Eparchy of Bihać and Petrovac
|Eparchy of Bihać and Petrovac|
|Territory||Western parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Headquarters||Bosanski Petrovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Sui iuris church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|Established||1925, reestablished 1990|
The Eparchy of Bihać and Petrovac (Serbian: Епархија бихаћко-петровачка) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church with its seat in Bosanski Petrovac, in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has jurisdiction over the western regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2017, Bishop of Bihać and Petrovac is Sergije Karanović.
Until 1900, territory of this eparchy for centuries belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Eparchy of Dabar and Bosnia. Upon the request of the Eastern Orthodox Serbs from its western regions, new Eparchy of Banja Luka was created in that year, with seat in the city of Banja Luka. Regions of Bihać and Bosanski Petrovac also belonged to that newly formed eparchy. In 1918, all Serbian Orthodox bishops in Bosnia and Herzegovina reached a unanimous decision to join with other Serbian ecclesiastical provinces into united Serbian Orthodox Church. Arrangements with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople were made, and the canonical process of unification was completed in 1920.
Regions of Bihać and Bosanski Petrovac belonged to the Eparchy of Banja Luka until 1925 when new Eparchy of Bihać was formed. Its first bishop was Venjamin Taušanović. In 1931, when Serbian Orthodox Church adopted its Ecclesiastical Constitution, process of reorganization of eparchies was initiated and their number was reduced. One of the abolished eparchies was the short lived Eparchy of Bihać and its territory was returned to Eparchy of Banja Luka. In 1990, upon the requests of the Eastern Orthodox Serbs from the region, eparchy was restored by the Holy Assembly of the Serbian Orthodox Church, under the new name: Eparchy of Bihać and Petrovac, with seat in Bosanski Petrovac. First Bishop of the renewed eparchy was Hrizostom Jević, from 1991 to 2013, when he was transferred to the Eparchy of Zvornik and Tuzla. In the same year, Atanasije Rakita was elected new Bishop of Bihać and Petrovac and enthroned on 11 August (2013) in Petrovac by Serbian Patriarch Irinej.. In 2017, he was transferred to the Eparchy of Mileševa, and Sergije Karanović was elected new bishop of Bihać and Petrovac.
- Venjamin Taušanović (1925–1929)
- Hrizostom Jević (1991–2013)
- Atanasije Rakita (2013–2017)
- Sergije Karanović (2017–present)
- Kašić, Dušan, ed. (1965). Serbian Orthodox Church: Its past and present. 1. Belgrade: Serbian Orthodox Church.
- Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Евро, Унирекс, Каленић.
- Bataković, Dušan T. (1996). The Serbs of Bosnia & Herzegovina: History and Politics. Dialogue Association.
- Mileusnić, Slobodan (1997). Spiritual Genocide: A survey of destroyed, damaged and desecrated churches, monasteries and other church buildings during the war 1991–1995 (1997). Belgrade: Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
- Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
- Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitanates with Annotated Hierarch Catalogs. Wildside Press LLC.