The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in late 2002
|Nickname(s): "Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley"|
Location of Edinburg, Texas
|Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°WCoordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W|
|• City Council||
Mayor Richard Molina |
Jorge "Coach" Salinas
|• City Manager||Richard M. Hinojosa|
|• Total||37.69 sq mi (97.62 km2)|
|• Land||37.63 sq mi (97.47 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||95 ft (29 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||87,650|
|• Density||2,327/sq mi (898.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1335095|
In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community at this site. The town square was located at the current crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107. The town was named "Chapin" in honor of one of the developers. A local myth relates that Edinburg became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat. However, historical records show more practical reasons. The original Hidalgo County Courthouse in the city of Hidalgo was under frequent danger of flooding because of the town's proximity to the Rio Grande, which sometimes encroached on the building. Additionally, Texas law required that the courthouse be close to the geographic center of the county. When Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, the community changed its name to "Edinburg" to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was officially named in 1911 and incorporated in 1919.
Edinburg is located in south-central Hidalgo County at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W (26.304225, -98.163751). It is bordered to the south by Pharr and to the southwest by McAllen, the largest city in the county. U.S. Route 281 (Interstate 69C) runs through the east side of Edinburg. US 281 leads north 103 miles (166 km) to Alice and 229 miles (369 km) to San Antonio. Downtown McAllen is 10 miles (16 km) to the south and west.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Edinburg has a total area of 37.7 square miles (97.6 km2), of which 37.6 square miles (97.5 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.16%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Population as of the census of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the "other race" were Hispanic or Latino.
There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.
In the city, the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
In December 2012, officials announced the merger of the existing University of Texas-Pan American in Edinburg and the University of Texas at Brownsville into a regional institution. A year later, in December 2013, University of Texas System officials decided to name the new institution the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. UTRGV's creation garnered much media attention because of its expected economic, social and health care impact on the region. UTRGV is unique in that it is the first time the UT System has merged existing campuses in such a way. UTRGV will also bring the first medical school to the Rio Grande Valley region. The first class of UTRGV students began courses in fall 2015.
Edinburg is also the home of the Rio Grande Bible Institute and located in the South Texas College District.
Primary and secondary education
Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising four high schools, one alternative secondary school, six middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen's Gonzalez Elementary.
In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy (BETA) is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and The Science Academy of South Texas.
The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school.
As Edinburg is the county seat of Hidalgo County, most major county offices are located there including the Criminal District Attorney's Office, the District Courts and County Courts at Law of Hidalgo County, the Community Supervision and Corrections Department, the Hidalgo County Juvenile Probation Department, the Hidalgo County Sheriff's Department and the offices of the County Judge, the Tax Assessor/Collector, the County Treasurer, County Auditor and Veterans Services. Hidalgo County Commissioner's Precinct Four represents Edinburg on the Hidalgo County County Commissioner's Court.
Edinburg City Council
- Mayor - Richard Molina
- Council Member Place 1 - Jorge "Coach" Salinas
- Council Member Place 2 - Gilbert Enriquez
- Council Member Place 3 - Homer Jasso Jr.
- Council Member Place 4 - David Torres
Edinburg City Council meetings are held on the first and third Tuesday of every month starting at 6 p.m in the Edinburg City Hall, Council Chambers. Anyone can attend the meetings and voice any concerns.
Several state agencies have offices in Edinburg. This includes the Thirteenth Court of Appeals, the Texas Attorney General's Child Support Unit, the Texas departments of Health Services, Human Services, Protective and Regulatory Services and Public Safety. The Texas Youth Commission has a facility near Edinburg. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates two facilities, the Lopez Unit and the Segovia Unit, in Edinburg.
The United States Border Patrol Rio Grande Valley Sector Headquarters is at 4400 South Expressway 281, Edinburg, Texas.
The United States Postal Service operates a postal office at 410 S Jackson Road, Edinburg, Texas.
Entertainment and sports
This city was the home of the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the North American League. However, after numerous ownership changes, the team disbanded. Currently, UTRGV is the only major baseball team in Edinburg.
In 2013, the city of Edinburg and the Edinburg Economic Development Corporation announced plans for the construction of an events arena in which the NBA Development League Champions, the Rio Grande Valley Vipers, will be the anchor tenants. The team will also have its practice facility at the Edinburg Sports & Wellness Center under construction. The City also opened a six city block stretch of green pedestrian walkway space known as the McIntyre Street Project in April 2014 expected to be the beginning of a proposed arts and restaurant district extending through the heart of Edinburg.
The Edinburg Scenic Wetlands is one of nine sites of the World Birding Center, a native habitat site and wildlife refuge.
There are two major commercial airports near Edinburg: McAllen-Miller International Airport (MFE) at McAllen, 20 minutes from Edinburg and Valley International Airport, (HRL) in Harlingen, 40 minutes from Edinburg. The South Texas International Airport at Edinburg (KEBG) is a public use airport owned and operated by the City of Edinburg.
Nearby cities and communities
- Alamo, Texas
- Brownsville, Texas
- Corpus Christi, Texas
- Donna, Texas
- Edcouch, Texas
- Harlingen, Texas
- Hidalgo, Texas
- Laredo, Texas
- Lopezville, Texas
- Matamoros, Tamaulipas
- McAllen, Texas
- Mercedes, Texas
- Mission, Texas
- Monterrey, Nuevo León
- Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
- Pharr, Texas
- Progreso, Texas
- Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- Rio Grande City, Texas
- San Juan, Texas
- South Padre Island, Texas
- Sullivan City, Texas
- Weslaco, Texas
Media and journalism
The Edinburg area is served by numerous local television affiliates.
- XHRIO (MundoFox 2) - McAllen, Texas
- KGBT (CBS 4) - Harlingen, Texas
- KRGV (ABC 5) - Weslaco, Texas
- XERV (Televisa 90) - Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- XHREY (Azteca 13 12) Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- XHOR (Azteca 7 14) Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- KCWT (CW 21) La Feria, Texas
- KVEO (NBC 23) - Brownsville, Texas
- KTFV (UniMás 32) - McAllen, Texas
- KTLM (Telemundo 40) - Rio Grande City, Texas
- KLUJ (TBN 44) - Harlingen, Texas
- KNVO (Univisión 48) - McAllen, Texas
- XHVTV (Multimedios 54)- Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- KMBH (PBS 60) - Harlingen, Texas
- KNWS (Azteca América 64) - Brownsville, Texas
- KFXV (Fox 67) - McAllen, Texas
- KHID 88.1 FM (National Public Radio)
- KOIR Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM (Spanish Christian) [Spanish]
- XHRYA Mas Musica 90.9 FM (Hit Radio) [Spanish]
- XHMLS Exitos 91.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanish]
- KCAS The New KCAS 91.5 FM (Religious)
- XHAAA La Caliente 93.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish]
- KFRQ 94.5 FM (Classic/Modern/Hard Rock)
- XHRT Xtrema 95.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanish]
- KBTQ Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM (Oldies) [Spanish]
- KVMV Faith, Hope & Love 96.9 FM (Contemporary Christian)
- KCYP-LP 97.7 FM LP | The City (Local Talent and Talk)
- KKPS Que Pasa 99.5 FM (Regional Tejano) [Spanish]
- KTEX-FM South Texas Country 100.3 FM (Country)
- KNVO-FM Jose 101.1 FM (Contemporary Spanish)
- XHAVO Digital 101.5 FM (International Music) [Spanish]
- KBFM Wild 104.1 FM (Hip-Hop/R&B/Reggaeton)
- KJAV 104.9 FM Ultra
- KQXX The X 105.5 FM (Classic-rock)
- KBIC 105.7 FM Radio Vida (Christian radio)
- KHKZ Kiss 106.3 FM (Hot AC)
- XHVTH La Mas Buena 107.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish]
- KVLY Mix FM 107.9 FM (Adult Contemporary, TOP 40)
- KURV 710 AM (Talk Radio) FOX News
- XERDO-AM La Radio 1450 AM (News/Sports) [Spanish]
- XEMS La Radio Mexicana 1490 AM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish]
- Terry Canales, Democrat member of the Texas House of Representatives representing District 41, serving since 2013
- Alfredo Cantu Gonzalez, a U.S. Marine who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for service in the Battle of Huế during the Vietnam War.
- Robert Guerra, attorney and Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives representing District 41
- Joe M. Kilgore, former lawyer in Edinburg and former member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas
- Stanley A. Mulaik, Professor Emeritus (retired) at the School of Psychology at the Georgia Institute of Technology, as well as the head of the Societate American pro Interlingua.
- Bobby Pulido, Tejano singer
- Megan Salinas, nude model and pornographic actress
- Leslie H. Southwick, federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and a former judge of the Mississippi Court of Appeals
- Pedro Villarreal, Major League Baseball pitcher
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Edinburg city, Texas (revision of 11-20-2013)". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Edinburg 2013 State of the City Address on YouTube
- San Antonio Light, December 7, 1911, p.2
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Rodriguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7546-2
- Lawmakers promise quick action on university vote at UTPA town hall - The Monitor: Local News
- Board of Regents votes to name new UT in South Texas The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley | University of Texas System
- The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
- Special report: Project South Texas - The Monitor: News
- McRaven: UTRGV will change the fabric of the Rio Grande Valley
- "Home." Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- "The City of Edinburg Meet the City Council". cityofedinburg.com. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- "Lopez Unit Archived October 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- "Segovia Unit Archived August 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
- Nba Development League: Rgv Vipers And City Of Edinburg Announce Sports And Wellness Center Archived 2014-04-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
- Glusac, Elaine (6 April 2010). "The Texas Border Draws Frequent Fliers". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Lower Rio Grande Valley Development Council
- Music to Edinburg's Ears: UTPA fine arts center expected to boost business for city - Local News - The Monitor
- Fox 2 KFXV | Fox 2 News for the Rio Grande Valley
- ValleyCentral.com - Latest local news, weather, high school sports in the Rio Grande Valley
- KRGV.com | CHANNEL 5 NEWS | Breaking News Breaking StoriesHome
- XERV9 Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- TV en vivo por internet y capítulos en línea - azteca.com
- Azteca 7 te damos de que hablar - azteca7.com Archived January 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- KVEO News Center 23 | The Rio Grande Valley's News and Weather
- Noticias de McAllen, Noticias de McAllen Texas, El Tiempo, Entretenimiento - Telemundo 40
- Noticias 48 | Noticias del rio grande valle
- Multimedios TV
- Home | KMBH TV
- Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM | Valle de Texas Radio Cristiana
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- Exitos 91.3 - Más y Mejor Musica
- KCAS Radio - 91.5FM
- Multimedios Radio :: Piensa Radio
- radioramareynosa.com Archived 2014-07-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM | Música Romántica en Español en McAllen
- 995 lanueva | KKPS Musica Tejana - La Nueva
- FM 100 KTEX - McAllen/Brownsville is KTEX Country
- RADIO JOSE McAllenInicio » RADIO JOSE McAllen
- :Digital 101.5 FM | McAllen, TX:. — Música Internacional
- Wild 104 - McAllen/Brownsville Party Station
- KQXX-FM - Mission-McAllen's Classic Rock
- Radio Vida - La Estacion Que Te Da Vida!
- KHKZ-FM - Mcallen/Brownsville Best Music
- 107.9 KVLY | 107.9 Mix FM
- 710 KURV: The Valley's News, Weather & Talk Station
- "Megan Salinas". HUSTLER. August 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2016.