Eiderstedt Frisian

Eiderstedt Frisian
Eidersteder Friesisch / Ejderstedfrisisk
Region peninsula Eiderstedt
Ethnicity North Frisians
Extinct 18th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Eiderstedt Frisian (German: Eiderstedter Friesisch, Danish: Ejderstedfrisisk) was a dialect of the North Frisian language which was originally spoken on Eiderstedt, formerly part of the Danish Duchy of Schleswig. The Frisian language became extinct on Eiderstedt in mid-18th-Century.[1]

In contrast to the northern hundreds, Eiderstedt was economically strong and wealthy and was oriented towards the southern, Low German parts of Holstein. During the 16th century there was moreover a strong Dutch immigration.[2]

Eiderstedt Frisian is attributed to the insular dialects, but there are also characteristics of the mainland dialects. The difference between the insular and the mainland dialects dates back to the Frisian immigrants during several different centuries.


  • Dietrich Hofmann: Zum Eiderstedter Friesisch. In: Niederdeutsche Mitteilungen 14. S. 59–68.
  • Nils Århammar: Das Nordfriesische im Sprachkontakt In: Horst Haider Munske (Hrsg.): Handbuch des Friesischen / Handbook of Frisian Studies. Tübingen 2001, ISBN 978-3-484-73048-9, S. 328 f.


  1. Rogby, Ove (1967). "Niederdeutsch auf friesischem Substrat". Studia Germanistica Upsaliensia (in German) (5): 19.
  2. Steensen, Thomas (2010). "Holländer". Geschichte in Schleswig-Holstein (in German). Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte. Archived from the original on 2015-01-18.
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