Conversion table for Y chromosome haplogroups

In human population genetics, Y-Chromosome haplogroups define the major lineages of direct paternal (male) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa. Men in the same haplogroup share a set of differences, or markers, on their Y-Chromosome, which distinguish them from men in other haplogroups. These UEPs, or markers used to define haplogroups, are SNP mutations. Y-Chromosome Haplogroups all form "family trees" or "phylogenies", with both branches or sub-clades diverging from a common haplogroup ancestor, and also with all haplogroups themselves linked into one family tree which traces back ultimately to the most recent shared male line ancestor of all men alive today, called in popular science Y Chromosome Adam.

History

Creation of the Y-Chromosome Consortium

In the 1980s and 1990s, individual academic research groups each had their own nomenclature for naming Y-Chromosome haplogroups. This created an increasingly unmanageable communication barrier. In 2002, the Y-Chromosome Consortium (YCC) published a widely used proposal to standardize the naming of all Y-Chromosome haplogroups. This effort was based on comprehensive retesting of DNA samples (YCC 2002).

The Y-Chromosome Consortium for many years left individual groups to maintain this standard. In 2008, they again published a comprehensive review of tree changes and retested samples. With this work, they strengthened their recommendation to move to a nomenclature system they referred to as shorthand (Karafet 2008).

Creation of the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) Tree Committee

In 2006, a group of citizen scientists with an interest in genetic genealogy formed a working group to document both their own discoveries and those in published research. They created a web based tree that attempted to be timely and had annual benchmark versions.

Conversion Table

The table below brings together all of these works at the point of the landmark 2002 YCC Tree. This allows a researcher reviewing older published literature to quickly move between nomenclatures.

YCC 2002/2008 (Shorthand) (α) (β) (γ) (δ) (ε) (ζ) (η) YCC 2002 (Longhand) YCC 2005 (Longhand) YCC 2008 (Longhand) YCC 2010r (Longhand) ISOGG 2006 ISOGG 2007 ISOGG 2008 ISOGG 2009 ISOGG 2010 ISOGG 2011 ISOGG 2012
A-M317I1A1H1AA1A1A1A1aA1A1A1aA1aA1aA1aA1a
A-M627I23H1AA2*A2A2A2A2A2A2A2A2A2A1b1a1a
A-M11427I23H1AA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA2aA1b1a1a1a
A-P2827I24H1AA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA2bA1b1a1a1b
A-M32********A3A3A3A3A3A3A3A3A3A1b1b
A-M287I1A1H1AA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA3aA1b1b1
A-M517I1A1H1AA3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A3b1A1b1b2a
A-M137I1A2Eu1H1AA3b2*A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A3b2A1b1b2b
A-M1717I1A2Eu1H1AA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2aA3b2a(removed)
A-M1187I1A2Eu1H1AA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA3b2bA1b1b2b1
B-M602II1B5-H1BB*BBBBBBBBBB
B-M1462II1B5-H1BB1B1B1aB1aB1aB1aB1aB1aB1aB1aB1a
B-M182********B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2
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B-M1092II1B5-H1BB2a1B2a1B2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1aB2a1a
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B-M432II1B5-H1BB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2aB2a2a
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B-P66II1B7-H1BB2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1B2b1
B-M1156II1B6-H1BB2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2B2b2
B-M306II1B6-H1BB2b3*B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3B2b3
B-M108.26II1B6-H1BB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aB2b3aremovedremoved
B-P76II1B8-H1BB2b4*B2b4B2b4B2b4B2b4B2b4B2b4B2b4B2b4removedremoved
B-P86II1B10-H1BB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aB2b4aremovedremoved
B-M2116II1B9-H1BB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4bB2b4b
C-M21610V1F16Eu6H1CC*CCCCCCCCCC
C-M810V1F19Eu6H1CC1C1C1C1C1C1C1C1C1C1C1
C-M3810V1F16Eu6H1CC2*C2C2C2C2C2C2C2C2C2C2
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C-M9310V1F17Eu6H1CC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3aC3a1
C-M20810V1F17Eu6H1CC3bC2bC2aC2aC2bC2bC2aC2aC2aC2aC2a
C-M21036V1F17Eu6H1CC3cC2cC4aC4aC4bC4bC4aC4aC4aC4aC4a
D-M174********DDDDDDDDDD
D-M154IV3G12Eu5H3BD1D1D1D1D1D1D1D1D1D1D1
D-M55********D2D2D2D2D2D2D2D2D2D2
D-P124IV3G11Eu5H2BD2aD2aD2a1a1D2a1a1D2D2D2a1a1D2a1a1D2a1a1removedremoved
D-M116.14IV3G11Eu5H2BD2b*D2aD2aD2aD2aD2aD2aD2aD2aremovedremoved
D-M1254IV3G11Eu5H2BD2b1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1D2a1
D-M1514IV3G11Eu5H2BD2b2D2a1D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2D2a2
E-P2921III3A13Eu3H2BE*EEEEEEEEEE
E-M3321III3A13Eu3H2BE1*E1E1aE1aE1E1E1aE1aE1aE1aE1a
E-M4421III3A13Eu3H2BE1aE1aE1a1E1a1E1aE1aE1a1E1a1E1a1E1a1E1a1
E-M7521III3A13Eu3H2BE2aE2E2E2E2E2E2E2E2E2E2
E-M5421III3A13Eu3H2BE2bE2bE2bE2b1-------
E-P225III414Eu3H2BE3*E3E1bE1b1E3E3E1b1E1b1E1b1E1b1E1b1
E-M28III515Eu2H2BE3a*E3aE1b1E1b1aE3aE3aE1b1aE1b1aE1b1aE1b1a1E1b1a1
E-M588III515Eu2H2BE3a1E3a1E1b1a1E1b1a1E3a1E3a1E1b1a1E1b1a1E1b1a1E1b1a1a1aE1b1a1a1a
E-M116.28III515Eu2H2BE3a2E3a2E1b1a2E1b1a2E3a2E3a2E1b1a2E1b1a2E1ba12removedremoved
E-M1498III515Eu2H2BE3a3E3a3E1b1a3E1b1a3E3a3E3a3E1b1a3E1b1a3E1b1a3E1b1a1a1cE1b1a1a1c
E-M1548III515Eu2H2BE3a4E3a4E1b1a4E1b1a4E3a4E3a4E1b1a4E1b1a4E1b1a4E1b1a1a1g1cE1b1a1a1g1c
E-M1558III515Eu2H2BE3a5E3a5E1b1a5E1b1a5E3a5E3a5E1b1a5E1b1a5E1b1a5E1b1a1a1dE1b1a1a1d
E-M108III515Eu2H2BE3a6E3a6E1b1a6E1b1a6E3a6E3a6E1b1a6E1b1a6E1b1a6E1b1a1a1eE1b1a1a1e
E-M3525III414Eu4H2BE3b*E3bE1b1b1E1b1b1E3b1E3b1E1b1b1E1b1b1E1b1b1removedremoved
E-M7825III414Eu4H2BE3b1*E3b1E1b1b1aE1b1b1a1E3b1aE3b1aE1b1b1aE1b1b1aE1b1b1aE1b1b1a1E1b1b1a1
E-M14825III414Eu4H2BE3b1aE3b1aE1b1b1a3aE1b1b1a1c1E3b1a3aE3b1a3aE1b1b1a3aE1b1b1a3aE1b1b1a3aE1b1b1a1c1E1b1b1a1c1
E-M8125III414Eu4H2BE3b2*E3b2E1b1b1bE1b1b1b1E3b1bE3b1bE1b1b1bE1b1b1bE1b1b1bE1b1b1b1E1b1b1b1a
E-M10725III414Eu4H2BE3b2aE3b2aE1b1b1b1E1b1b1b1aE3b1b1E3b1b1E1b1b1b1E1b1b1b1E1b1b1b1E1b1b1b1aE1b1b1b1a1
E-M16525III414Eu4H2BE3b2bE3b2bE1b1b1b2E1b1b1b1b1E3b1b2E3b1b2E1b1b1b2aE1b1b1b2aE1b1b1b2aE1b1b1b2aE1b1b1b1a2a
E-M12325III414Eu4H2BE3b3*E3b3E1b1b1cE1b1b1cE3b1cE3b1cE1b1b1cE1b1b1cE1b1b1cE1b1b1cE1b1b1b2a
E-M3425III414Eu4H2BE3b3a*E3b3aE1b1b1c1E1b1b1c1E3b1c1E3b1c1E1b1b1c1E1b1b1c1E1b1b1c1E1b1b1c1E1b1b1b2a1
E-M13625III414Eu4H2BE3ba1E3b3a1E1b1b1c1aE1b1b1c1a1E3b1c1aE3b1c1aE1b1b1c1a1E1b1b1c1a1E1b1b1c1a1E1b1b1c1a1E1b1b1b2a1a1
F-M892VI1R20Eu10H4BF*FFFFFFFFFF
F-APT/H-APT15VI1R20Eu10H4BF1H2H2H2H2H2H2H2H2H2H2
G-M2012VI1R20Eu11H4BG*GGGGGGGGGG
G-P202VI1R20Eu11H4BG1G1aG1aG1aG1aG1aG1aG1aG1aG1aG1a
G-P152VI1Ha22Eu11H4BG2*G2G2aG2aG2G2G2aG2aG2aG2aG2a
G-P162VI1Hb22Eu11H4BG2a*G2aG2a1G2a1G2aG2aG2a1G2a1G2a1G2a1G2a1a1
G-P182VI1Hb22Eu11H4BG2a1G2a1G2a1aG2a1aG2a1G2a1G2a1aG2a1aG2a1aG2a1aG2a1a
H-M5235VI1R20Eu12H4BH*H1H1H1H1H1H1H1H1H1H1
H-M8235VI1R20Eu12H4BH1*H1aH1aH1aH1aH1aH1aH1aH1aH1aH1a
H-M3635VI1R20Eu12H4BH1aH1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1H1a1
H-M9735VI1R20Eu12H4BH1bH1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2H1a2
H-M3935VI1R21Eu12H4BH1cH1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3H1a3
I-M1702VI1R21Eu7H4BI*IIIIIIIIII
I-P382VI1R21Eu7H4BI1*I1III1I1IIIII
I-P302VI1R21Eu7H4BI1a*I1aI1I1I1aI1aI1I1I1I1I1
I-P402VI1R21Eu7H4BI1a1I1a1I1I1I1aI1aI1I1I1I1I1
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I-P41.22VI1R21Eu7H4BI1b1I1b1I2a1I2a2a-----I2a1b1I2a1b1
I-M262VI1R21Eu8H4BI1b2*I1b2I2a2I2a1-------
I-M1612VI1R21Eu8H4BI1b2aI1b2aI2a2aI2a1a-------
J-12f2a9VIMed23Eu10H4BJ*JJJ-------
J-M629VIMed23Eu10H4BJ1J1aJ1aJ1a-------
J-M1729VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2*J2J2J2-------
J-M479VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2aJ2aJ2a1J2a4a-------
J-M689VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2bJ2bJ2a3J2a4c-------
J-M1379VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2cJ2cJ2a4J2a4h2a1-------
J-M1589VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2dJ2dJ2a5J2a4h1-------
J-M129VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2e*J2eJ2bJ2b-------
J-M1029VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2e1*J2e1J2bJ2b-------
J-M999VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2e1aJ2e1aJ2b2aJ2b2a-------
J-M679VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2f*J2fJ2a2J2a4b-------
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J-M1639VIMed24Eu9H4BJ2f2J2f2J2a2bJ2a4b2-------
K-M926VIII1U25Eu16H5FK*KKK-------
K-SRY9138/M-SRY913823VIII1E25Eu16H5FK1K1M2aM2a-------
K-M70/T-M7026VIII1U25Eu15H5FK2K2TT1-------
K-M14726VIII1U25Eu16H5FK3K3K1K1-------
L-M2028VIII1U27Eu17H5FL*LLL-------
L-M2728VIII1U27Eu17H5FL1L1L1L1-------
M-M424VIII1U37Eu16H17EM*MM1M1-------
M-P3424VIII1U37Eu16H17EM1M1M1aM1a-------
M-P2224VIII1U38Eu16H17EM2*M2aM1b1M1b1-------
M-M1624VIII1U39Eu16H17EM2aM2a1M1b1aM1b1a-------
M-M8324VIII1U38Eu16H17EM2bM2a2M1b1bM1b1b-------
N-LLY22g12VIII1U25Eu16H5FN*NN1N1-------
N-M12812VIII1U25Eu16H5FN1N1N1aN1a-------
N-P6312VIII1U25Eu16H5FN2N2aN1b1N1b1-------
N-TAT12VIII1I26Eu13H5FN3*N3N1cN1c-------
N-M17816VIII1I26Eu14H5FN3a*M178N1c1N1c1-------
N-P2116VIII1I26Eu14H5FN3a1N3a1N1c1aN1c1a-------
O-M17526VII1U28Eu16H9IO*OOOOOOOOOO
O-M11926VII1U32Eu16H9HO1*O1aO1aO1aO1aO1aO1aO1aO1aO1aO1a
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P-M124/R-M1241X1C40Eu21H14P1R2R2R2R2R2R2R2R2aR2aR2a
Q-P361X1C40Eu20H14Q*QQ1Q1QQQ1Q1Q1Q1Q1
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R-M2071IX1C42Eu20H14DR*RRRRRRRRRR
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R-SRY10831.229IX1C45Eu18H14DR1a*R1aR1aR1a1R1aR1aR1a1R1a1R1a1removedremoved
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R-M181IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b1R1b1aR1b1aR1b1cR1b1aR1b1aR1b1aR1b1aR1b1aR1b1c1R1b1c1
R-M371IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b2R1b1c1R1b1b2aR1b1a2a1a1b4aR1b1c1R1b1c1R1b1b2a1b6aR1b1b2a1a2f1R1b1b2a1a2f1R1b1a2a1a1b4aremoved
R-M651IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b3R1b1c2R1b1b2bR1b1a2a1a1b1R1b1c2R1b1c2R1b1b2a1b1R1b1b2a1a2aR1b1b2a1a2aR1b1a2a1a1b1removed
R-M731IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b4R1b1bR1b1b1R1b1a1R1b1bR1b1bR1b1b1R1b1b1R1b1b1R1b1a1R1b1a1
R-M1261IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b5R1b1c3R1b1b2h1R1b1a2a1a1b3aR1b1c3R1b1c3R1b1b2a1b4aR1b1b2a1a2d1R1b1b2a1a2d1R1b1a2a1a1b3aremoved
R-M1531IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b6R1b1c4R1b1b2cR1b1a2a1a1b2R1b1c4R1b1c4R1b1b2a1b2R1b1b2a1a2bR1b1b2a1a2bR1b1a2a1a1b2aR1b1a2a1a1b1a1a1a
R-M1601IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b7R1b1c5R1b1b2h2R1b1a2a1a1b3bR1b1c5R1b1c5R1b1b2a1b4bR1b1b2a1a2d2R1b1b2a1a2d2R1b1a2a1a1b3bremoved
R-SRY262722IX1L44Eu18H14DR1b8R1b1c6R1b1b2dR1b1a2a1a1b5aR1b1c6R1b1c6R1b1b2a1b3R1b1b2a1a2cR1b1b2a1a2cremovedremoved

Original Research Publications

The following research teams per their publications were represented in the creation of the YCC Tree.

See also

Genetics

Y-DNA Haplogroups and Subclades

Y-DNA Backbone Tree

Phylogenetic tree of human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups [χ 1][χ 2]
"Y-chromosomal Adam"
A00 A0-T [χ 3]
A0 A1 [χ 4]
A1a A1b
A1b1 BT
B CT
DE CF
D E C F
F1  F2  F3  GHIJK
G HIJK
IJK H
IJ K
I   J     LT [χ 5]       K2 [χ 6]
L     T    K2a [χ 7]        K2b [χ 8]     K2c     K2d K2e [χ 9]  
K-M2313 [χ 10]     K2b1 [χ 11] P [χ 12]
NO   S [χ 13]  M [χ 14]    P1     P2
N O Q R

References

    Journals

    • Jobling, Mark A.; Tyler-Smith, Chris (2000), "New uses for new haplotypes", Trends in Genetics, 16 (8): 356–62, doi:10.1016/S0168-9525(00)02057-6, PMID 10904265 
    • Y Chromosome Consortium "YCC" (2002), "A Nomenclature System for the Tree of Human Y-Chromosomal Binary Haplogroups", Genome Research, 12 (2): 339–48, doi:10.1101/gr.217602, PMC 155271, PMID 11827954 
    • Semino, O.; Passarino, G; Oefner, PJ; Lin, AA; Arbuzova, S; Beckman, LE; De Benedictis, G; Francalacci, P; et al. (2000), "The Genetic Legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in Extant Europeans: A Y Chromosome Perspective", Science, 290 (5494): 1155–9, doi:10.1126/science.290.5494.1155, PMID 11073453 
    • Karafet, T. M.; Mendez, F. L.; Meilerman, M. B.; Underhill, P. A.; Zegura, S. L.; Hammer, M. F. (2008), "New binary polymorphisms reshape and increase resolution of the human Y chromosomal haplogroup tree", Genome Research, 18 (5): 830–8, doi:10.1101/gr.7172008, PMC 2336805, PMID 18385274 

    ISOGG

    ISOGG (2015). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree (current version)". 

    ISOGG (2006). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006".  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2011 2012 2013 2014



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