Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
|Vice Presidents||Srđan Gjurković|
|Founded||13 October 1990|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party|
|International affiliation||Liberal International (observer)|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
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As of April 2015 HNS forms a parliamentary club with 5 members in the Croatian Parliament, making them the fourth largest party in Croatia in terms of parliament representation. HNS is an observing member of the Liberal International and a full member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party. Since 17 December 2017 the party's leader is Ivan Vrdoljak.
The People's Party in Croatia was originally formed in 1841, during the period of Croatian romantic nationalism. The Croatian People's Party describes the events of the Illyrian movement since 1835 as its history.. After 1861 the People's Party was known as the People's Liberal Party, its main splinter party was the Independent People's Party (1880-1903) which became more pro-autonomist, while the "old" People's Party developed into "party of the Settlement" having collaborated with the pro-Hungarian Unionist Party (known as the People's Constitutional Party). The Progressive Party (1904-1906) and the Croatian People's Progressive Party (1906-1910) were also liberal parties in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia as an autonomous part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
In 1860 the national liberals formed in the Dalmatia (Austrian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) the National party known also as the People's Party in Dalmatia. The party developed into a conservative party around 1889 (the National Croatian Party).
During Communism in the second Yugoslavia (the Socialist Republic of Croatia, SRH), the liberal leaders of the League of Communists of Croatia were Savka Dabčević-Kučar and Miko Tripalo, who participated in the Croatian Spring of 1971.
The modern Croatian People's Party was formed in late 1990 by members of the Coalition of People's Accord (Croatian: Koalicija narodnog sporazuma) which had participated on the first multi-party election of 1990, led by Savka Dabčević-Kučar, Miko Tripalo, Dragutin Haramija and others.
The HNS remained a small opposition party. In the 1992 election they won 6.7% of the vote and attained 6 seats in the Croatian Parliament. In 1994, construction entrepreneur Radimir Čačić became party chairman. In the 1995 election they won 2 seats as part of an election alliance.
In the January 2000 election they formed a four-party coalition with HSS, LS and IDS, which together won 25 seats in the Parliament, two of whom were HNS representatives. As a result, the party participated in the 2000–2003 government of Ivica Račan through the minister of public works, construction and reconstruction Radimir Čačić. A few weeks later, the coalition's candidate and HNS member Stjepan Mesić was elected President of the Republic.
In the November 2003 elections, their alliance with the Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar and the Slavonia-Baranja Croatian Party won 8% of the vote and 11 out of 151 seats, 10 of them HNS representatives. However, despite significantly improved results, the party moved to the opposition.
A second element of today's People's Party, the Party of Liberal Democrats or Libra, originated in time of the Račan government when in 2002 Dražen Budiša, the leader of the Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), pulled out of the coalition. Ten members of parliament from Budiša's party, led by Jozo Radoš, refused to bring down the government and instead split from the HSLS, forming Libra, the Party of Liberal Democrats. That party won 3 seats in the 2003 election. On 6 February 2005, most of the 1,250 representatives of HNS on its seventh convention voted to merge with Libra as the Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats. The total number of parliamentary seats for the party increased to 13.
In the November 2007 elections the party ran on its own and got around 7% of the vote and 7 seats in the Croatian Sabor. It remained in the opposition. Since then, two representatives in Sabor, Dragutin Lesar and Zlatko Horvat, left the party.
On 21 September 2014 about 200 members from HNS Zagreb and Varaždin branches each left the party in order to form liberal and centrist People's Party - Reformists under Radimir Čačić's leadership, while in June 2017 left of the centre Civic Liberal Alliance was created from the minority of the party (including four MPs and one MEP - Jozo Radoš) who were dissatisfied with HNS entering a coalition with the conservative Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) (Cabinet of Andrej Plenković since 9 June 2017).
Chairpersons of the party
|—||Predrag Štromar||2017 (Acting)|
The following is a summary of the party's results in legislative elections for the Croatian parliament. The "Total votes" and "Percentage" columns include sums of votes won by pre-election coalitions HNS had been part of. After preferential votes were added to the electoral system, the votes column also includes the statistic of the total number of such votes received by candidates of HNS on coalition lists. The "Total seats" column includes sums of seats won by HNS in election constituencies plus representatives of ethnic minorities affiliated with HNS.
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change||Government|
|(Coalition totals)||(HNS only)|
6 / 138
2 / 127
2 / 151
10 / 151
7 / 153
14 / 151
|2015 (November)||SDP–HSU–HL–AHSS–ZS||744,507 (84,002)||32.31||
9 / 151
|2016 (September)||SDP–HSU–HSS||636,960 (84,581)||33.47||
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|Opposition (until June 2017)|
|Government (since June 2017)|
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won|
|Percentage||Total seats won|
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The following is a list of presidential candidates who were endorsed by HNS in elections for President of Croatia.
|Election||Candidate||First round result||Second round result|
|1992 (Aug)||Savka Dabčević-Kučar (HNS)||6.0%||Third||—|
|1997 (Jun)||Vlado Gotovac (HSLS)||17.6%||Third||—|
|2000 (Jan–Feb)||Stjepan Mesić (HNS)||41.1%||First||56.0%||Won|
|2005 (Jan)||Stjepan Mesić (Ind.)||48.9%||First||65.9%||Won|
|2009–10 (Dec–Jan)||Vesna Pusić (HNS)||7.3%||Fifth||—|
|2014–15 (Dec–Jan)||Ivo Josipović (Ind.)||38.5%||First||49.3%||Runner-up|
- "HNS Vesne Pusić ima više članova od Milanovićeva SDP-a". Večernji list (in Croatian). 10 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Croatia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- "Hrvatski sabor - Klub zastupnika Hrvatske narodne stranke - liberalnih demokrata". www.sabor.hr. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- "Povijest - 19 stoljeće" [History - 19th century]. hns.hr (in Croatian). Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats. Archived from the original on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Suzana Barilar (13 November 2015). "Preferencijalni glasovi". Jutarnji list (in Croatian).
- "Uživo-rezultati izbora", index.hr, 12.9.2016.
- "Posavec: Za HNS je glasalo 127 tisuća ljudi, zaradili smo 11 mandata". Faktograf. 16 September 2016.
- Official website