The central focus of ecosemiotics concerns the role of concepts (sign-based models people have) in designing and changing the environment. Ecosemiotics includes (or largely overlaps) with semiotics of landscape.
- Nöth, Winfried 1998. Ecosemiotics. Sign Systems Studies 26: 332–343.
- Kull, Kalevi 1998. Semiotic ecology: Different natures in the semiosphere. Sign Systems Studies 26: 344–371.
- Maran, Timo; Kull, Kalevi 2014. Ecosemiotics: main principles and current developments. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 96(1): 41–50.
- Farina, Almo; Santolini, Riccardo; Pagliaro, Giacomo; Scozzafava, Silvia; Schipani, Ileana 2005. Ecosemiotics: A new field of competence for ecology to overcome the frontier between environmental complexity and human culture in the Mediterranean. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 53(3/4): 167–175.
- Maran, Timo 2007. Towards an integrated methodology of ecosemiotics: The concept of nature-text. Sign Systems Studies 35(1/2): 269–294.
- Lindström, Kati; Kull, Kalevi; Palang, Hannes 2014. Landscape semiotics: Contribution to culture theory. In: Lang, Valter; Kull, Kalevi (eds.), Estonian Approaches to Culture Theory. Tartu: University of Tartu Press, 110–132.