European Parliament election, 1994 (Netherlands)

Netherlands European Parliament election, 1994

9 June 1994

31 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 35.69%

  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Hanja Maij-Weggen Hedy d'Ancona Gijs de Vries
Party CDA PvdA VVD
Alliance EPP PES ELDR
Seats won
10 / 31
8 / 31
6 / 31
Seat change 0 0 3
Popular vote 1,271,855 945,869 740,443
Percentage 30.77% 22.88% 17.91%
Swing 3.8% 7.8% 3.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Jan-Willem Bertens Leen van der Waal Nel van Dijk
Party D66 SGP/RPF/GPV GL
Alliance ELDR EN /I-EN Greens-EFA
Seats won
4 / 31
2 / 31
1 / 31
Seat change 3 1 1
Popular vote 481,843 322,793 154,547
Percentage 11.66% 7.81% 3.74%
Swing 5.7% 1.9% 3.3%

Elections, candidates and members
of the European Parliament
for the Netherlands
(1952-58) ECSC delegation
(1958-79) EP delegation
(1979-84) (1st election - candidates - members)
(1984-89) (2nd election - candidates - members)
(1989-94) (3rd election - candidates - members)
(1994-99) (4th election - candidates - members)
(1999-04) (5th election - candidates - members)
(2004-09) (6th election - candidates - members)
(2009-14) (7th election - candidates - members)
(2014-19) (8th election - candidates - members)
(2019-24) (9th election - candidates - members)

The European Parliament election of 1994 in the Netherlands was the election of MEP representing Netherlands constituency for the 1994–1999 term of the European Parliament. It was part of the wider 1994 European election. It was held on 9 June 1994. Eleven parties competed in a D'Hondt type election for 31 seats. (up from 25).

Background

Combined lists

Several parties combined in one list to take part in this European Election and increase their chance on a seat in the European Parliament. These combined lists are:

  1. SGP, RPF and GPV

Electoral alliances

No lists formed an electoral alliance.

Voting right

All subjects from other member states in the Netherlands were allowed to vote this election. It's no longer necessary that the member state of which the subject is from does the same. Only for this election no ahead registration had to take place to take part.

These people got right to vote in this fifth election for the European Parliament in 1994 in the Netherlands:[1]

  • Everyone who was allowed to vote in the Dutch parliament elections;
  • Dutch who are resident anywhere in the world and did not already have voting rights for the Dutch Parliament elections; (except for Dutch living in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, because they vote for the Estates of the Netherlands Antilles. Dutch from the Netherlands Antilles en Aruba are allowed to vote for European Elections if they lived for at least 10 years in the Netherlands.)
  • Subjects of one of the other Member States which have residence in the Netherlands.

Numbering of the candidates list

The official order and names of candidate lists:

 Candidate lists for the European Parliament election in the Netherlands
1994
Lists
List English translation List name (Dutch)
1 list CDA - European People's Party CDA – Europese Volkspartij
2 list P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten
3 list VVD/European Liberal-Democrats VVD/Europese Liberaal-Democraten
4 list D66
5 list SGP, GPV and RPF SGP, GPV en RPF
6 list A Better Future... Een Betere Toekomst...
7 list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij)
8 list The Greens De Groenen
9 list List De Groen Lijst De Groen
10 list CD
11 list GREENLEFT GROENLINKS

Results

Dutch political parties

The liberal VVD and D66 parties and the orthodox Protestant alliance of Political Reformed Party, Reformatory Political Federation and Reformed Political Alliance profited from the expansion of the number of seats. While the Christian Democratic Appeal and the Labour Party lost a considerable number of votes, but remained stabile in seats. 35.69% of Dutch citizens turned out on election day.

 Summary of the 9 June 1994 European Parliament election results in the Netherlands
1994
Lists Votes % Change Seats Change
List English translation List name (Dutch) EU Party EP Group
list CDA - European People's Party CDA – Europese Volkspartij EPP 1,271,855 30.77 3.8
10 / 31
0
list PvdA - European Social Democrats PvdA - Europese Sociaaldemocraten PES 945,869 22.88 7.8
8 / 31
0
list VVD - European Liberal-Democrats VVD - Europese Liberaal-Democraten ELDR 740,443 17.91 3.7
6 / 31
3
list D66 ELDR 481,843 11.66 5.7
4 / 31
3
list SGP, GPV, and RPF SGP, GPV, en RPF none EN /I-EN 322,793 7.81 1.9
2 / 31
1
list GreenLeft GroenLinks EFGP G/EFA 154,547 3.74 3.3
1 / 31
1
list The Greens De Groenen EFGP G/EFA 97,206 2.35 2.4
0 / 31
0
list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij) none 55,311 1.34 0.6
0 / 31
0
list CD none 43,299 1.05 0.2
0 / 31
0
list A better Future... Een Betere Toekomst... none 11,547 0.28 new
0 / 31
0
list List de Groen Lijst de Groen none 8,844 0.21 new
0 / 31
0
Valid votes 4,133,557 99.68 0.21
Blank and invalid votes 13,173 0.32 0.21
Totals 4,146,730 100.00 31 6
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 11,618,677 35.69 11.79
Source: [2]

European groups

 Summary of the 9 June 1994 European Parliament elections in the Netherlands
1994
European group Seats 1989 Seats 1994 Change
European People's Party EPP 10 10 0
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party ELDR 4 10 6
Party of European Socialists PES 8 8 0
Green Group in the European Parliament G/EFA 2 1 1
Europe of Nations EN 0 2 2
Non-Inscrits NI 1 0 1
25 31 6

Elected members

Source:[3]

Christian Democratic Appeal

  1. Hanja Maij-Weggen (top candidate)
  2. Peter Pex
  3. Wim van Velzen
  4. Bartho Pronk
  5. Arie Oostlander
  6. Jan Sonneveld
  7. Karla Peijs
  8. Ria Oomen-Ruijten
  9. Jim Janssen van Raaij
  10. Pam Cornelissen

Dutch Labour Party

  1. Piet Dankert
  2. Leonie van Bladel
  3. Jan Marinus Wiersma
  4. Frits Castricum
  5. Hedy d'Ancona (top candidate)
  6. Wim van Velzen
  7. Maartje van Putten
  8. Alman Metten

People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

  1. Jessica Larive
  2. Jan Mulder
  3. Elly Plooij-van Gorsel
  4. Gijs de Vries (top candidate)
  5. Jan-Kees Wiebenga
  6. Florus Wijsenbeek

Democrats 66

  1. Johanna Boogerd-Quaak
  2. Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
  3. Doeke Eisma
  4. Jan-Willem Bertens (top candidate)

SGP/RPF/GPV

  1. Hans Blokland (GPV)
  2. Leen van der Waal (SGP) (top candidate)

GreenLeft

  1. Nel van Dijk (top candidate)

MEPs period 1994–1999

Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 1994–1999 as a result of this election.

 MEPs for the Netherlands elected to the 4th European Parliament session
1994-1999
Name Sex National party EP Group Period Preference vote
Hedy d'Ancona Female      Labour Party      PES 19 July 1994 – July 1999
Jan-Willem Bertens Male      Democrats 66      ELDR 24 July 1989 – 20 July 1999
Leonie van Bladel Female      Labour Party      PES 19 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Hans Blokland Male      Reformed Political Alliance      EN /I-EN 19 July 1994 – 14 July 2009
Johanna Boogerd-Quaak Female      Democrats 66      ELDR 5 February 2003 – 20 July 2004
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst Male      Democrats 66      ELDR 19 July 1994 – 8 June 1999
Frits Castricum Male      Labour Party      PES 19 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Pam Cornelissen Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 24 July 1984 – 20 July 1999
Rijk van Dam Male      Reformatory Political Federation      I-EN September 1997 – 20 July 2004
Piet Dankert Male      Labour Party      PES 19 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Nel van Dijk Female      GreenLeft      G January 1987 – 1 September 1998
Doeke Eisma Male      Democrats 66      ELDR 19 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Robert Jan Goedbloed Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR September 1998 – 20 July 1999
Elly Plooij-van Gorsel Female      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 19 July 1994 – 20 July 2004
Joost Lagendijk Male      GreenLeft      G 1 September 1998 – 14 July 2009
Jessica Larive Female      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 24 July 1984 – 20 July 1999
Hanja Maij-Weggen Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 19 July 1994 – 1 October 2003
Alman Metten Male      Labour Party      PES 24 July 1984 – 20 July 1999
Jan Mulder Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 19 July 1994 – 14 July 2009
22 June 2010 – 1 July 2014
Ria Oomen-Ruijten Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 - 1 July 2014
Arie Oostlander Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 – 20 July 2004
Karla Peijs Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 – 27 May 2003
Peter Pex Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 19 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Bartho Pronk Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 20 November 1989 – 20 July 2004
Maartje van Putten Female      Labour Party      PES 25 July 1989 – 20 July 1999
Jim Janssen van Raaij Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP October 1986 – 20 July 1999
Jan Sonneveld Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 – 20 July 1999
Wim van Velzen Male      Labour Party      PES 25 July 1989 – 20 July 1999
Wim van Velzen Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 19 July 1994 – 20 July 2004
Gijs de Vries Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 24 July 1984 – 2 Augustus 1998
Leen van der Waal Male      Reformed Political Party      EN /I-EN 24 July 1984 – 2 September 1997
Jan-Kees Wiebenga Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 19 July 1994 – October 2001
Jan Marinus Wiersma Male      Labour Party      PES 19 July 1994 – 14 July 2009
Florus Wijsenbeek Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ELDR 24 July 1984 – 20 July 1999
Source: [4]

References

  1. Core data Dutch EP elections 2009 Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. in .pdf and Dutch
  2. Verkiezingsuitslagen van de kiesraad
  3. http://www.parlement.com/9291000/modulesf/gi2bg53k Dutch MEPs since 1952 Parlementair Documentatie Centrum van de Universiteit Leiden (Dutch)
  4. Dutch MEPs Parlementair Documentatie Centrum
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