Esther Hayut

Esther Hayut
President of the Supreme Court of Israel
Assumed office
26 October 2017 (2017-10-26)
Deputy Hanan Melcer
Preceded by Miriam Naor
Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel
In office
26 March 2004 (2004-03-26)  26 October 2017 (2017-10-26)
Personal details
Born (1953-10-16) October 16, 1953
Herzliya, Israel
Alma mater Tel Aviv University

Esther Hayut (Hebrew: אסתר חיות; born 16 October 1953) is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel. She was sworn in on 26 October 2017, and is expected to serve as Chief Justice until October 2023.[1]

Early life

Esther Hayut (née: Esti) was born in Herzliya in the Shaviv ma'abara (today the Yad HaTesha neighborhood) to Yehuda and Yehudit Avni, who were both Romanian Holocaust survivors.[2] Her parents divorced when she was a toddler, and her father emigrated to the United Kingdom. She grew up in her grandparents' home in the Neve Amal neighborhood of Herzliya.[3] At age 17, she moved to Eilat to live with her mother, who had remarried. She completed high school in Eilat in 1971. After graduating high school, she was conscripted into the Israel Defense Forces, where she served in the military music band of Central Command.[4] After her discharge from the army, Hayut attended law school at Tel Aviv University, graduating in 1977.[5][6] During her law studies, she also met her husband, David Hayut, with whom she had two sons. Hayut interned at the law firm of Haim Yosef Zadok, a former Israeli Minister of Justice, where she stayed on to work as an associate lawyer between 1977 and 1985. After leaving the firm, Hayut opened an independent office together with her husband, specializing in commercial and tort law.

Judicial career

In March 1990 Hayut was appointed as a judge in the Tel Aviv Magistrate Court,[5] and in 1996 was appointed to the Tel Aviv District Court where she gained tenure in 1997.[5][7] In March 2003 Hayut was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel, where she gained tenure in March 2004.[5]

In May 2015 Hayut was appointed Chairperson of the Central Election Committee for the 21st Knesset.[8]

Hayut was elected to replace Miriam Naor as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 2017 and serve as such until 2023, according to the seniority method used in Israel.[9]

See also


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