Cycling in Paris
Paris has steadily increased its network of bicycle paths since the late 1990s. As of 2015 there is 700 km (430 mi) of cycling routes in Paris, including bike paths and bus lanes that had been widened for use by bike riders.
Development of cycling in Paris
Nearly disappeared in the 1980s (car traffic was at the time 85 times more important than cycling), cycling has grown at an exponential rate since the 1990s, so much so that between 1991 and 2010 daily travels made by cyclists have been multiplied by a factor of 10. As a result, in 2010 travels by bike amounted to a third of the number of travels made by car, and they are expected to become more numerous than travels by car by the 2020s.
Cycle ways and routes within Paris
There are 700 km (430 mi) of cycle paths and routes in Paris. These include piste cyclable (bike lanes separated from other traffic by physical barriers such as a kerb) and bande cyclable (a bicycle lane denoted by a painted path on the road). Also since 2008, 29 km (18 mi) of specially marked bus lanes are free to be used by cyclists. Cyclists have also been given the right to ride in both directions on certain one-way streets (20 mph zone).
Paris' bike routes are detailed in guides such as Paris de Poche: Cycliste et Piéton (i.e. Pocket Paris: Cyclist and Pedestrian) which costs about €5 or the free Paris à Velo available from Paris town hall offices.
Following the successful examples of bicycle hire schemes in the French cities of Rennes and Lyon the city of Paris launched a system of rental bikes free service called Vélib' on the 15th of July 2007. Managed by the company JCDecaux there were originally 10,648 bikes available at 750 Vélib' stations. More than 20,600 bikes at 1,451 stations are planned for late 2007 and Paris may eventually have 50,000 Vélib' bikes for hire.
Vélib's main aim is to replace car use in Paris for short trips.
Paris Respire (literally "Paris Breathes") is a car-free scheme where certain roads are closed to vehicular traffic on Sundays and public holidays between the hours of 9am and 5pm. The roads closed include those by the River Seine, in the Marais, the Canal Saint Martin, Montmartre as well as roads elsewhere in the city. Cycling and walking are the main forms of getting around on these roads on these days.
National and international cycle routes
Some of the French cycle routes known as Voies vertes (literally "green ways") pass through Paris. One is the Piste du canal de L'Ourcq (the Ourcq canal path) which runs 97 km (60 mi) through Paris to Sevran.
EuroVelo and other international routes
As announced in April 2015, Plan velo up to year 2020 Paris will increase the size of its bike path network or pistes cyclables to 1,400 km (870 mi) plus many smaller streets with both way cycling and secure parking at several train stations, total budget is 150m euro
- Pineau, Elizabeth (2010-08-12). "Paris: from tyranny of taxis to city of bikes". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
- Demade 2015, p. 85.
- Demade 2015, p. 81.
- Demade 2015, pp. 81, 85.
- Pourquoi ouvrir les couloirs de bus aux vélos?
- Sundays in Paris: ‘Paris Respire’
- Les Véloroutes et voies vertes de Paris Archived 2010-12-22 at the Wayback Machine.
- Demade, Julien (2015). Les embarras de Paris, ou l'illusion techniciste de la politique parisienne des déplacements. L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2-343-06517-5.
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