European Parliament election, 2009 (Poland)

Poland European Parliament election, 2009

7 June 2009

50 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 24.53%

  First party Second party
 
Leader Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński
Party PO PiS
Alliance EPP ECR
Leader since 1 June 2003 18 January 2003
Last election 15 seats, 24.1% 7 seats, 12.67%
Seats won 25 15
Seat change 10 8
Popular vote 3 271 852 2 017 607
Percentage 44.43% 27.40%
Swing 20.33% 14.73%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Grzegorz Napieralski Waldemar Pawlak
Party SLD PSL
Alliance S&D EPP
Leader since 31 May 2008 29 January 2005
Last election 5 seats, 9.35% 4 seats, 6.34%
Seats won 7 3
Seat change 2 1
Popular vote 908 765 516 146
Percentage 12.34% 7.01%
Swing 2.99% 0.67%

Powiats won by

– Civic Platform – Law and Justice

– Polish People's Party

The European Parliament election of 2009 in Poland was the election of the delegation from Poland to the European Parliament in 2009 which took place on 7 June 2009.[1] On 13 February the Sejm (the lower house of the Polish parliament) accepted a proposal for an amendment to the electoral court act to allow voting for the European Parliament election of 2009 to take place over 2 days i.e. the 6 and 7 June 2009. However, on 5 March, the proposal was referred to the Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland by the Polish President, Lech Kaczyński.[2]

The Polish electorate elected 50 MEPs.[1] In the 27 EU Member States, at total of 736 MEPs were elected from 4–7 June 2009.[1]

Outcome

As anticipated, the Civic Platform (PO) won a significant victory, winning more than 44% of the vote and gaining half of the total seats. PO's vote was higher than their 41.5% achieved at the Polish parliamentary election, 2007, and to date was the highest vote achieved by a Polish political party to either the Sejm (national legislature) or the European Parliament. Law and Justice (PiS), came second (27.4%), having more than doubled their vote and seats won as compared to the 2004 EU election, but their vote fell, in comparison to the national elections of 2007. PO polled strongest in the western half of Poland, whilst PiS polled best in the eastern half, particularly the south-east.

The largest grouping on the left, the Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union (SLD-UP) came in at a distant third with 12.3% of the vote and seven seats. At one time, the biggest party in Poland, the Democratic Left Alliance's vote was fairly static over the past five years, and they have been unable to challenge the dominance of PO and PiS, since 2005. The Polish People's Party (PSL) came fourth with 7% of the vote, and won three seats. The remaining parties failed to reach the 5% threshold required to win seats.

The election result demonstrated a stability in voting patterns in the country. Previously, especially prior to 2005, the political environment in Poland was rather unpredictable, with big swings away from established parties, towards alternative parties, and ongoing splits and mergers of key parties. In 2009, however, the voting pattern did not vary too substantially from the 2007 elections, with the large parties consolidating their positions, and smaller parties failing to make a breakthrough.

Results

 Summary of the results of Poland's 7 June 2009 election to the European Parliament
2004 • 2009 • 2014 • 2019
National party European party Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Civic Platform (PO) EPP 3,271,852 44.43 20.33
25 / 50
10
Law and Justice (PiS) AEN 2,017,607 27.40 14.73
15 / 50
8
Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union (SLD–UP) PES 908,765 12.34 2.99
7 / 50
2
People's Party (PSL) EPP 516,146 7.01 0.67
3 / 50
1
Agreement for the Future – CenterLeft PES + ALDE 179,602 2.44 10.49 [3] 0 7
Right of the Republic (PR) None 143,966 1.95 new 0 0
Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (SRP) UEN 107,185 1.46 9.32 0 6
Libertas Poland (LP) LIBERTAS 83,754 1.14 14.78 [4] 0 10
Real Politics Union (UPR) None 81,146 1.10 0.77 0 0
Labour Party (PPP) EACL 51,872 0.70 0.16 0 0
Others 2,868 0.04 0
Valid votes 7,364,763 98.17
Blank and invalid votes 137,573 1.83
Totals 7,502,336 100.00 50 4
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 30,565,272 24.53 3.66
Source: Pe2009.pkw.gov.pl

Summary of 7 June 2009 European Parliament elections

 
European party Seats 2004 Seats 2009 Change
European People's Party (EPP) 19 28 +9
Union for Europe of the Nations (UEN) 13 15 +2
Party of European Socialists (PES) 8 7 -1
Libertas.eu (Libertas) - 0 -
Independence/Democracy (ID) 10 0 -10
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) 4 0 -4
54 50 -4
Source: http://pe2009.pkw.gov.pl/PUE/PL/WYN/W/index.htm

Contesting parties

Only eight single party committees and two coalition committees contested all 13 electoral districts. The draw was made in National Electoral Commission (Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza, PKW) Headquarters on 6 May 2009 at 10:00 CET.[5][6] These were:

NoCommittee
1Real Politics Union (Unia Polityki Realnej, UPR)
2Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL)
3Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona RP, SoRP)
4Polish Labour Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP)
5Libertas Poland (Libertas Polska)
6Coalition Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej – Unia Pracy, SLD-UP)
7Coalition Agreement for the Future - CenterLeft (Porozumienie dla Przyszłości, CentroLewica, PdP)
8Right of the Republic (Prawica Rzeczypospolitej, PRP)
9Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO)
10Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS)

Notes: SLD-UP – coalition of Democratic Left Alliance and Labour Union
CenterLeft – coalition of Democratic Party – demokraci.pl, Social Democracy of Poland and Greens 2004

One single party committee, one coalition committee and one committee of 'grouped independents' managed to register in at least one district:

NoCommitteeConstituency
11Polish Socialist Party (Polska Partia Socjalistyczna, PPS)Olsztyn (Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian)
12Coalition Forward Poland - Piast (Naprzód Polsko – Piast, NP-Piast)Katowice (Silesian)
11Independents I Love Poland (Kocham Polskę)Katowice (Silesian)

Note: NP-Piast – coalition of Forward Poland and Polish People's Party "Piast"

Leaders by Constituency

Constituency PO PiS SLD-UP PSL PdP Libertas Cite
Pomeranian Janusz Lewandowski Hanna Foltyn-Kubicka Longin Pastusiak Wojciech Przybylski Dariusz Szwed Tomasz Sommer
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Tadeusz Zwiefka Richard Czarnecki Janusz Zemke Eugeniusz Kłopotek Henryk Kierzkowski Ryszard Kozłowski
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Krzysztof Lisek Jacek Kurski Tadeusz Iwiński Stanisław Żelichowski Marian Szamatowicz Ryszard Bender
Warsaw Danuta Hübner Michał Kamiński Wojciech Olejniczak Janusz Piechociński Dariusz Rosati Artur Zawisza
Masovian Jacek Kozłowski Adam Bielan Marek Wikiński Jarosław Kalinowski Marek Czarnecki Dariusz Grabowski
Łódź Jacek Saryusz-Wolski Urszula Krupa Jolanta Szymanek-Deresz Adam Fronczak Magdalena Środa Bolesław Borysiuk
Greater Poland Filip Kaczmarek Konrad Szymański Marek Siwiec Andrzej Grzyb Sylwia Pusz Anna Sobecka
Lublin Lena Kolarska - Bobińska Mirosław Piotrowski Jacek Czerniak Edward Wojtas Marek Borowski Zdzisław Podkański
Subcarpathian Marian Krzaklewski Tomasz Poręba Marta Niewczas Mieczysław Janowski Krzysztof Martens Daniel Pawłowiec
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Róża Gräfin Von Thun Und Hohenstein Zbigniew Ziobro Andrzej Szejna Czesław Siekierski Janusz Onyszkiewicz Wojciech Wierzejski
Silesian Jerzy Buzek Marek Migalski Jerzy Markowski Janusz Moszyński Genowefa Grabowska Piotr Ślusarczyk
Lower Silesian and Opole Jacek Protasiewicz Ryszard Legutko Lidia Geringer De Oedenberg Stanisław Rakoczy Józef Pinior Janusz Dobrosz
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Sławomir Nitras Marek Gróbarczyk Bogusław Liberadzki Juliusz Engelhardt Radosław Popiela Krzysztof Zaremba

Opinion polls

Source Date PO PiS SLD-UP PSL PdP Undecided
CBOS March 2009 40% 17% 10% 5% 1% 21%
TNS OBOP 2–5 April 2009 54% 21% 7% 6% 28%
PBS 3–5 April 2009 49% 22% 13% 6% 3%
GFK 24–26 April 2009 47% 26% 12% 6%
Gemius 5 May 2009 40% 16% 11% 3% 2%
TNS OBOP 6–7 May 2009 47% 22% 12% 8% 2%
Homo Homini 7 May 2009 48.9% 22.4% 12.2% 4.6% 1.3% 8%
TNS OBOP 15 May 2009 48% 25% 8% 5% 5%
Gemius 19 May 2009 39% 20% 7% 6% 4%
Homo Homini 26 May 2009 45% 25% 11% 7% 3%
GFK 3–4 June 2009 51% 24% 15% 6%
SMG/KRC 5 June 2009 54% 25% 9% 7%

See also

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Wybory Europejskie – 7 czerwca 2009" (in Polish). [[copyright|]] 2009 European Parliament. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
  2. "Nowela ordynacji wyborczej zaskarżona" (in Polish). [[Copyright|]] 2009 Presspublica Sp. z o.o. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2009. External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. As the election committees: Social Democracy of Poland, Freedom Union, Greens 2004
  4. As the election committee of the League of Polish Families
  5. "Komunikat Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej" (in Polish). PKW.gov.pl. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  6. "PKW: wylosowano numery list. Z jedynką wystartuje..." (in Polish). gazeta.pl. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
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