Dutch general election, 2003

Dutch general election, 2003
22 January 2003
Turnout 80.0%

Party Leader % Seats ±
CDA Jan Peter Balkenende 28.6% 44 +1
PvdA Wouter Bos 27.2% 42 +19
VVD Gerrit Zalm 17.9% 28 +4
SP Jan Marijnissen 6.3% 9 0
LPF Mat Herben 5.6% 8 -18
GL Femke Halsema 5.1% 8 -2
D66 Thom de Graaf 4.0% 6 -1
CU André Rouvoet 2.1% 3 -1
SGP Bas van der Vlies 1.5% 2 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Strongest political party by municipality
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Jan Peter Balkenende
CDA
Jan Peter Balkenende
CDA

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 22 January 2003.[1]

Background

The election was held following the resignation of the first Balkenende cabinet on 16 October 2002 after conflicts attributed to the LPF, the new party of the already deceased Pim Fortuyn.

In the early days of the campaign the CDA of incumbent prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende and the VVD, the smallest coalition party, saw a major lead.

After TV debates the PvdA (which had experienced a landslide defeat in the 2002 general election) of opposition leader Wouter Bos caught up, overtaking the VVD and regaining some of the territory lost in the previous election. The PvdA also held a leadership election which got the party considerable attention.

Results

The LPF lost as spectacularly as it won in 2002, with its seat count dropping from 26 to 8.

The exciting race of which party would become the largest was eventually won by the CDA, which went from 43 to 44 seats, ensuring a continuation of Balkenende’s career as prime minister.

Most of the smaller parties on both the left and right side did not experience significant changes. Several other parties (among them Leefbaar Nederland, a 2002 newcomer) didn’t manage to get over the threshold and thus gained no seats. They are not listed here.

After severe disagreements had frustrated the formation of a CDA-PvdA cabinet, a CDA-VVD-D66 cabinet was formed on 27 May 2003, with Balkenende as prime minister.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Democratic Appeal2,763,48028.644+1
Labour Party2,631,36327.342+19
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy1,728,70717.928+4
Socialist Party609,7236.390
Pim Fortuyn List549,9755.78–18
GreenLeft495,8025.18–2
Democrats 66393,3334.16–1
ChristianUnion204,6492.13–1
Reformed Political Party150,3051.620
Party for the Animals47,7540.50New
Livable Netherlands38,8940.40–2
Party for the Future13,8450.100
Ratelband List9,0450.10New
Durable Netherlands7,2710.100
New Communist Party of the Netherlands4,8540.10New
Conservatieven.nl2,5210.00New
Progressive Integration Party1,6230.00New
Alliance for Renewal and Democracy9900.00New
Veldhoen List2960.00New
Invalid/blank votes12,127
Total9,666,6021001500
Registered voters/turnout12,076,71179.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
CDA
28.62%
PvdA
27.26%
VVD
17.91%
SP
6.32%
LPF
5.70%
GL
5.14%
D66
4.07%
CU
2.12%
SGP
1.56%
PvdD
0.49%
Other
0.82%

Further reading

References

  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
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