European Parliament election, 2009 (Spain)

European Parliament election in Spain, 2009

7 June 2009

All 54[lower-alpha 1] Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Opinion polls
Registered 35,492,567 2.3%
Turnout 15,935,147 (44.9%)
0.2 pp

  First party Second party Third party
Leader Jaime Mayor Oreja Juan Fernando López Aguilar Ramon Tremosa
Alliance EPP S&D ALDE
Leader since 22 April 2004 22 November 2008 24 January 2009
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 24 seats, 41.2% 25 seats, 43.5% 2 seats, 5.2%
Seats won 24 23 3
Seat change 0 2 1
Popular vote 6,670,377 6,141,784 808,246
Percentage 42.1% 38.8% 5.1%
Swing 0.9 pp 4.7 pp 0.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Willy Meyer Francisco Sosa Wagner Oriol Junqueras
Alliance GUE/NGL NI Greens/EFA
Leader since 8 May 2004 3 September 2008 21 February 2009
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 2 seats, 4.1% Did not contest 1 seat, 3.4%
Seats won 2 1 1
Seat change 0 1 0
Popular vote 588,248 451,866 394,938
Percentage 3.7% 2.9% 2.5%
Swing 0.4 pp New party 0.9 pp

Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 2009 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Sunday, 7 June 2009, as part of the EU-wide election to elect the 7th European Parliament. All 50 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice—54 after the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2011—were up for election.

Electoral system

The 50 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice[lower-alpha 1] were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[1] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals and resident non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[2][3][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[2][3]

Parties and leaders

Parties and coalitions Composition Ideology Candidate
People's Party (PP) Liberal conservatism Jaime Mayor Oreja[5][6]
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy Juan Fernando López Aguilar[7]
Coalition for Europe (CEU) Peripheral nationalism Ramon Tremosa[8][9]
United LeftInitiative for Catalonia Greens: The Left (IU–ICV) Democratic socialism Willy Meyer[10][11]
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) Social liberalism Francisco Sosa Wagner[12]
Europe of the Peoples–Greens (EdP–V) Peripheral nationalism Oriol Junqueras[13]
Internationalist Initiative–Solidarity between Peoples (II–SP) Revolutionary socialism Alfonso Sastre
The Greens–European Green Group (LV–GVE) Green politics Kristien Lesage

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font.



Summary of the 7 June 2009 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 6,670,37742.12+0.91 24±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 6,141,78438.78–4.68 23–2
Coalition for Europe (CEU)1 2 808,2465.10–0.12 3+1
United LeftInitiative for Catalonia Greens: The Left (IU–ICV) 588,2483.71–0.44 2±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 451,8662.85New 1+1
Europe of the Peoples–Greens (EdP–V)3 394,9382.49–0.95 1±0
Internationalist Initiative–Solidarity between Peoples (II–SP) 178,1211.12New 0±0
The Greens–European Green Group (LV–GVE) 89,1470.56+0.12 0±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 41,9130.26New 0±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 24,5070.15+0.09 0±0
Libertas–Citizens of Spain (Libertas) 22,9030.14New 0±0
Anti-capitalist Left–Global Revolt (IzAn–RG) 19,7350.12New 0±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 19,5830.12New 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 15,2210.10+0.07 0±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia (PSA)4 13,9930.09+0.05 0±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 12,3440.08+0.03 0±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 10,4560.07+0.02 0±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,1440.06–0.02 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 10,0310.06+0.03 0±0
National Democracy (DN) 9,9500.06+0.02 0±0
Feminist Initiative (IFem) 9,7210.06New 0±0
National Front (FrN) 7,9700.05New 0±0
Catalan Republican Party (RC) 7,5470.05New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 7,0090.04+0.01 0±0
Valencian Union (UV)5 6,0720.04–0.01 0±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 6,0090.04New 0±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 5,8770.04New 0±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 5,7330.04New 0±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 5,1650.03+0.02 0±0
United Extremadura (EU)6 5,0070.03+0.02 0±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 4,7670.03+0.01 0±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 3,4830.02New 0±0
Asturian Nationalist Unity (UNA) 3,1830.02New 0±0
Andecha Astur (AA) 2,2550.01New 0±0
Liberal Centrist Union (UCL) 1,9910.01±0.00 0±0
Blank ballots 220,4711.39+0.78
Total1 15,835,767 54±0
Valid votes 15,835,76799.38+0.36
Invalid votes 99,3800.62–0.36
Votes cast / turnout 15,935,14744.90–0.24
Abstentions 19,557,42055.10+0.24
Registered voters 35,492,567
Popular vote
Blank ballots

Distribution by European group

Summary of political group distribution in the 7th European Parliament (2009–2014)[16]
Groups Parties Seats Total %
European People's Party (EPP) 24
25 46.30
Party of European Socialists (PES) 23 23 42.59
The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) 1
2 3.70
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) 1
2 3.70
European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) 1 1 1.85
Non-Inscrits (NI) 1 1 1.85
Total 54 54 100.00


  1. 1 2 Note that, once the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2011, Spain's MEP delegation was increased from 50 to 54 and applied retroactively.


Opinion poll sources
  1. 1 2 "Los sondeos que maneja el PSOE también dan la victoria a Mayor Oreja". El Imparcial (in Spanish). 5 June 2009.
  2. "El PP aventaja a los socialistas en las elecciones europeas". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 28 May 2009.
  3. "El PP aventaja al PSOE por 3,7 puntos". El País (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  4. "Encuestas. La Razón (1 junio 2009)". (in Spanish). 1 June 2009.
  5. "El PP supera al PSOE en 2,2 puntos a una semana del 7-J". El Mundo (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  6. "Intención de voto al Parlamento Europeo". El Mundo (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  7. "El PP gana al PSOE en votos y escaños". El Mundo (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  8. "El PP aventaja al PSOE en dos puntos a una semana de las elecciones europeas". ABC (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  9. "PP y PSOE encaran las europeas en un apretado e incierto codo a codo". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  10. "El PSOE se acerca al PP". Público (in Spanish). 31 May 2009.
  11. "Una encuesta del PSOE pronostica un empate a 23 escaños con el PP". Público (in Spanish). 29 May 2009.
  12. "Las encuestas del PSOE pronostican un empate con el PP a 23 escaños". Estrella Digital (in Spanish). 1 June 2009.
  13. "Encuesta de NC Report para LA RAZÓN: El PSOE pierde más de un millón de votos y al menos tres escaños". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 May 2009.
  14. "Encuestas. La Razón (25 mayo 2009)". (in Spanish). 25 May 2009.
  15. "Pre-electoral elecciones al Parlamento Europeo, 2009 (Estudio nº 2800. Abril-Mayo 2009)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 21 May 2009.
  16. "El CIS señala un empate". ABC (in Spanish). 22 May 2009.
  17. "Un PP al alza se perfila como claro ganador de los comicios del 7-J". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 24 May 2009.
  18. "Macroencuesta COPE: Mayor Oreja supera en valoración a López Aguilar". COPE (in Spanish). 8 May 2009.
  19. "Encuesta de NC Report para LA RAZÓN: El PP superaría al PSOE en medio millón de votos en las europeas". La Razón (in Spanish). 11 May 2009.
  20. "El PP aventaja al PSOE en cuatro puntos". Público (in Spanish). 9 May 2009.
  21. "Encuestas. Público (11 mayo 2009)". (in Spanish). 11 May 2009.
  22. "El PP gana al PSOE en Europa". La Razón (in Spanish). 20 April 2009.
  23. "El PP supera en 4,4 puntos al PSOE ante las europeas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 April 2009.
  24. "Macroencuesta de El Mundo-Sigma Dos. Valoración sobre elecciones europeas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 11 April 2009.
  25. "El PP parte con ventaja". Público (in Spanish). 12 April 2009.
  1. Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. 1 2 General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish) Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Representation of the people Institutional Act". Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  4. Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, 10 March 2001 Official Journal of the European Communities Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  5. Marcos, Pilar (23 April 2004). "El PP designa a Mayor para que encabece su lista en las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  6. Ximénez de Sandoval, Pablo (5 January 2009). "Rajoy deja en manos del PP más duro la campaña de las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  7. "López Aguilar hace campaña por las europeas mientras el PP sigue sin candidato". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 22 November 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  8. Foguet, Joan (13 January 2009). "Mas sustituye a Guardans por un soberanista en las listas europeas". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  9. "CDC ratifica a Tremosa con la abstención de Guardans". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. 25 January 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  10. Agencias (8 May 2004). "Willy Meyer será el candidato de IU a las elecciones europeas". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  11. Agencia EFE (21 February 2009). "La dirección de IU proclama a Willy Meyer como cabeza de lista para las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  12. "Sosa Wagner encabezará la candidatura europea de UPyD, el partido de Rosa Díez". La Nueva España (in Spanish). Oviedo. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  13. Cazorla, Bertran (22 February 2009). "ERC aprueba la candidatura europea de Junqueras". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  14. "Electoral Results Consultation. European Parliament. June 2009. National totals". (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. "European election 7 June 2009". (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.

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