimaina Claudio Baglioni "Questo piccolo grande amore"
4 Greece Sophia Vossou Lucio Dalla "Caruso"
5 Switzerland Sandra Simó Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini "Un'estate italiana"
6 Austria Thomas Forstner Eros Ramazzotti "Adesso tu"
7 Luxembourg Sarah Bray Ricchi e Poveri "Sarà perché ti amo"
8 Sweden Carola Fiordaliso "Non voglio mica la luna"
9 France Amina Rita Pavone "La partita di Pallone"
10 Turkey İzel Çeliköz, Reyhan Karaca
& Can Uğurluer
Dalida "Amore scusami"
11 Ireland Kim Jackson Domenico Modugno "Nel blu dipinto di blu"
12 Portugal Dulce Pontes "Dio, come ti amo"
13 Denmark Anders Frandsen Giacomo Puccini "Nessun dorma"
14 Norway Just 4 Fun Trad. "Santa Lucia"
15 Israel Duo Datz Sergio Endrigo "Lontano dagli occhi"
16 Finland Kaija Kärkinen Renato Carosone "Maruzzella"
17 Germany Atlantis 2000 Toto Cutugno "L'Italiano"
18 Belgium Clouseau Eros Ramazzotti "Musica è"
19 Spain Sergio Dalma Rocky Roberts "Sono tremendo"
20 United Kingdom Samantha Janus Antonello Venditti "Ricordati di me"
21 Cyprus Elena Patroklou Sergio Endrigo "Io che amo solo te"
22 Italy Peppino di Capri "Champagne"



National jury members

From this year, half of the members had to be music professionals.

  •  Turkey - Ümit Eroğlu (Turkish conductor at the 1990 and 1998 contest), Müjdat Akgün, Güneri Munzur, Durul Gence, Nejat Başeğmezler, Seda Bağcan, Taner Erdem, Göksan Arman
  •  Ireland – Danny Guinan
  •  Norway – Christine Holm, Julie Holm, Tine Smith, Jan Paul Brekke, Rune Arnesen, Nils Einar Vinjor, Kristin Skaare, Vibeke Wesenlund, Jean-Paul Choukroun, Gustavo Pollastri, Ragnhild Vaaler, Reidun Hansen, Kari Olstad, Erik Wesseltoft, Egil Storeide, Knut Reiersrud[25]
  •  Finland – Raimo Henriksson, Maisa Kanerva, Jussi Saksa, Martin Brushane, Päivi Ahola, Anna-Mari Kähärä, Kalle Chydenius, Johanna Almark, Jorma Tulonen, Eino Lehtinen, Riitta Haapala, Timo Linnala, Jaana Lindholm, Harri Antikainen, Pauliina Pohjanheimo, Harri Salmi
  •  Belgium - Nelly Byl
  •  Spain – Antonio Sempere (journalist and teacher), María Isabel Lloret (gymnast), Marcos Fernández (student), Nuria Esther Mendoza (dancer), Gabriel Jaraba (journalist), María Antonia Valls (journalist), Paco Clavel (artist), Salomé (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1969), Loles León (actress), Alfonso del Real (actor), María Casal (actress), Ricardo Cantalapiedra (music critic), Celia Cosgaya (student), Jesús de Vega (doctor), María Eugenia Castellanos (public relations), Begoña Castro (dancer)[26]


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