Derby (UK Parliament constituency)

Derby
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295–1950 (split)
Number of members two
Replaced by Derby North and Derby South

Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.

History

Derby regularly sent two representatives to Parliament from Edward I’s reign.

In 1950 the constituency was abolished and replaced by the two single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South.

Members of Parliament

1294–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1294William de la CornereRandalph Makeneye[1]
1297William Bourne de DerbyNicklos de Lorimer[1]
1299Nicklos de LorimerGervase de Derby[1]
1301Gervase de WilnyeAdam le Rede[1]
1304John de la CorneRichard Cardoyl[1]
1305John de ChaddesdonGervase de Wileyne[1]
1306Hugh AlibonPeter la Chapman[1]
1307John ChaddesdonGervase de Wilney[1]
1310Henry AlwastonThomas de Stade[1]
1311Thomas del StedHenry Bindetton[1]
1312Geffry de LeycestreRobert de Breydsale[1]
1313John Fitz JohnHenry Lomb[1]
1314Adam le RedeWilliam de Aleby[1]
1314William de AlebyAdam le Rede[1]
1318Simon de ChesterRichard Breddon[1]
1318Alexander de HolandJohn de Weston[1]
1325Henry le CarpenterJohn Fitz Richard[1]
1327John Fitz GilbertFerhun Tutbury[1]
1328Simon de ChesterJohn Collings[1]
1328Thomas TulaxbarGeffry Snayth[1]
1330Simon de NottinghamJohn de Weston[1]
1333Hugh AllibonJohn Gibbonson[1]
1334John Gibbonson?[1]
1335Nicholas LangfordJohn Fitz Thomas[1]
1336Simon de ChesterJohn Gibbonson[1]
1337John Fitz WilliamThomas Tuttebury[1]
1338William de DerbyJohn HacheRobert Allibon[1]
1338William de DerbyRobert de Weston[1]
1338Simon de ChesterRobert Allibon[1]
1338Henry del HoweRobert Saundry[1]
1339Alexander HollandJohn Weston[1]
1339John GibbonsonThomas Preston[1]
1339Thomas TutburyThomas Thurmondsley[1]
1341Thomas de TutburyThomas Derby[1]
1341Richard de TrowellPeter de Quarndon[1]
1342Simon de NottinghamThomas de Derby[1]
1344William de NottinghamSimon de Chester[1]
1348William de ChaddesdonThomas de Tutbury[1]
1350William GilbertJohn de Chaddesdon[1]
1351Thomas TutburyWilliam de Derby[1]
1354William ChesterRichard Chelford[1]
1355Thomas TutburyHenry Diddound[1]
1355Edmund ToucherJohn Bech[1]
1356William EnningtonWilliam Nayle[1]
1358William de ChesterWilliam Nayle[1]
1361Peter PrenticeWilliam de Rossington[1]
1362Peter PrenticeWilliam de Rossington[1]
1363John TrowellJohn Weeke[1]
1364John BradonRobert Allibon[1]
1365William ChesterJohn Gilbert[1]
1366John BerdWilliam Sese[1]
1369John de BrakkerleyWilliam Glasyere[1]
1370John PreestJohn de Brakkerley[1]
1372John Trowell?[1]
1373William ChesterJohn Gilbert[1]
1374William PakemanRoger Allibon[1]
1377William GroosJohn de Berdee[1]
1378John HayRichard de Trowell[1]
1378Henry FlansteadRoger Allibon[1]
1379Richard DellRoger Ashe[1]
1382Thomas ToppeleyseJohn Hay[1]
1383William PakemanJohn Bowyer[1]
1383Richard de TrowellJohn Gibbon[1]
1384Richard ShermanJohn de Stockes[1]
1385Richard TrowellJohn Dell[1]
1386John StokkesJohn Prentice I[2]
1388 (Feb)William PakemanThomas Tappely[2]
1388 (Sep)William PakemanHugh Adam[2]
1390 (Jan)John StokkesJohn Hay[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391Richard ShermanThomas Docking[2]
1393John StokkesRichard Trowell[2]
1394
1395John StokkesWilliam Groos[2]
1397 (Jan)William GroosThomas Shore[2]
1397 (Sep)William GroosThomas Shore[2]
1399John StokkesThomas Docking[2]
1401
1402Elias StokkesRichard Trowell[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)John Prentice IIJohn Stokkes[2]
1406Thomas GoldsmithJohn Fairclough[2]
1407
1410
1411John BrasierThomas Shore[2]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May)Elias Stokkes[2]
1414 (Apr)John Prentice IIRobert Bolton[2]
1414 (Nov)Elias StokkesThomas Ridgeway[2]
1415
1416 (Mar)Elias StokkesRoger Wolley[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417Robert IrelandThomas Steppingstones[2]
1419John SparhamRalph Shore[2]
1420Richard BrownRobert Smith[2]
1421 (May)Ralph ShoreThomas Stokkes[2]
1421 (Dec)Ralph ShoreJohn Spicer[2]
1422John StokesJohn Barker[1]
1423John de BothElias Dell[1]
1424John StokesElias Dell[1]
1425Roger WolleyHenry Crabbe[1]
1427Nicholas MeyshamJohn de Stokkys[1]
1429John de BathElias Stokkys[1]
1430Thomas StokkesRobert Smith[1]
1432John BoothRobert Sutton[1]
1434John BotheThomas Stokeys[1]
1436Thomas StokksElias Tildesley[1]
1441Thomas StokkysHenry Spicer[1]
1446Thomas ChatleyRobert Mundy[1]
1448Thomas ChatterleyJohn Spicer[1]
1449Richard ChitterleyThomas Chitterley[1]
1450Thomas AcardThomas Bradshawe[1]
1454John BirdEdward Lovel[1]
1459John BirdWilliam Hunter[1]
1468Thomas BakyntonThomas Allestre[1]
1473John NewtonRoger Wilkinson[1]
1478John BriddleJohn Newton[1]
1510–1523No names known[3]
1529Thomas WardHenry Ainsworth[3]
1536?
1539?
1542Thomas SuttonWilliam Allestry[3]
1545Thomas SuttonWilliam Allestry[3]
1547Thomas SuttonRobert Ragg[3]
1553 (Mar)Robert RaggWilliam Allestry[3]
1553 (Oct)Thomas SuttonGeorge Cherneley[3]
1554 (Apr)William AllestryGeorge Stringer[3]
1554 (Nov)William MoreWilliam Bainbridge[3]
1555Richard WardWilliam Allestry[3]
1558James ThatcherWilliam Bainbridge[3]
1558/9Richard DoughtyWilliam Bainbridge[4]
1562/3William MoreWilliam Bainbridge[4]
1571Robert StringerWilliam Bainbridge[4]
1572Robert StringerTristram Tyrwhitt, expelled
and repl. 1576 by
Robert Bainbridge[4]
1584Sir Henry BeaumontWilliam Botham[4]
1586 (Sep)William BothamRobert Bainbridge[4]
1588/9Richard FletcherWilliam Botham[4]
1593Robert StringerWilliam Botham[4]
1597Henry DuportRobert Stringer[4]
1601 (Oct)Peter EureJohn Baxter[4]
1604–1611John BaxterEdward Sleighe
1614Gilbert Kniveton
1621–1622Timothy LeevingEdward Leech
1624Timothy LeevingSir Edward Leech
1625Timothy LeevingSir Edward Leech
1626Sir Henry CroftsJohn Thoroughgood
1628–1629Philip MainwaringTimothy Leeving
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

1640–1950

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
November 1640 William AllestryRoyalist Nathaniel HallowesParliamentarian
October 1643 Allestry disabled to sit – seat vacant
1645 Thomas Gell
December 1648 Gell excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Derby was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Gervase Bennet Derby had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 John Dalton
May 1659 Nathaniel Hallowes One seat vacant
April 1660 Roger Allestry John Dalton
1665 Anchitell Grey
1679 George Vernon
1685 William Allestry John Coke
1689 Anchitell Grey
1690 Robert Wilmot
1695 Lord Henry Cavendish John Bagnold
1698 George Vernon
1701 Lord James Cavendish Sir Charles Pye
1701 John Harpur
1702 Thomas Stanhope
1705 Lord James Cavendish Sir Thomas ParkerWhig
1710 Richard Pye
1710 Sir Richard Levinge John Harpur
1711 Edward Mundy
1713 Nathaniel Curzon
1715 Lord James Cavendish William StanhopeWhig
1722 Thomas Bayley
1727 William StanhopeWhig
1730 Charles Stanhope
1736 John Stanhope
1742 Viscount Duncannon
1748 Thomas Rivett
1754 Lord Frederick Cavendish George Venables-Vernon
1762 William Fitzherbert
1772 Wenman Coke
1775 John Gisborne
1776 Daniel Coke
1780 Lord George Cavendish Edward Coke
1797 George Walpole
1806 William Cavendish
1807 Thomas Coke
1807 Edward Coke
1812 Henry CavendishWhig
1818 Thomas Wenman Coke
1826 Samuel Crompton
1830 Edward StruttWhig[5][6][7][8]
1835 John PonsonbyWhig
1847[9] Hon. Frederick Leveson-GowerWhig[10]
1848 Michael Thomas BassRadical[11][12][13][14] Lawrence HeyworthRadical[15][16][13]
1852 Thomas Horsfall[17]Conservative
1853 Lawrence HeyworthRadical[15][16][13]
1857 Samuel BealeRadical[18]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 William Thomas CoxConservative
1868 Samuel PlimsollLiberal
1880 Sir William Vernon-HarcourtLiberal
1883 Thomas RoeLiberal
1895 Sir Henry Howe BemroseConservative Geoffrey DrageConservative
1900 Sir Thomas RoeLiberal Richard BellLabour
1904 Liberal
1910 J. H. ThomasLabour
1916 Sir William Job CollinsLiberal
1918 Albert GreenConservative
1922 Charles Henry RobertsLiberal
1923 William Robert RaynesLabour
1924 Sir Richard LuceConservative
1929 William Robert RaynesLabour
1931 William Allan ReidConservative National Labour
1936 Philip Noel-BakerLabour
1945 Clifford WilcockLabour
1950 Constituency split into North and South seats

Elections

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1852: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Michael Thomas Bass 1,252 38.0
Conservative Thomas Horsfall 1,025 31.1
Radical Lawrence Heyworth 1,018 30.9
Turnout 2,160 (est) 88.2 (est)
Registered electors 2,448
Majority 227 6.9 N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing
Majority 7 0.2 N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing

Horsfall's election was in March 1853 declared void due to bribery, and Heyworth was declared elected in his place.[20]

General Election 1857: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Michael Thomas Bass 884 40.9 +2.9
Radical Samuel Beale 846 39.2 +8.3
Conservative William Forbes Mackenzie 430 19.9 11.2
Majority 416 19.3 +12.4
Turnout 1,295 (est) 52.2 (est) 36.0
Registered electors 2,479
Radical hold Swing +4.3
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +7.0
General Election 1859: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Thomas Bass 1,260 35.5 5.4
Liberal Samuel Beale 902 25.4 13.8
Liberal William Melborne James[21][22] 736 20.8 N/A
Conservative Henry Cecil Raikes[23] 648 18.3 1.6
Majority 166 4.7 14.6
Turnout 1,773 (est) 70.6 (est) +18.4
Registered electors 2,513
Liberal hold Swing 2.3
Liberal hold Swing 6.5

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1865: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Thomas Cox 1,096 31.7 +13.4
Liberal Michael Thomas Bass 1,063 30.7 +5.3
Liberal Samuel Plimsoll 691 20.0 N/A
Liberal Samuel Beale 608 17.6 7.8
Majority 33 1.0 N/A
Turnout 2,277 (est) 92.9 (est) +22.3
Registered electors 2,450
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.3
Liberal hold Swing 4.1
General Election 1868: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Thomas Bass 4,995 41.1 +10.4
Liberal Samuel Plimsoll 4,677 38.4 +18.4
Conservative William Thomas Cox 2,492 20.5 11.2
Majority 2,185 18.0 N/A
Turnout 7,328 (est) 75.0 (est) 17.9
Registered electors 9,777
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.0
Liberal hold Swing +12.0

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Thomas Bass 5,579 39.4 1.7
Liberal Samuel Plimsoll 4,938 34.9 3.5
Conservative William Thomas Cox[24] 3,642 25.7 +5.2
Majority 1,296 9.2 8.8
Turnout 8,901 (est) 78.7 (est) +3.7
Registered electors 11,316
Liberal hold Swing 2.2
Liberal hold Swing 3.1

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: Derby (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Thomas Bass 8,864 45.8 +6.4
Liberal Samuel Plimsoll 7,758 40.1 +5.2
Conservative Thomas Collins 2,730 14.1 11.6
Majority 5,028 26.0 +16.8
Turnout 11,594 (est) 89.1 (est) +10.4
Registered electors 13,006
Liberal hold Swing +6.1
Liberal hold Swing +5.5

Plimsoll's resignation caused a by-election.

By-election, 26 May 1880: Derby (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt Unopposed
Liberal hold

Bass' resignation caused a by-election.

By-election, 12 Jun 1883: Derby (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885: Derby (2 seats)[25][26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe 7,813 36.1 9.7
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt 7,630 35.3 4.8
Conservative William Brown Hextall 4,943 22.8 +8.7
Independent Liberal Alfred Stace Dyer[28] 1,251 5.8 N/A
Majority 2,687 12.5 13.5
Turnout 12,868 86.2 2.9 (est)
Registered electors 14,925
Liberal hold Swing 9.2
Liberal hold Swing 6.8

Harcourt's appointment as Chancellor of the Exchequer caused a by-election.

By-election, 9 Feb 1886: Derby (1 seat)[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1886: Derby (2 seats)[29][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe 6,571 37.8 +1.7
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt 6,431 37.1 +1.8
Liberal Unionist William Evans[30] 4,346 25.1 +2.3
Majority 2,085 12.0 0.5
Turnout 10,758 72.1 14.1
Registered electors 14,925
Liberal hold Swing +0.3
Liberal hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: Derby (2 seats)[31][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt 7,507 29.1 8.7
Liberal Thomas Roe 7,389 28.6 8.5
Conservative William Brown Hextall 5,546 21.5 N/A
Liberal Unionist Alfred Seale Haslam 5,363 20.8 4.3
Majority 1,843 7.1 4.9
Turnout 12,903 [est 1] 83.6 +11.5
Registered electors 15,754
Liberal hold Swing 2.2
Liberal hold Swing 2.1

Harcourt's appointment as Chancellor of the Exchequer requires a by-election.

Derby by-election, 1892 [32][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt 6,508 80.1 +22.4
Independent Henry Farmer-Atkinson[n 1] 1,619 19.9 N/A
Majority 4,889 60.2 +53.1
Turnout 8,127 51.6 32.0
Registered electors 15,754
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Derby (2 seats)[33][34][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Howe Bemrose 7,907 28.0 +6.5
Conservative Geoffrey Drage 7,076 25.1 +4.3
Liberal William Vernon Harcourt 6,785 24.0 5.1
Liberal Thomas Roe 6,475 22.9 5.7
Majority 291 1.1 N/A
Turnout 14,122[est 1] 82.8 0.8
Registered electors 17,379
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.7

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: Derby (2 seats)[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe 7,922 26.6 20.3[n 2]
Labour Repr. Cmte. Richard Bell 7,640 25.7 N/A
Conservative Henry Howe Bemrose 7,397 24.9 3.1
Conservative Geoffrey Drage 6,775 22.8 2.3
Turnout 84.5 +1.7
Registered electors 18,270
Majority 525 1.7 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Majority 243 0.8 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General Election 1906: Derby (2 seats)[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Richard Bell 10,361 31.0 +5.3
Liberal Thomas Roe 10,239 30.6 +4.0
Conservative James Henry Edward Holford 6,421 19.2 5.7
Conservative Edward George Spencer Churchill 6,409 19.2 3.6
Turnout 87.6 +3.1
Registered electors 19,543
Majority 3,818 11.4 +9.7
Lib-Lab hold Swing +5.5
Liberal hold Swing +4.9

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: Derby (2 seats)[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe 10,343 28.3 2.3
Labour J. H. Thomas[n 3] 10,189 27.9 3.1
Conservative Arthur Edward Beck 8,038 22.0 +2.8
Conservative Arthur Page 7,953 21.8 +2.6
Turnout 92.5 +4.9
Registered electors 20,113
Majority 2,305 6.3 5.1
Liberal hold Swing 2.6
Majority 2,151 5.9 N/A
Labour gain from Lib-Lab Swing N/A
General Election December 1910: Derby (2 seats)[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Roe 9,515 35.5 +7.2
Labour J. H. Thomas 9,144 34.1 +6.2
Conservative Arthur Edward Beck[n 4] 8,160 30.4 13.4
Turnout 88.0 4.5
Registered electors 20,113
Majority 1,355 5.1 1.2
Liberal hold Swing +10.3
Majority 984 3.7 2.2
Labour hold Swing +9.8

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Derby by-election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Job Collins Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1918: Derby (2 seats)[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour J. H. Thomas 25,145 37.8 +3.7
Unionist Albert Green 14,920 22.4 8.0
Liberal William Blews Rowbotham 13,408 20.2 15.3
National Democratic Harold Machin Smith 13,012 19.6 N/A
Turnout 65.5 22.5
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Majority 1,512 2.2
Labour hold Swing
Majority 11,737 17.6

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: Derby (2 seats) [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Y J. H. Thomas 25,215 27.0 -10.8
Liberal Y Charles Henry Roberts 24,068 25.8 +5.6
Unionist Albert Green 22,240 23.9 +1.5
Labour William Raynes 21,677 23.3 n/a
Turnout 84.0 +18.5
Majority 1,828 1.9 -0.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
Majority 2,975 3.1 -14.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Derby (2 seats) [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Y J. H. Thomas 24,887 29.0 +2.0
Labour Y William Robert Raynes 20,318 23.7 +0.4
Unionist Henry Fitz-Herbert Wright 20,070 23.4 -0.5
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 10,669 12.5 -13.3
Independent Unionist Thomas Clifford Newbold 9,772 11.4 n/a
Turnout 81.1 -2.9
Majority 248 0.3 2.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +6.8
General Election 1924: Derby (2 seats) [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Y J. H. Thomas 27,423 25.7 -3.3
Unionist Y Richard Luce 25,425 23.8 +0.4
Labour William Robert Raynes 25,172 23.6 -0.1
Unionist Hilda Hulse 21,700 20.3 n/a
Liberal James Henderson-Stewart 7,083 6.6 -5.9
Turnout 85.2 +4.1
Majority 5,723 5.4
Labour hold Swing
Majority 353 0.2
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1929: Derby (2 seats) [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour YJ. H. Thomas 39,688 30.0 +4.3
Labour YWilliam Robert Raynes 36,237 27.4 +3.8
Unionist Richard Luce 24,553 18.6 -5.2
Unionist John Arthur Aiton 20,443 15.4 -4.9
Liberal L. du Garde Peach 11,317 8.6 +2.0
Turnout 82.6 -2.6
Majority 11,684 8.8 9.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +4.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Derby (2 seats)[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour Y J. H. Thomas 49,257 36.4
Conservative Y William Reid 47,729 34.3
Labour William Robert Raynes 21,841 15.7
Labour Walter Halls 20,241 14.6
Majority 27,4168 19.7
Turnout 84.5
National Labour hold Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Derby (2 seats)[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Y William Reid 37,707 30.19
National Labour Y J. H. Thomas 37,566 30.08
Labour Herbert Arthur Hind 25,037 20.04
Labour Leonard John Barnes 24,594 19.69
Majority 12,529
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
National Labour hold Swing
Derby by-election, 1936[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Philip Noel-Baker 28,419 52.5
National Labour Archibald Church 25,666 47.5
Majority 2,753 5.0
Turnout 65.5
Labour gain from National Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place in Autumn 1939 and by then, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Derby (2 seats)[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Y Philip Noel-Baker 42,196 33.60
Labour Y Clifford Wilcock 40,800 32.49
Conservative Francis Lochrane 21,460 17.09
Conservative Max Bemrose 21,125 16.82
Majority 19,340 15.67
Turnout 76.39
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour hold Swing

See also

References

Notes

  1. Supported by Henry Varley's Social Purity Alliance
  2. Compared to joint Liberal vote in 1895
  3. Compared to Lib-Lab candidate in 1906
  4. Compared to combined Conservative share at Jan 1910 election
  1. 1 2 Based on half of the total votes

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 The history of Derby, William Hutton.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  5. Pickard, Willis (Winter 2010–11). "The 'Member for Scotland': Duncan McLaren and the Liberal Dominance of Victorian Scotland" (PDF). Journal of Liberal History. 69: 22. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  6. Walker, Martyn (2017). The Development of the Mechanics' Institute Movement in Britain and Beyond: Supporting further education for the adult working classes. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 9781315685021. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  7. Howe, Anthony, ed. (2007). The Letters of Richard Cobden: Volume 1, 1815-1847. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 423. ISBN 9780199211951. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  8. "Wednesday & Thursday's Posts". Stamford Mercury. 11 April 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. The election of 1847 was declared void on petition; neither Strutt nor Leveson-Gower was a candidate in the resulting by-election
  10. "The Land and the Charter". Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser. 10 July 1847. p. 19. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  11. "Derby Election". Leicester Journal. 8 September 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  12. Smith, Francis Barrymore (1966). "Second Reform Period, 1851-1865". The Making of the Second Reform Bill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 29. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  13. 1 2 3 "Provincial News". Sheffield Independent. 9 September 1848. p. 7. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. Ceadel, Martin (1996). "The Richard Cobden Era". The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1730-1854. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 465. ISBN 0-19-822674-8. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  15. 1 2 "Review of activities in the year 2009-10" (PDF). The History of Parliament. October 2010. p. 6. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  16. 1 2 "Remembering one of Papplewick's most famous sons". Hucknall Dispatch. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  17. Horsfall's election was subsequently declared void, and Heyworth declared elected in his place
  18. "Election Intelligence". Staffordshire Advertiser. 14 March 1857. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  20. "Election Committees". Chelmsford Chronicle. 11 March 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  21. "To the Electors of the Borough of Derby". Derby Mercury. 20 April 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  22. "Derby". Bolton Chronicle. 9 April 1859. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  23. "Derby". Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal. 20 May 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  24. "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 28 January 1874. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 29 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  25. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  27. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  28. "Another Candidate for Derby". Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal. 13 Nov 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 25 November 2017 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  29. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  30. "Derby Election". Derby Mercury. 30 Jun 1886. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 25 November 2017 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  31. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  32. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  33. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  34. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  35. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  36. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  37. Report of the Annual Conference, 1939
  38. Derby Daily Telegraph, 24 Jan 1939
  39. Derby Daily Telegraph, Mar 1939
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