European Parliament election, 1989 (Italy)
All 81 Italian seats to the European Parliament
European election results map. Light Blue denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Brown and Gray and denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.
The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.
For more than 35 years, Italian Communists had thought that their final victory was no more than a matter of time. However, the deindustrialization of Italy during the '80s showed that the time had expired. The decline of the traditional opponents of the Christian Democracy opened the door to new forms of protests: the Green Lists and, in Northern Italy, the Lombard League.
The government of Ciriaco De Mita did not survive to this vote: declining Italian Republican Party fired its leader Giovanni Spadolini, and the new secretary Giorgio La Malfa retired his support to the old PM. The Christian Democracy so chose a very expert new PM: Giulio Andreotti.
|National party||European group||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/–||Seats||+/–|
|Christian Democracy||EPP||Giovanni Goria||11,451,053||32.90||0.06
|Italian Communist Party||COM||Achille Occhetto||9,598,369||27.58||5.75
|Italian Socialist Party||SOC||Bettino Craxi||5,151,929||14.80||3.59
|Italian Social Movement||NI||Gianfranco Fini||1,918,650||5.51||0.96
|Liberals – Republicans – Federalists||LDR / NI||Jas Gawronski||1,532,388||4.40||1.69
|Europe Greens – Green List||G||Gianfranco Amendola||1,317,119||3.78||New||3||New|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||SOC||Antonio Cariglia||945,383||2.72||0.77
|Rainbow Greens||G||Edo Ronchi||830,980||2.39||New||2||New|
|Lombard League – Northern Alliance||RBW||Umberto Bossi||636,242||1.83||1.36
|Proletarian Democracy||G||Eugenio Melandri||449,639||1.29||0.15
|Antiprohibitionists on Drugs||G||Marco Taradash||430,150||1.24||2.43
|Federalism (PSd'Az–UV–MF–UfS–UPV–SSK)||RBW||Mario Melis||207,739||0.60||0.05
|South Tyrolean People's Party||EPP||Joachim Dalsass||172,383||0.50||0.06
|Blank and invalid votes||2,768,442||7.37|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||46,346,961||81.07||1.40
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|