European Parliament election, 2014 (Netherlands)
26 seats to the European Parliament
Elections, candidates and members
of the European Parliament
for the Netherlands
|(1979-84)||(1st election - candidates - members)|
|(1984-89)||(2nd election - candidates - members)|
|(1989-94)||(3rd election - candidates - members)|
|(1994-99)||(4th election - candidates - members)|
|(1999-04)||(5th election - candidates - members)|
|(2004-09)||(6th election - candidates - members)|
|(2009-14)||(7th election - candidates - members)|
|(2014-19)||(8th election - candidates - members)|
|(2019-24)||(9th election - candidates - members)|
The 2014 European Parliament election for the election of the delegation from the Netherlands was held on 22 May 2014. This is the 8th time the elections have been held for the European elections in the Netherlands.
Voting and election organisation
Active voting right
To cast a vote (for the right to vote) in elections for the European Parliament. The voter should:
- have either the Dutch nationality or the nationality of a European Union member state;
- be 18 years or older;
- not be disqualified from voting.
Non-Dutch citizens who are nationals of other Member States of the European Union may vote at the election of the European Parliament, provided that they:
- are living on the day of the candidates' nomination in the Netherlands;
- have attained the age of 18 on the day of the vote;
- are not disqualified from voting either in the Netherlands or in the Member State in which they are a citizen;
- have registered in a municipality with a statement that they want to vote in the Netherlands. (The so-called Y-32 form.)
Dutch nationals abroad have to register to vote for the elections to the European Parliament. Upon registration request, they must indicate whether they are voting by letter, by proxy, or in person at a polling station in the Netherlands. Dutch nationals living in another EU Member State must make a statement that they have not voted in the Member State in which they reside.
Dutch residents of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have the same required as other Dutch living abroad. Dutch residents on Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba have no need to register, because these islands are part of the Netherlands. They may, as in other Dutch municipalities, vote at their polling stations.
The number of granted requests for registration in 2014 was 23,799 individuals. This was down from 39,601 registered international voters in 2009. Of these registered voters, 21,017 indicated they wanted to vote by mail, 1,804 requested to vote in the Netherlands itself at a polling station, and 978 wanted to grant power of attorney to someone in the Netherlands.
Passive voting right
To stand for election (for the right to be elected), a candidate should:
- have either Dutch nationality or the nationality of a Member State of the European Union;
- be eighteen years on the day of possible admission to the European Parliament;
- not be excluded from the right to vote.
Non-Dutch candidates from other Member States of the European Union must, in addition, be an actual resident in the Netherlands and not be excluded from the right to be elected in the Member State of which they are a national.
Organisation of elections
In elections for the European Parliament, the national electoral districts play no role in the nomination. The Netherlands consists of a single electoral district. Political parties, therefore, take part in the elections with only a single candidate list.
Although the national electoral districts do play an important role in processing the election results. The principal polling station of each constituency determines the vote total of the constituency. The results of the vote are recorded in an official document and transferred to the Electoral Council. The Electoral Council, in its role as the central electoral committee, then determines the result of the Netherlands' distribution of seats.
The transfer of the official recorded votes to the Electoral Council took place in 18 constituencies on Monday, 26 May 2014. On Tuesday, 27 May, this transfer occurred for the two remaining constituencies where the municipalities Raalte, Kampen (constituency Zwolle), and Ouder-Amstel, (constituency Haarlem) experimented with a centralised counting of votes.
Casting a vote
A voter could cast their vote at a polling station of their choice within their own district. At the casting their vote, they could identify themselves with an identity document which is considered valid even if it has expired within the last 5 years.
Voters who voted in the election for the European Parliament in 2014 from outside the Netherlands experimented with a new model ballot. In this new ballot, parties were allowed to show the party logo above their candidates if it had been registered in advance with the Electoral Council.
Participation of political groups
On Monday, 14 April 2014, the Electoral Council had a public hearing on the validity of the lists of candidates for the election of the Dutch seats for the European Parliament. The candidate list of the Women's Party was declared invalid because the required deposit to participate (€11,250) was not paid. Furthermore, the following candidates of the Party for the Animals were deleted because their documentation was incomplete and, as such, could not participate in the election:
- T. Regan (United States);
- W. T. Kymlicka (Canada);
- J.M. Coetzee (Australia).
Numbering of the candidates list
In the same public hearing on 14 April 2014, the Electoral Council also numbered the lists of candidates. The parties who had obtained one or more seats in 2009 at the last election to the European Parliament were given a number based on the number of votes that the parties had achieved in the previous election. These totalled 8 candidate lists. The party with the most votes got number 1 and the rest were listed accordingly. The list numbers for the remaining 11 candidates were decided by a lottery.
The official order and names of candidate lists:
|List||English translation||List name (Dutch)|
|1||list||CDA - European People's Party||CDA — Europese Volkspartij|
|2||list||PVV (Party for Freedom)||PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)|
|3||list||P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten|
|5||list||Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE||Democraten 66 (D66) - ALDE|
|7||list||SP (Socialist Party)||SP (Socialistische Partij)|
|9||list||Article 50||Artikel 50|
|10||list||IQ, the Rights-Obligations-Party||IQ, de Rechten-Plichten-Partij|
|13||list||The Greens||De Groenen|
|14||list||Anti EU(ro) Party||Anti EU(ro) Partij|
|15||list||Liberal Democratic Party||Liberaal Democratische Partij|
|16||list||Jesus Lives||Jezus Leeft|
|18||list||Party for the Animals||Partij voor de Dieren|
|19||list||Focus and Simplicity||Aandacht en Eenvoud|
Several parties formed an electoral alliance.
Traditionally, all elections are held on Wednesday in the Netherlands. Sunday is not an option because it's a resting day for Orthodox Christians, while Friday and Saturday are impossible, because of the Sabbath. Monday is also impossible, because then all preparation for an election would need to happen on the weekend. That leaves Tuesday,Wednesday and Thursday as possible election days. Many polling stations are located in schools, therefore, Wednesday is chosen because it is usually the quietest day of the week for classes. However, the European Parliament Elections run from Thursday to Sunday across the entire European Union. Therefore, Thursday is the election day for the European Parliament Elections.
Treaty of Lisbon
According to the Treaty of Lisbon, the Netherlands was awarded 26 seats in the European parliament. This is one more than the election of 2009. The last elections were held when the treaty was not yet in effect, because not all member states had ratified the treaty. The treaty came into effect during the last session of the European Parliament. The additional seat was then awarded to the Party of Freedom on 9 October 2011 based on the results of the 2009 election. This increased the numbers of seats for the PVV from 4 to 5 for the 2009–2014 session.
Poll results are listed in the tables below in reverse chronological order. The highest figure in each survey is displayed in bold type, and the background is shaded in the colour the party. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded.
|26 May (Preliminary results)||ANP||3||3||4||2||5||4||2||2||1||0||0|
|22 May (Exit polls)||Ipsos||3||3||3||3||4||4||2||2||1||1||0|
|18 May||Peil (prognosis)||3–4||2–3||4–5||3–4||4–5||4–5||2–3||1–2||0–1||0–1||0|
|15 May||TNS Nipo||3–4||2–3||3–4||3–4||2–3||4–6||2–3||2||0–1||1||0|
|16 Apr||TNS Nipo||4–5||2–3||4–5||2–3||2–3||3–5||2–3||1–2||0–1||0–1||0–1|
|11 Jan||TNS Nipo||5||3||5||4||3||3||1||1||0||1||0|
|4 June 2009||Election results||3||3||4||2||5||3||2||3||0||0||0|
|26 May (Preliminary results)||ANP||11.9%||9.4%||13.2%||9.6%||15%||15.4%||7.6%||7.0%||4.2%||3.7%||3%|
|22 May (Exit polls)||Ipsos||12.3%||9.4%||12.2%||10.0%||15.2%||15.6%||7.8%||7.3%||4.2%||4.2%||1.1%|
|15 May||TNS Nipo||12.3%||9.9%||11.9%||11.9%||11.3%||19.3%||9.5%||6.0%||1.6%||3.8%||2.5%|
|16 Apr||TNS Nipo||16.2%||10.5%||18.1%||9.9%||11.1%||15.7%||8.3%||4.7%||1.0%||2.8%||1.8%|
|11 Jan||TNS Nipo||16.4%||12.2%||17.2%||13.2%||10.6%||12.3%||6.2%||3.7%||2.2%||3.8%||1.7%|
|4 June 2009||Election results||11.4%||12.1%||17.0%||7.1%||20.1%||11.3%||6.8%||8.9%||3.5%||−||2.0%|
Turnout was with 37.32%, which is a little higher than in 2009. (36.75%) A total of 12,815,496 people were entitled to vote. Of these 4,782,251 did participated in the election.
Municipality with the highest voter turnout:
- Schiermonnikoog: 70.95%
Municipality with the lowest voter turnout:
- Sint Eustatius: 7.44%
The electoral quota is the number of votes needed for one seat.
It is the total valid number of votes divided by the number of seats.
For this election it was 4,753,746 valid votes, divided by 26 seats.
The electoral quota was established as: 182.836
The results of the electoral alliances. Both parties of both alliances reached the electoral quota and are eligible for remainder seats.
|Electoral alliance||List||Number of votes|
|List 1: CDA – European People's Party||721,766|
|List 8: Christian Union-SGP||364,843|
|Electoral alliance||List||Number of votes|
|List 3: P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||446,763|
|List 6: GreenLeft||331,594|
Assigning full seats
Full seats are assigned by number of votes divided by the electoral quota. Electoral alliances are marked as a letter, instead of a number. Any seats left over are not yet assigned to a specific party.
|List||Party's||Number of votes||Electoral quota||Seats|
|A (list 1+8)||Christian Democratic Appeal + Christian Union-SGP||1,086,609||182,836||5|
|B (list 3+6)||Labour Party + GreenLeft||778,357||182,836||4|
|2||Party for Freedom||633,114||182,836||3|
|4||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||571,176||182,836||3|
|10||IQ, the Rights-Obligations-Party||1,705||182,836||0|
|14||Anti EU(ro) Party||12,290||182,836||0|
|15||Liberal Democratic Party||6,349||182,836||0|
|18||Party for the Animals||200,254||182,836||1|
|19||Focus and Simplicity||3,174||182,836||0|
The remaining, or left over, seats are awarded sequentially to the lists with the highest average number of votes per seat. Only lists that reached the electoral quota are eligible.
|List||Remainder seat 1||Remainder seat 2||Remainder seat 3||Remainder seat 4||Total|
|A (list 1+8)||181,101||155,229||155,229||155,229||2|
|B (list 3+6)||155,671||155,671||155,671||129,726||1|
- CDA – European People's Party and Christian Union-SGP electoral alliance is awarded 2 seats
- PVV (Party for Freedom) is awarded 1 seat
- P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats and GreenLeft electoral alliance is awarded 1 seat
The election committee also calculated what would have happened without electoral alliances. In that case the CDA – European People's Party would have 4 seats instead of 5 and the Socialist Party 3 seats instead of 2.
Awarding seats within electoral alliances
To decide the seats per party for electoral alliances, the combination quota is first determined. Combination quota for electoral alliances are determined by the total number valid votes divided by the awarded seats. The party with the most votes left after the full seats are assigned gets the seat remaining.
For list A, there were 1,086,609 votes divided by 7 seats. The combination quota was established as: 155,229 votes
|Electoral alliance||List||Number of votes||Combination quota||Full seats||Remainder votes||Remainder seat||Total|
|List 1: CDA – European People's Party||721,766||155,229||4||100,846||1||5|
|List 8: Christian Union-SGP||364,843||155,229||2||54,383||2|
For list B, there were 778,357 votes divided by 5 seats. The combination quota was established as: 155,671 votes
|Electoral alliance||List||Number of votes||Combination quota||Full seats||Remainder votes||Remainder seat||Total|
|List 3: P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||446,763||155,671||2||135,420||1||3|
|List 6: GreenLeft||331,594||155,671||2||20,251||2|
The Christian Democratic Appeal got the most seats and was seen as the winner of the 2014 elections, although it lost the biggest percentage of votes and Democrats 66 received more votes. The Christian Democratic Appeal got an extra seat, thanks to their electoral alliance with Christian Union-SGP. The euro-sceptic PVV (Party for Freedom) was the biggest loser of the 2014 elections, though it only lost 1 seat. Contrary to other European countries, the euro-sceptic movement did worse than previous elections.
|List||English translation||List name (Dutch)||EU Party||EP Group|
|list||Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE||Democraten 66 (D66) - ALDE||ALDE||ALDE||735,825||15.48||4.16
4 / 26
|list||CDA - European People's Party||CDA - Europese Volkspartij||EPP||EPP||721,766||15.18||4.87
5 / 26
|list||PVV (Party for Freedom)||PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)||none||ENF||633,114||13.32||3.65
4 / 26
3 / 26
|list||SP (Socialist Party)||SP (Socialistische Partij)||none||EUL/NGL||458,079||9.64||2.54
2 / 26
|list||P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten||PES||S&D||446,763||9.40||2.65
3 / 26
2 / 26
2 / 26
|list||Party for the Animals||Partij voor de Dieren||none||EUL/NGL||200,254||4.21||0.75
1 / 26
0 / 26
0 / 26
|list||Article 50||Artikel 50||none||24,069||0.51||new||
0 / 26
|list||Anti EU(ro) Party||Anti EU(ro) Partij||none||12,290||0.26||new||
0 / 26
|list||The Greens||De Groenen||EGP||Greens-EFA||10,883||0.23||0.04
0 / 26
|list||JESUS LIVES||JEZUS LEEFT||none||9,507||0.20||new||
0 / 26
0 / 26
|list||Liberal Democratic Party||Liberaal Democratische Partij||none||6,349||0.13||0.11
0 / 26
|list||Focus and Simplicity||Aandacht en Eenvoud||none||3,174||0.07||new||
0 / 26
|list||IQ, the Rights-Obligations-Party||IQ, de Rechten-Plichten-Partij||none||1,705||0.04||new||
0 / 26
|Blank votes||16,786||0.35||0.13 |
|Invalid votes||11,719||0.25||0.03 |
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||12,815,496||37.32||0.57
- The ALDE remained the biggest group in the Netherlands. They increased their seats from 6 to 7, thanks to Democrats 66 seat win.
- The PVV (Party for Freedom) founded and joined the ENF, they were Non-Inscrits before.
- The SGP (Reformed Political Party) joined the ECR and left the EFD group. The Christian Union and SGP, which were in separate groups since 2009 rejoined the same group again.
- The Party for the Animals joined the GUE/NGL group, increasing their seats from 2 to 3.
- The G-EFA lost one seat, because GreenLeft lost one.
|5 (CDA)||3 (PvdA)||2 (CU-SGP)||4 (D66)
|2 (GL)||4 (PVV)||26|
|European group||Seats 2009||Seats 2014||Change|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe||ALDE||6||7||1 |
|European People's Party||EPP||5||5||0 |
|Europe of Nations and Freedom||ENF||none||4||4 |
|Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats||S&D||3||3||0 |
|European United Left–Nordic Green Left||EUL-NGL||2||3||1 |
|The Greens–European Free Alliance||Greens-EFA||3||2||1 |
|European Conservatives and Reformists||ECR||1||2||1 |
|Europe of Freedom and Democracy||EFD||1||0||1 |
23 members were directly elected by preference votes, though 28 members got enough preference votes.
To be elected by preference votes, 10% of the electoral quota is needed.
The electoral quota was 182,836. 10% of 182,836 = 18,284 votes.
Not all candidates could be appointed because either, the party did not get enough seats, or they got no seats.
Below are all the elected members of European parliament for the Netherlands. Members elected by preference votes are in bold. The following 26 MEPs were officially announced by the Central Electoral Commission.
- Sophie in 't Veld, by 568,185 votes (top candidate)
- Marietje Schaake, by 41,236 votes
- Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, by 31,326 votes
- Matthijs van Miltenburg, by 16,698 votes
- Esther de Lange, by 415,011 votes (top candidate)
- Annie Schreijer-Pierik, by 113,123 votes
- Wim van de Camp, by 37,715 votes
- Jeroen Lenaers, by 36,428 votes
- Lambert van Nistelrooij, by 32,970 votes
- Geert Wilders, by 290,239 votes (did not accept his seat)
- Marcel de Graaff, by 276,680 votes (top candidate)
- Vicky Maeijer, by 26,491 votes
- Olaf Stuger, by 4.021 votes
- Hans van Baalen, by 358,029 votes (top candidate)
- Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, by 86,237 votes
- Jan Huitema, by 26,031 votes
- Paul Tang, by 183,296 votes (top candidate)
- Agnes Jongerius, by 170,119 votes
- Kati Piri, by 10,351 votes
Members not elected, but enough preference votes:
- VVD – Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn, by 19,370 votes (party did not win enough seats.)
- Christian Union-SGP – Stieneke van der Graaf, by 23,429 votes (party did not win enough seats.)
- Pirate Party – Matthijs Pontier, by 30,507 votes (party did not win any seat.)
- 50PLUS – Toine Manders and Henk Krol, by 112,521 and 23,125 votes (party did not win any seat.)
MEPs in 2014–2019
Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 2014–2019 as a result of this election.
- 22 May: Election for the European Parliament in the Netherlands.
- 11 June: Party for the Animals joined the European United Left–Nordic Green Left group.
- 16 June: The Reformed Political Party leaves the Europe of Freedom and Democracy group and joins the European Conservatives and Reformists group.
- 26 June: The election committee elecs Hans Jansen for the empty seat of Geert Wilders in the European Parliament, because Geert Wilders did not accept the seat. He has 10 days to accept or reject.
- 1 July: Begin 8th European Parliament session. (2014-2019)
- 1 July: Hans Jansen is installed in the European Parliament as a replacement for Geert Wilders of the Party for Freedom. Geert Wilders never entered as an MEP.
- 5 May: Hans Jansen of the Party for Freedom dies at 72 years.
- 2 June: The election committee elecs Geert Wilders for the empty seat of Hans Jansen in the European Parliament, because Geert Wilders did not accept the seat. He has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 15 June: The Party for Freedom founds and joins the Europe of Nations and Freedom group.
- 23 July: The election committee elecs Auke Zijlstra for the empty seat of Hans Jansen in the European Parliament, because Geert Wilders did not accept the seat. He has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 1 September: Auke Zijlstra is installed in the European Parliament as a replacement for Hans Jansen. Auke Zijlstra was the first inline after Geert Wilders did not accept his seat. (based on preference votes and list order)
- 8 September: Auke Zijlstra joins the Europe of Nations and Freedom group.
- 15 March: Vicky Maeijer of the Party for Freedom leaves the European Parliament to take her seat in the Dutch Parliament after the 2017, Dutch elections.
- 23 May: The election committee elecs Geert Wilders for the empty seat of Vicky Maeijer in the European Parliament. He has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 2 June: The election committee elecs André Elissen for the empty seat of Vicky Maeijer in the European Parliament, because Geert Wilders did not accept the seat. He has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 13 June: André Elissen is installed in the European Parliament as a replacement for Vicky Maeijer of the Party for Freedom.
- 25 October: Cora Nieuwenhuizen-Wijbenga left the European Parliament to become the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Management in the Netherlands
- 7 November: The election committee elecs Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn for the empty seat of Cora Nieuwenhuizen-Wijbenga in the European Parliament. She has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 14 November: Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn is installed in the European Parliament as a replacement for Cora Nieuwenhuizen-Wijbenga of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy.
|Name||Sex||National party||EP Group||Period||Preference vote|
|Hans van Baalen||Male||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||ALDE||14 July 2009 – Present||358,029|
|Bas Belder||Male||Reformed Political Party||ECR||20 July 1999 – Present||53,995|
|Wim van de Camp||Male||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||14 July 2009 – Present||37,715|
|Peter van Dalen||Male||Christian Union||ECR||14 July 2009 – Present||253,620|
|Bas Eickhout||Male||GreenLeft||G–EFA||14 July 2009 – Present||184,154|
|André Elissen||Male||Party for Freedom||ENF||13 June 2017 – Present||1,976|
|Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy||Male||Democrats 66||ALDE||14 July 2009 – Present||31,326|
|Marcel de Graaff||Male||Party for Freedom||NI / ENF||1 July 2014 – Present||276,680|
|Anja Hazekamp||Female||Party for the Animals||EUL–NGL||1 July 2014 – Present||131,093|
|Jan Huitema||Male||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||ALDE||1 July 2014 – Present||26,031|
|Hans Jansen||Male||Party for Freedom||NI / ENF||1 July 2014 – 5 May 2015||16,568|
|Dennis de Jong||Male||Socialist Party||EUL–NGL||14 July 2009 – Present||300,782|
|Agnes Jongerius||Female||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||170,119|
|Esther de Lange||Female||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||12 April 2007 – Present||415,011|
|Jeroen Lenaers||Male||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||1 July 2014 – Present||36,428|
|Vicky Maeijer||Female||Party for Freedom||NI / ENF||1 July 2014 – 15 March 2017||26,491|
|Matthijs van Miltenburg||Male||Democrats 66||ALDE||1 July 2014 – Present||16,698|
|Anne-Marie Mineur||Female||Socialist Party||EUL–NGL||1 July 2014 – Present||52,187|
|Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn||Female||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||ALDE||14 November 2017 – Present||19,370|
|Cora van Nieuwenhuizen||Female||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||ALDE||1 July 2014 – 25 October 2017||86,237|
|Lambert van Nistelrooij||Male||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||20 July 2004 – Present||32,970|
|Kati Piri||Female||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||10,351|
|Judith Sargentini||Female||GreenLeft||G–EFA||14 July 2009 – Present||91,745|
|Marietje Schaake||Female||Democrats 66||ALDE||14 July 2009 – Present||41,236|
|Annie Schreijer-Pierik||Female||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||1 July 2014 – Present||113,123|
|Olaf Stuger||Male||Party for Freedom||NI / ENF||1 July 2014 – Present||4,021|
|Paul Tang||Male||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||183,296|
|Sophie in 't Veld||Female||Democrats 66||ALDE||20 July 2004 – Present||568,185|
|Auke Zijlstra||Male||Party for Freedom||NI / ENF||13 September 2011 – 1 July 2014
7 September 2015 – Present
- https://www.kiesraad.nl/adviezen-en-publicaties/vragen-en-antwoorden/tweede-kamer-stemmen/waarom-stemmen-we-in-nederland-op-woensdag Election Committee Why we vote on Wednesday.
- "CDA 5 zetels, D66 en PVV 4". NOS. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- Cerulus, Laurens (23 May 2014). "Europhiles take the lead in Dutch EU elections, exit polls show". Euractiv. Euractiv. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- Verkiezingsuitslagen van de kiesraad
- [http://www.europa-nu.nl/9353000/d/vaststelling_kiesraad_uitslag_ep2014.pdf Kiesraad