Dominion of Ghana

Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Capital Accra
Common languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
Charles Noble Arden-Clarke
Lord Listowel
Prime Minister  
Kwame Nkrumah
Legislature National Assembly
Historical era Cold War
6 March 1957
1 July 1960
Currency BWA pound (1957–1958)
Ghanaian pound (1958–1965)
ISO 3166 code GH
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Gold Coast (British Colony)

Ghana was a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations between 6 March 1957 and 1 July 1960, before it became the Republic of Ghana. It was the first western African country to achieve independence.

British rule ended in 1957, when the Ghana Independence Act 1957 transformed the British Crown Colony of the Gold Coast into the independent dominion of Ghana.[1][2] The British monarch remained head of state, and Ghana shared its Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Ghana. The following governors-general held office:

  1. Charles Noble Arden-Clarke (6 March – 24 June 1957)
  2. William Francis Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel (24 June 1957 – 1 July 1960)

A referendum was held on 27 April 1960, with 88.47% percent of the voters favouring a republic, and 11.53% against. The republic was declared and the monarchy abolished on 1 July 1960.

Elizabeth II did not reside in or visit Ghana between 1957 and 1960, but she did visit:

Kwame Nkrumah held office as prime minister (and head of government). Following the abolition of the monarchy, Nkrumah won a presidential election and became the first President of Ghana.


  1. "Heads of State of Ghana (1957 – To Date)". Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  2. "Queen Elizabeth II (1952 – )". Retrieved 2017-01-26.
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