European Parliament election, 2009 (Poland)
50 seats to the European Parliament
Powiats won by
■ – Civic Platform
■ – Law and Justice
The European Parliament election of 2009 in Poland was the election of the delegation from Poland to the European Parliament in 2009 which took place on 7 June 2009. On 13 February the Sejm (the lower house of the Polish parliament) accepted a proposal for an amendment to the electoral court act to allow voting for the European Parliament election of 2009 to take place over 2 days i.e. the 6 and 7 June 2009. However, on 5 March, the proposal was referred to the Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland by the Polish President, Lech Kaczyński.
The Polish electorate elected 50 MEPs. In the 27 EU Member States, at total of 736 MEPs were elected from 4–7 June 2009.
As anticipated, the Civic Platform (PO) won a significant victory, winning more than 44% of the vote and gaining half of the total seats. PO's vote was higher than their 41.5% achieved at the Polish parliamentary election, 2007, and to date was the highest vote achieved by a Polish political party to either the Sejm (national legislature) or the European Parliament. Law and Justice (PiS), came second (27.4%), having more than doubled their vote and seats won as compared to the 2004 EU election, but their vote fell, in comparison to the national elections of 2007. PO polled strongest in the western half of Poland, whilst PiS polled best in the eastern half, particularly the south-east.
The largest grouping on the left, the Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union (SLD-UP) came in at a distant third with 12.3% of the vote and seven seats. At one time, the biggest party in Poland, the Democratic Left Alliance's vote was fairly static over the past five years, and they have been unable to challenge the dominance of PO and PiS, since 2005. The Polish People's Party (PSL) came fourth with 7% of the vote, and won three seats. The remaining parties failed to reach the 5% threshold required to win seats.
The election result demonstrated a stability in voting patterns in the country. Previously, especially prior to 2005, the political environment in Poland was rather unpredictable, with big swings away from established parties, towards alternative parties, and ongoing splits and mergers of key parties. In 2009, however, the voting pattern did not vary too substantially from the 2007 elections, with the large parties consolidating their positions, and smaller parties failing to make a breakthrough.
|2004 • 2009 • 2014 • 2019|
|National party||European party||Votes||%||+/–||Seats||+/–|
|Civic Platform (PO)||EPP||3,271,852||44.43||20.33
25 / 50
|Law and Justice (PiS)||AEN||2,017,607||27.40||14.73
15 / 50
|Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union (SLD–UP)||PES||908,765||12.34||2.99
7 / 50
|People's Party (PSL)||EPP||516,146||7.01||0.67
3 / 50
|Agreement for the Future – CenterLeft||PES + ALDE||179,602||2.44||10.49
|Right of the Republic (PR)||None||143,966||1.95||new||0||0 |
|Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (SRP)||UEN||107,185||1.46||9.32
|Libertas Poland (LP)||LIBERTAS||83,754||1.14||14.78
|Real Politics Union (UPR)||None||81,146||1.10||0.77
|Labour Party (PPP)||EACL||51,872||0.70||0.16
|Blank and invalid votes||137,573||1.83|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||30,565,272||24.53||3.66
|European party||Seats 2004||Seats 2009||Change|
|European People's Party (EPP)||19||28||+9|
|Union for Europe of the Nations (UEN)||13||15||+2|
|Party of European Socialists (PES)||8||7||-1|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)||4||0||-4|
Only eight single party committees and two coalition committees contested all 13 electoral districts. The draw was made in National Electoral Commission (Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza, PKW) Headquarters on 6 May 2009 at 10:00 CET. These were:
|1||Real Politics Union (Unia Polityki Realnej, UPR)|
|2||Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL)|
|3||Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona RP, SoRP)|
|4||Polish Labour Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP)|
|5||Libertas Poland (Libertas Polska)|
|6||Coalition Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej – Unia Pracy, SLD-UP)|
|7||Coalition Agreement for the Future - CenterLeft (Porozumienie dla Przyszłości, CentroLewica, PdP)|
|8||Right of the Republic (Prawica Rzeczypospolitej, PRP)|
|9||Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO)|
|10||Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS)|
One single party committee, one coalition committee and one committee of 'grouped independents' managed to register in at least one district:
|11||Polish Socialist Party (Polska Partia Socjalistyczna, PPS)||Olsztyn (Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian)|
|12||Coalition Forward Poland - Piast (Naprzód Polsko – Piast, NP-Piast)||Katowice (Silesian)|
|11||Independents I Love Poland (Kocham Polskę)||Katowice (Silesian)|
Leaders by Constituency
|TNS OBOP||2–5 April 2009||54%||21%||7%||6%||–||28%|
|PBS||3–5 April 2009||49%||22%||13%||6%||3%||–|
|GFK||24–26 April 2009||47%||26%||12%||6%||–||–|
|Gemius||5 May 2009||40%||16%||11%||3%||2%||–|
|TNS OBOP||6–7 May 2009||47%||22%||12%||8%||2%||–|
|Homo Homini||7 May 2009||48.9%||22.4%||12.2%||4.6%||1.3%||8%|
|TNS OBOP||15 May 2009||48%||25%||8%||5%||5%|
|Gemius||19 May 2009||39%||20%||7%||6%||4%||–|
|Homo Homini||26 May 2009||45%||25%||11%||7%||3%||–|
|GFK||3–4 June 2009||51%||24%||15%||6%||–||–|
|SMG/KRC||5 June 2009||54%||25%||9%||7%||–||–|
- "Wybory Europejskie – 7 czerwca 2009" (in Polish). [[copyright|]] 2009 European Parliament. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
- "Nowela ordynacji wyborczej zaskarżona" (in Polish). [[Copyright|]] 2009 Presspublica Sp. z o.o. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2009. External link in
- As the election committees: Social Democracy of Poland, Freedom Union, Greens 2004
- As the election committee of the League of Polish Families
- "Komunikat Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej" (in Polish). PKW.gov.pl. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
- "PKW: wylosowano numery list. Z jedynką wystartuje..." (in Polish). gazeta.pl. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.