Efatese language

Created by Daniel Macdonald
Date 19th century
Setting and usage evangelism on Efate Island, now in Vanuatu
Sources the Oceanic languages of Efate
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog efat1235[1]

Efatese is an artificial mixed language of Efate Island in Vanuatu. There are half a dozen languages spoken on Efate, of which the languages of North Efate and South Efate are not particularly closely related, and when missionary activity began on the island, at Port Havannah in the northwest of the island, a mixture of the target languages was invented for evangelism and scripture, in preference to promoting one indigenous language over the others.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Efatese". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Robert Henry Codrington (1885) "Fate, Sandwich Islands", in The Melanesian Languages, 471–476. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Daniel MacDonald (1889) "Grammar of the Efatese language", in Daniel MacDonald (ed.), Three New Hebrides Languages (Efatese, Eromangan, Santo), 1–58. Melbourne: Edgerton and Moore.
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