Cycling at the Summer Paralympics

Cycling at the Summer Paralympics
Governing body IPC
Events 44 (men: 30; women: 12; mixed: 2)
Games

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Paralympic Games since the 1984 Summer Paralympics.

Classification

Cyclists are given a classification depending on the type and extent of their disability. The classification system allows cyclists to compete against others with a similar level of function.[1]

At the 2008 Summer Paralympics and earlier, classes were:

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, a functional para-cycling classification system was used.

  • B: Cyclists with a vision impairment, using a tandem bicycle
  • T 1–2: Cyclists with cerebral palsy, MS or similar neuro-motor impairment, using a tricycle
  • C 1–5: Cyclists with amputations, neuromotor or musculoskeletal impairment, using a bicycle
  • H 1–4: Cyclists using a handcycle

Factoring

In some cycling events, cyclists with different classifications compete against each other for one set of medals. Many (but not all) such events are factored, reducing the times of riders in lower classifications to take their greater impairment into account. Factoring percentages are based on average race times by riders in each classification.[2]

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, factored races included the mixed tricycle time trial, Women's C1–3 road time trial,[3] Women's H1–2 road time trial and track C1–3 and C4–5 events.

Medal table

Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympics.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Great Britain (GBR)41191373
2 Australia (AUS)37312997
3 United States (USA)23392991
4 Germany (GER)20241761
5 Italy (ITA)16101339
6 France (FRA)1371434
7 Spain (ESP)11151642
8 Netherlands (NED)10131235
9 China (CHN)10111435
10 Canada (CAN)9111333
11 Czech Republic (CZE)871025
12 Austria (AUT)710522
13 Poland (POL)57113
14 Switzerland (SUI)55818
15 Slovakia (SVK)44311
16 Belgium (BEL)43512
17 Ireland (IRL)43310
18 Belarus (BLR)4105
19 Ukraine (UKR)4004
20 Japan (JPN)37616
21 South Korea (KOR)36514
22 Norway (NOR)32510
23 New Zealand (NZL)23712
24 South Africa (RSA)2237
25 Romania (ROU)1203
26 Denmark (DEN)1001
27 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0202
 Finland (FIN)0202
29 West Germany (FRG)0123
30 Brazil (BRA)0112
 Portugal (POR)0112
32 Israel (ISR)0101
33 Colombia (COL)0033
34 Argentina (ARG)0022
 Lebanon (LIB)0022
36 Russia (RUS)0011

Events

Track cycling, Men

1984, 1988, 1992
  • no track events
1996
  • 200 m sprint tandem open
  • time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • 1 km time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • sprint tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
  • Men's 1 km time trial
    • CP 3/4
    • LC 1-4
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's 3 km individual pursuit
    • CP 3
    • CP 4
    • LC 3
    • LC 4
  • Men's 4 km individual pursuit
    • LC 1
    • LC 2
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's tandem sprint
    • B 1-3
  • Men's bicycle team sprint
    • LC 1-4&CP 3/4
2008
2012

Track cycling, Women

1996
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
2008
2012

Road cycling

Nations

Nation606468727680848892960004081216Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)      222
 Albania (ALB)      11
 Argentina (ARG)      13354
 Australia (AUS)      181422191715158
 Austria (AUT)      1479711748
 Barbados (BAR)      112
 Belarus (BLR)      246625
 Belgium (BEL)      375213488
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)      11
 Brazil (BRA)      11212257
 Burkina Faso (BUR)      22124
 Canada (CAN)      4315710121515149
 China (CHN)      688114
 Colombia (COL)      14364
 Costa Rica (CRC)      112
 Croatia (CRO)      122
 Cuba (CUB)      112
 Czech Republic (CZE)      3688886
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)      132
 Denmark (DEN)      13224
 Dominican Republic (DOM)      112
 Estonia (EST)      11
 Finland (FIN)      122235
 France (FRA)      16161718991459
 Germany (GER)      91313171716157
 Ghana (GHA)      112
 Great Britain (GBR)      1178881219209
 Greece (GRE)      42564
 Haiti (HAI)      11
 Hungary (HUN)      21
 Iran (IRI)      1113
 Ireland (IRL)      13610105
 Israel (ISR)      11314
 Italy (ITA)      81297913137
 Japan (JPN)      2765456
 Lebanon (LBN)      112
 Luxembourg (LUX)      122
 Malaysia (MAS)      242
 Mexico (MEX)      11
 Netherlands (NED)      34735611188
 New Zealand (NZL)      25684
 Norway (NOR)      3244671219
 Pakistan (PAK)      11
 Peru (PER)      11
 Poland (POL)      366124
 Portugal (POR)      311125
 Romania (ROU)      13224
 Russia (RUS)      21
 Serbia (SRB)      21
 Singapore (SGP)      222
 Slovakia (SVK)      2444656
 Slovenia (SLO)      11114
 South Africa (RSA)      47664
 South Korea (KOR)      1053422238
 Spain (ESP)      172623141616127
 Sweden (SWE)      1143
 Switzerland (SUI)      66885877
 Ukraine (UKR)      112
 Unified Team (EUN)      21
 United States (USA)      311303535181317249
 Venezuela (VEN)      112225
 West Germany (FRG)      312
Nations81119232539394845
Competitors2240149181202196220223235
Year606468727680848892960004081216

See also

References

  1. Cycling Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine., Canadian Paralympic Committee
  2. "Paralympics: Cyclist wins GB's first medal". Channel 4. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  3. "Cycling - Road". Australian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
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