Epiglottal stop

Epiglottal stop
(pharyngeal stop)
ʡ
IPA number 173
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʡ
Unicode (hex) U+02A1
X-SAMPA >\
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The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʡ.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]

Features

Features of the epiglottal stop:

  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Alyutor[ʡujamtawilʔ]'people'
AmisQuQul[ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ]'fog'May have a trilled release, ʢ].
ArchiгӀарз[ʡarz]'complaint'
Dahalo[2][ndoːʡo]'floor'
HaidaNorthern dialectsantl[ʡʌntɬ]'water'Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut[ɲɔˑhɔˑʡ]'tree'

See also

References

  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. Maddieson et al. (1993:27, 30, 33)

Bibliography

  • Maddieson, Ian; Spajić, Siniša; Sands, Bonny; Ladefoged, Peter (1993), "Phonetic structures of Dahalo", in Maddieson, Ian, UCLA working papers in phonetics: Fieldwork studies of targeted languages, 84, Los Angeles: The UCLA Phonetics Laboratory Group, pp. 25–65 
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