Eesti Ekspress (Estonian Express) was the first politically independent newspaper in the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic during the Soviet control of Estonia. In March 2010 the paper was restarted as a magazine.
History and profile
The paper was founded in 1989. The first issue was published on 22 September 1989. Making use of Gorbachev's policies of perestroika and glasnost, it was established as a weekly newspaper in 1989 by Hans H. Luik and others. The headquarters is in Tallinn. The paper is published by AS Eesti Ajalehed. In essentially the same format, although with a number of appendices, it is still every week. The day of the issue changed from Thursday to Wednesday on 30 April 2014.
Success of Eesti Ekspress led to Hans H. Luik's becoming an established media mogul.
Eesti Ekspress has a liberal stance and is one of the investigative publications in Estonia. The newspaper has broken a number of important stories and been known for its innovation-mindedness. Considerably thicker than other newspapers of the late Soviet era, it was one of the first to make use of digital publishing technologies and photographic typesetting. Consequently, it has been notorious for popularising the incorrect usage of 'sh' and 'zh' in substitution of the characters 'š' and 'ž', which in late 1980s were rather inconvenient for computer processing but appear in a number of Estonian loanwords (e.g. garaaž, borrowed from French garage and tšau from Italian ciao) and names transliterated from Slavic languages, most importantly, Russian.
- "Overview of science reporting in the EU" (PDF). European Commission. 2007. p. 61. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- "Eesti Ekspress". Euro Topics. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- Kai Joost (12 February 2010). "Eesti Ekspress switches to mag format". Baltic Reports. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- "Factsheet. Eesti Ekspress". Publicitas. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- Official website (in Estonian)