Elections in Andorra

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politics and government of
Andorra
Constitution
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There are two types of elections in Andorra: parliamentary elections and local elections. The 28 members of the General Council of the Valleys (Consell General de les Valls) are elected in parliamentary elections for a maximum term of four years. In the local elections, the council members of the seven parishes of Andorra are elected for a four-year term.

Elections in Andorra are regulated since the promulgation of the Nova Reforma in 1867.

Election system

The current electoral law was approved in 2014 and replaces the 1993 law. Only people with Andorran nationality and over 18 years old are eligible to vote and to become a candidate.

Parliamentary elections

All 28 seats of the General Council are elected at the same time. Half of the seats are elected in two-member constituencies based on the seven parishes, with a plurality party block voting method. The remaining 14 are elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation with closed lists. Seats are allocated using the largest remainder method with Hare quota.

Voters have two votes: one for the parish seats, and the other for the PR.

Following the election, the Head of Government (Prime Minister) and the Speaker are elected indirectly by the members of the parliament.

Local elections

The municipal councils (consells comunals), which is the legislature of the parish, must have 10, 12, 14 or 16 seats. The number of seats is determined by the municipal council.

The winning party takes one half of the seats. The other half of the seats are allocated with proportional representation using the largest remainder method, with Hare quota (including the winning party). Lists are closed. With this method, the largest party secures an absolute majority.

Following the election, the cònsol major (mayor) and cònsol menor (deputy mayor) are elected in each parish indirectly by the municipal councillors.

Latest elections

Party Constituency PR Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Democrats for Andorra5,66239.36105,44837.03515−5
Liberal Party of Andorra3,96227.5444,07327.6848New
PS+VERDS+IC+I3,39323.5903,46223.5333−3
Social Democracy and Progress1,3679.5001,72811.7422New
Invalid/blank votes1,6891,373
Total16,0731001416,08410014280
Registered voters/turnout24,51265.5724,51265.61
Source: Elections Andorra

History and past elections

In 1866, a social revolution ended with the promulgation of the New Reform (Nova Reforma) by the Co-princes of Andorra. This decree changed the way the parliament and local councils were elected. Furthermore, a vote per home was granted. The introduced election system was a two-round plurality-at-large voting system. This system remained until the approval of the new Constitution and Electoral Law in 1993.

In 1933, universal male suffrage was introduced. Women's suffrage was introduced in 1970.

From 1867 until 1979, parliamentary and local elections were held every two years, but only one half of the seats were up for election. Since 1981, parliamentary elections are hold every four years and all members are renovated simultaneously. Same for local elections since 1983. In 1982, a multi-option referendum was held in order to change the election system. Finally, no option had a majority, and the traditional system remained. An election law was made in 1987, and it included this system.

In 1993, with the adoption of the new Constitution, Andorra ceased to be a feudal country and a new electoral law was made. Parties were also legalised by then. This law combined the proportional and majority systems. The current law is a revision of the 1993 law made in 2014, and the system is the same.

Election results 1993–2015

Summary of the nationwide constituency results for the General Council elections, 1993–2015
Election IDN AND
PD
UL
PLA
ND
PS
Vd'A RD
APC
DA SDP Oth. Turnout
1993 15.3 26.4 22.0 19.1 17.2 81.0
1997 11.4 27.1 40.5 12.3 81.3
2001 22.7 44.1 28.7 81.6
2005 41.2 38.7 3.5 6.2 11.0 81.4
2009 32.3 45.0 3.2 18.9 75.3
2011 (DA) 34.8 3.3 6.7 55.1 6.7 74.1
2015 27.7 23.5 (PS) 37.0 11.7 65.6
Seats won by party at the General Council elections, 1993–2015
Election IDN AND
PD
UL
PLA
ND
PS
RD
APC
DA SDP Local list Oth. Total
1993 2 8 5 5 4 4 28
1997 2 6 16 2 2 28
2001 5 15 6 2 28
2005 14 12 (PS) 2 28
2009 11 14 3 28
2011 (DA) 6 20 2 28
2015 8 3 15 2 28

See also

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