Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Viscount Amory
|The Right Honourable|
The Viscount Amory
KG GCMG TD PC DL OD
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
6 January 1958 – 27 July 1960
|Prime Minister||Harold Macmillan|
|Preceded by||Peter Thorneycroft|
|Succeeded by||Selwyn Lloyd|
|Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food|
28 July 1954 – 6 January 1958
|Preceded by||Thomas Dugdale|
|Succeeded by||John Hare|
|Minister of State for Trade|
3 September 1953 – 28 July 1954
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Derek Walker-Smith|
|Minister of Pensions|
5 November 1951 – 3 September 1953
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||George Isaacs|
|Succeeded by||Osbert Peake|
|Member of Parliament|
5 July 1945 – 1 September 1960
|Preceded by||Gilbert Acland-Troyte|
|Succeeded by||Robin Maxwell-Hyslop|
26 December 1899|
20 January 1981 81) (aged|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
|Years of service||1920–1948|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
Background and education
Born in London, the son of Sir Ian Heathcoat-Amory, 2nd Baronet (see Heathcoat-Amory baronets) and Alexandra Georgina (OBE; who d. 1942), eldest daughter of Vice-Admiral Henry Seymour CB (brother of Francis, 5th Marquess of Hertford GCB).
His great-nephews include the Rt Hon David Heathcoat-Amory and Sir Ian Heathcoat-Amory, 6th and present baronet. A great-aunt was the sculptress, Princess Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Countess von Gleichen.
Heathcoat-Amory was elected a Devon County Councillor in 1932 and worked in textile manufacturing and banking. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 11th (Devonshire) Brigade of the Royal Artillery (Territorial Army) on 31 July 1920, promoted to lieutenant in the 96th (Royal Devonshire Yeomanry) Field Brigade on 31 July 1922 and promoted to captain on 1 September 1926. He was promoted to major on 1 October 1935. During the Second World War, he was wounded and captured during Operation Market-Garden. He retired on 1 September 1948 with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.
He was elected Member of Parliament for Tiverton in 1945 (a constituency previously held by his grandfather Sir John Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Baronet). When the Conservatives came to power under Winston Churchill in 1951 he was appointed Minister of Pensions. In September 1953 he was appointed Minister of State for Trade. He joined Churchill's Cabinet in July 1954 succeeding Sir Thomas Dugdale as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries (continuing his responsibilities as Minister of State for Trade). In October 1954 these ministries merged under Heathcoat-Amory's leadership. The Hon. Gwilym Lloyd George later Viscount Tenby had previously been charged with Food ministerial affairs. He remained in this post until being appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1958, by Harold Macmillan, an office he held until 1960.
A highlight of Amory's chancellorship was the raising of Bank Rate to 6% in June 1960, in an effort to cool the economy after the election the previous autumn.
Viscount Amory was sworn of the Privy Council in 1953, appointed GCMG in 1961 and KG in 1968. He also received the degree of Hon. LLD (Exon) in 1959, before serving as Chancellor of Exeter University from 1972 to 1981.
Heathcoat-Amory was an accomplished sailor, who famously had his yacht brought up the Thames to take him away after making Budget speeches when Chancellor of the Exchequer. The Civil Service Sailing Association continues to award annually The Heathcoat Amory Trophy (donated by Viscount Amory) for outstanding sailing achievements by its members.
- KG - Bt - GCMG - TD
- G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 5.
- thepeerage.com Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st and last Viscount Amory
- "No. 32023". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 August 1920. p. 8561.
- "No. 32750". The London Gazette. 26 September 1922. p. 6843.
- "No. 33228". The London Gazette. 10 December 1926. p. 8103.
- "No. 34207". The London Gazette. 11 October 1935. p. 6378.
- "No. 39151". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 February 1951. p. 910.
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Tipperary South to Tyrone West
- Dell 1997, p256
- "No. 42133". The London Gazette. 2 September 1960. p. 6019.
- "No. 44571". The London Gazette. 23 April 1968. p. 4645.
- Dell, Edmund. The Chancellors: A History of the Chancellors of the Exchequer, 1945-90 (HarperCollins, 1997) pp 242–57, covers his term as Chancellor.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Derick Heathcoat-Amory
- Burke's Peerage