Es (Cyrillic)

Cyrillic letter Es
Numeric value: 200
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

Es с; italics: С с) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar fricative /s/, like the pronunciation of s in "sand".

History

The Cyrillic letter Es is derived from a variant of the Greek letter Sigma known as lunate sigma ϲ), in use in the Greek-speaking world in early medieval times. It has no connection to the Latin letter C (C c), which is a descendant of the Greek letter Gamma γ); however, many languages (for different reasons) apply the value of /s/ to the Latin letter C, especially before the vowels e and i (examples being English, French, Mexican Spanish); see hard and soft C. As its name suggests, Es is actually related to the Latin S.

The name of Es in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was слово (slovo), meaning "word" or "speech".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Es had a value of 200.

Form

In the modern Latinized Cyrillic fonts in use today, the Cyrillic letter Es looks exactly like the Latin letter C, being one of six letters in the Cyrillic alphabet that share appearances with Latin alphabet letters but are pronounced differently (or at least differently from the most common pronunciation).

Usage

As used in the alphabets of various languages, Es represents the following sounds:

The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language; for details consult the articles on the languages.

LanguagePosition in
alphabet
Pronunciation
Belarusian19th/s/, /sʲ/
Bulgarian18th/s/, /sʲ/
Macedonian22nd/s/
Russian19th/s/, /sʲ/
Serbian21st/s/
Ukrainian22nd/s/, /sʲ/
Ossetic (Iron) 23rd /ʃ/~/s̠/

Computing codes

CharacterСс
Unicode nameCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ESCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ESCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER WIDE ES
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode1057U+04211089U+04417299U+1C83
UTF-8208 161D0 A1209 129D1 81225 178 131E1 B2 83
Numeric character referenceССссᲃᲃ
KOI8-R and KOI8-U243F3211D3
Code page 855228E4227E3
Windows-1251209D1241F1
ISO-8859-5193C1225E1
Macintosh Cyrillic14591241F1
  • The dictionary definition of С at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of с at Wiktionary
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