El (Cyrillic)

Numeric value: 30
Phonetic usage: [l]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

El л; italics: Л л) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

El commonly represents the alveolar lateral approximant /l/. In Slavic languages it may be either palatalized or slightly velarized; see below.

Allography

In some typefaces the Cyrillic letter El has a grapheme which may be confused with the Cyrillic letter Pe п; italics: П п). Note that Pe has a straight left leg, without the hook. An alternative form of the letter El (Л л; italics: Л л) closely resembles the Greek letter lambda (Λ). This form is more common in Bulgarian, Macedonian, and Serbian.

History

The Cyrillic letter El was derived from the Greek letter lambda λ).

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was людиѥ (ljudije), meaning "people".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, El had a value of 30.

Pronunciation

As used in the alphabets of various languages, El represents the following sounds:

The /l/ phoneme in Slavic languages has two realizations: hard ([l], [ɫ], or [lˠ], exact pronunciation varies) and soft (pronounced as [lʲ]) – see palatalization for details. Serbian and Macedonian orthographies use a separate letter Љ for the soft /l/ – it looks as a ligature of El with the soft sign (Ь). In these languages, Л denotes only hard /l/. Pronunciation of hard /l/ is sometimes given as [l], but it is always more velar than [l] in French or German.

Slavic languages except Serbian and Macedonian use another orthographic convention to distinguish between hard and soft /l/, so Л can denote either variant depending on the subsequent letter.

The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language.

LanguagePosition in
alphabet
Pronunciation
Belarusian13th/ɫ/, /lʲ/
Bulgarian12th/l~ɫ/, /lʲ/
Macedonian14th/l/
Mongolian13th/ɮ/, /ɮʲ/
Ossetian16th/ɫ~l/
Russian13th/ɫ/, /lʲ/
Serbian13th/l/
Ukrainian16th/ɫ/, /lʲ/

In addition, л was formerly used in Chukchi to represent the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative /ɬ/ but has since been replaced by ԓ.

Computing codes

CharacterЛл
Unicode nameCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER LAMDACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER LAMDA
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode1051U+041B1083U+043B
UTF-8208 155D0 9B208 187D0 BB
Numeric character referenceЛЛлл
KOI8-R and KOI8-U236EC204CC
Code page 855209D1208D0
Code page 8661398B171AB
Windows-1251203CB235EB
ISO-8859-5187BB219DB
Macintosh Cyrillic1398B235EB
  • The dictionary definition of Л at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of л at Wiktionary
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