Doteli language

Native to Nepal
Region Doti (Far Western Region) and Mid western Region
Native speakers
790,000 in Nepal (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari script (Nepali alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
   Nepal As per Part 1, Section 6 of Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015):[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dty
Glottolog dote1238[3]

Doteli, or Dotyali (डोटेली) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 800,000 people, most of whom live in Nepal. It was traditionally considered the western dialect of Nepali, and is written in the Devanagari script. It has official status in Nepal as per Part 1, Section 6 of Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015).[2] There are four main dialects of Doteli, namely Baitadeli, Bajhangi Nepali, Darchuli and Doteli. The mutual intelligibility between these dialects is high and all dialects of Doteli are able to share language-based materials.

Terms used for language name by district[4]
DistrictTerms used for language name
KailaliBaitadeli, Bajhangi, Nepali
KanchanpurBaitadeli Nepali, Nepali
DotiDotyali, Doteli
DadeldhuraDotyali, Dadeldhuri
BaitadiBaitadi, Baitadeli, Dotyali
DarchulaDarchuleli, Dotyali
BajhangBajhangi Bajhangi Nepali, Nepali

Doteli is closely related to the Achhameli and Bajureli dialects of Nepali. Moreover, the pronunciation pattern of Doteli language is quite similar to the Jumli dialect of Nepali.


  1. Doteli at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. 1 2 Constitution Bill of Nepal 2072
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Doteli". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. A Sociolinguistic Study of Dotyali-LinSuN Central Department of linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal and SIL International 2014
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