Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
|Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest|
|Final||22 October 2005|
|Venue||Forum, Copenhagen, Denmark|
|Host broadcaster||EBU, DR|
|Number of entries||14 songs from 1958 to 2005|
|Voting system||Televoting and juries; each country awarded 1–8, 10, and 12 points to their ten favourite songs|
|Winning song||"Waterloo" by ABBA|
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was a television programme organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to commemorate the Eurovision Song Contest's fiftieth anniversary and to determine the Contest's most popular entrant of its fifty years. It took place at Forum, Copenhagen on 22 October 2005. The host broadcaster was Danmarks Radio (DR). Fourteen songs from the Contest's first half-century, chosen through an internet poll and by a jury, contested the event. Thirty-one EBU-member countries broadcast the concert (although notably the United Kingdom, Italy and France did not) and televoting and juries in these countries decided the winner. A total of 2.5 million votes were cast during the night.
Selection of venue and hosts
In June 2004, the European Broadcasting Union announced that it was to hold a concert to celebrate fifty years of the Eurovision Song Contest. The event was to be held on 16 October 2005 at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England. The BBC was to host the concert. The Royal Albert Hall was reportedly unavailable, so in August 2004 the EBU announced that DR would stage the event instead. Eurovision Song Contest supervisor Svante Stockselius said that Denmark's previous experience of hosting Eurovision events (the 2001 Contest and the first Junior Eurovision Song Contest) were influential in the Union's choice. 1998 Eurovision winner Dana International, who appeared at the event, later went to suggest that the reason behind the change of host country was also due to the fact that the BBC wanted to present the show "with humour" as though to poke fun at the Contest, an idea that proved to be less popular with the EBU. The BBC went on to broadcast their own 50th anniversary program, Boom Bang-a-Bang: 50 Years of Eurovision. The event was codenamed Extravaganza. On 25 October 2004 Copenhagen was confirmed as the host city for the event, which was now scheduled to take place on 22 October 2005. In May 2005 Congratulations was confirmed as the official name of the concert. A month later DR announced that Forum Copenhagen would host the programme. On 9 September 2005, DR announced that Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers would present the concert. Leskanich was the lead singer of Katrina and The Waves, who won the Contest for the United Kingdom in 1997. Kaupers is the lead singer of Latvian group Brainstorm, who represented Latvia on its debut in the Contest in 2000.
Fourteen songs would compete in Congratulations. In May 2005 the EBU opened a poll on its website to decide ten songs that would contest the event. Voters chose their two favourite songs from each of five decades: 1956 to 1965, 1966 to 1975, 1976 to 1985, 1986 to 1995 and 1996 to 2005. The remaining four songs would be selected by the EBU's Reference Group. On 16 June 2005 the fourteen chosen songs were announced, although no indication was given as to which had been chosen online and which by the Reference Group. Eleven of the fourteen songs were Eurovision winners; only "Nel blu di pinto di blu", "Congratulations" and "Eres Tú" (which all finished in the top three at the Contest) were not. Two countries, the United Kingdom and Ireland, were represented twice on the list. Johnny Logan, who won the Contest twice for Ireland as a singer, had both of his songs featured on the list.
Semi-final (First Round)
All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the first round. The five songs that are marked in orange qualified to the second and final round.
|2||Johnny Logan||"What's Another Year?"||English||12||74|
|5||Nicole||"Ein bißchen Frieden"||German||7||106|
|6||Domenico Modugno||"Nel blu dipinto di blu"||Italian||2||200|
|8||Olsen Brothers||"Fly on the Wings of Love"||English||6||111|
|9||France Gall||"Poupée de cire, poupée de son"||French||14||37|
|10||Sertab Erener||"Everyway That I Can"||English||9||104|
|11||Celine Dion||"Ne partez pas sans moi"||French||10||98|
|12||Johnny Logan||"Hold Me Now"||English||3||182|
|13||Brotherhood of Man||"Save Your Kisses for Me"||English||5||154|
|14||Helena Paparizou||"My Number One"||English||4||167|
Final (Second Round)
All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the second round.
|1||Domenico Modugno||"Nel blu dipinto di blu"||Italian||2||267|
|3||Johnny Logan||"Hold Me Now"||English||3||262|
|4||Brotherhood of Man||"Save Your Kisses for Me"||English||5||230|
|5||Helena Paparizou||"My Number One"||English||4||245|
The show started with the traditional Eurovision "Te Deum" theme followed by a message from Cliff Richard. After a quick montage of all 14 songs, the orchestra began playing "Ding-A-Dong" (Netherlands 1975), with dancers on stage. "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (Israel 1978), "Le dernier qui a parlé..." (France 1991), and "Dschinghis Khan" (Germany 1979) was also played and accompanied by choreography, which was then followed by "Love Shine a Light" (UK 1997) sung by the co-host, Katrina Leskanich, who came out with flag holders of all the nations who ever participated in Eurovision.
Throughout the telecast, a number of highlights segments were presented which showed montages of various Eurovision performances which were either interesting, notable or unorthodox. There were 6 assortments, which were under the categories described by the hosts as 'past winners', 'political, daring, larger than life', 'cute men', 'unforgettable interpretation of dance', 'girlpower' and 'close/narrow second-place finishers'. A number of high-profile Eurovision artists returned to help introduce and present the show, these were: Carola Häggkvist, Massiel, Dana International, Birthe Wilke, Anne-Marie David, Sandra Kim, Elisabeth Andreassen, Hanne Krogh, Olsen Brothers, Emilija Kokić, Marie Myriam, Sertab Erener, Elena Paparizou, Nicole & Hugo, Cheryl Baker and Lys Assia. Cliff Richard and Nicole gave pre-recorded messages as they were unable to attend.
During the show, there were many presentations by various guest artists during the voting and tallying period. These consisted of the Finnish shouting choir Mieskuoro Huutajat, Riverdance (the 1994 interval act), Ronan Keating (the 1997 co-host), and Johnny Logan, singing his new single When a Woman Loves a Man, as well as an appearance by the Belgian duo of 1973, Nicole & Hugo.
There were three medleys, consisting of performances of past Eurovision songs. The first consisted of : Dana International, singing Parlez-vous Francais (originally performed by Baccara for Luxembourg in Eurovision Song Contest 1978); Carola Haggkvist, singing Främling (1983, 3rd place); Alsou, singing Solo (2000, 2nd); Fabrizio Faniello, singing Another Summer Night (2001 9th); Marie Myriam, singing L'Amour est bleu (originally performed by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1967); Richard Herrey, singing "Let Me Be the One" (originally performed by The Shadows for United Kingdom in 1975); and Thomas Thordarson, singing Vi Maler Byen Rød (originally performed by Birthe Kjær for Denmark in 1989).
The second consisted of: Gali Atari, singing Hallelujah (1979, winner); Bobbysocks, singing La Det Swinge (1985, winner); Anne-Marie David, singing Après Toi (originally sung by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1972, winner); Lys Assia, singing Refrain (1956, winner), Sandra Kim singing Non ho l'Eta (originally sung by Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy in 1964, winner) and Bucks Fizz singing Making your Mind Up (1981, winner).
The final medley was sung by Eimear Quinn, Charlie McGettigan, Jakob Sveistrup and Linda Martin, the Eurovision winners of 1996, 1994 and 1992, and (in Sveistrup's case), the 2005 Danish representative. All four acted as backup singers during the show.
Both juries and televoting were used at Congratulations; both having an equal influence over the vote. In the first round of voting, the number of songs was reduced to five. Each country awarded points from one to eight, then ten and finally twelve for their ten most popular songs. Unlike in the Contest proper, viewers were allowed to vote for songs which had represented their country. The top five songs were then subjected to another round of voting, where only six points and above were awarded. The voting was conducted in private, and the results were not announced until after the show. The song with the most points in the second round was the winner.
Although the results of the voting are known, the full voting has not been released by the EBU to date.
International broadcasts and voting
A total of thirty-four countries broadcast the event, but only thirty-two participated in the voting.
Countries that broadcast the contest live and were allowed to vote were;
Andorra (RTVA) Austria (ORF) Belgium (VRT, RTBF) Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT) Croatia (HRT) Cyprus (CyBC) Denmark (DR) Finland (YLE) Germany (ARD, WDR) Greece (ERT) Iceland (RÚV) Ireland (RTÉ) Israel (IBA) Latvia (LTV) Lithuania (LRT) Macedonia (MKRTV) Malta (PBS) Monaco (TMC) Netherlands (TROS) Norway (NRK) Poland (TVP) Portugal (RTP) Romania (TVR) Russia (C1R) Serbia and Montenegro (RTS, RTCG) Slovenia (RTVSLO) Spain (TVE) Sweden (SVT) Switzerland (SRG SSR idée suisse) Turkey (TRT) Ukraine (NTU)
Countries that broadcast the contest delayed and therefore lost the right to vote were;
Other countries that broadcast the contest;
Albania – Leon Menkshi Andorra – Meri Picart Austria – Elisabeth Engstler & Ernst Grissemann Belgium – André Vermeulen & Anja Daems (VRT), Viktor Lazlo & Yves Barbieux (RTBF) Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dino Merlin Croatia – Emilija Kokić Cyprus – Evi Papamichail Denmark – Nicolai Molbech Estonia – Marko Reikop Finland – Jaana Pelkonen & Heikki Seppälä (YLE TV2) Germany – Peter Urban Greece – Elizabeth Filipouli Iceland – Gísli Marteinn Baldursson Ireland – Marty Whelan Israel – No commentator Latvia – Marie N Malta – Tony Micallef Monaco – Bernard Montiel & Églantine Emeyé Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom Norway – Jostein Pedersen Poland – Artur Orzech Portugal – Eládio Clímaco Russia – Yelena Batinova Serbia and Montenegro – Duška Vučinić-Lučić (RTS1), TBC (TVCG) Slovenia – Andrej Hofer Spain – Beatriz Pécker & José María Íñigo Sweden – Pekka Heino Switzerland – Sandra Studer (SF), Serge Moisson (TSR), Sandy Altermatt (RTSI) Turkey – Bülend Özveren Ukraine – Pavlo Shylko
Countries that have previously competed but were not involved with the broadcast or voting of the contest;
The BBC (UK), RAI (Italy) and France Télévisions chose not to broadcast the event. Søren Therkelsen, the commissioning editor of the event, said he was "disappointed" at the broadcasters' decision not to transmit the show.
Winners of Eurovision
Switzerland 1956: Refrain by Lys Assia Netherlands 1959: Een Beetje by Teddy Scholten Denmark 1963: Dansevise by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann Austria 1966: Merci, Chérie by Udo Jürgens Spain 1969: Vivo cantando by Salomé Ireland 1970: All Kinds of Everything by Dana Luxembourg 1973: Tu te reconnaîtras by Anne-Marie David France 1977: L'oiseau et l'enfant by Marie Myriam United Kingdom 1981: Making Your Mind Up by Bucks Fizz Sweden 1984: Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley by Herrey's Ireland 1993: In Your Eyes by Niamh Kavanagh Norway 1995: Nocturne by Secret Garden Sweden 1999: Take Me to Your Heaven by Charlotte Latvia 2002: I Wanna by Marie N
Norway 1980: Sámiid Ædnan by Sverre Kjelsberg and Mattis Hætta United Kingdom 1981: Making Your Mind Up by Bucks Fizz 1985: Host Lill Lindfors suffering a wardrobe malfunction live in the show. Germany 2000: Wadde hadde dudde da? by Stefan Raab Belgium 1980: Euro-Vision by Telex Israel 2000: Sameach by PingPong Ukraine 2005: Razom nas bahato, nas ne podolaty by GreenJolly Latvia 2002: I Wanna by Marie N Slovenia 2002: Samo ljubezen by Sestre Iceland 1997: Minn hinsti dans by Paul Oscar Norway 2005: In My Dreams by Wig Wam Finland 1976: Pump-Pump by Fredi & Friends Belgium 1973: Baby, Baby by Nicole & Hugo Austria 1981: Wenn du da bist by Marty Brem Israel 1987: Shir Habatlanim by Lazy Bums Yugoslavia 1991: Brazil by Bebi Dol Sweden 2000: When Spirits Are Calling My Name by Roger Pontare Switzerland 1979: Trödler und Co by Peter, Sue and Marc & Pfuri Gorps & Kniri France 1994: Je suis un vrai garçon by Nina Morato Germany 1998: Guildo hat euch lieb! by Guildo Horn Moldova 2005: Bunica Bate Toba by Zdob și Zdub Austria 2003: Weil der Mensch zählt by Alf Poier Denmark 1957: Skibet skal sejle i nat by Birthe Wilke and Gustav Winckler
Men in Eurovision
France 1961: Printemps, avril carillonne by Jean-Paul Mauric Spain 1962: Llámame by Victor Balaguer Belgium 1969: Jennifer Jennings by Louis Neefs Norway 1968: Stress by Odd Børre Spain 1970: Gwendolyne by Julio Iglesias Finland 1967: Varjoon – suojaan by Fredi Netherlands 1982: Jij en ik by Bill van Dijk United Kingdom 1962: Ring-A-Ding Girl by Ronnie Carroll Italy 1965: Se piangi, se ridi by Bobby Solo Israel 1974: Natati La Khayay by Kaveret Belgium 1973: Baby, Baby by Nicole & Hugo Belgium 1974: Fleur de liberté by Jacques Hustin Luxembourg 1976: Chansons pour ceux qui s'aiment by Jürgen Marcus Austria 1957: Wohin, kleines Pony? by Bob Martin Italy 1980: Non so che darei by Alan Sorrenti Ireland 1966: Come Back to Stay by Dickie Rock Sweden 1980: Just nu! by Tomas Ledin Austria 1959: Der K und K Kalypso aus Wien by Ferry Graf Russia 1995: Kolybelnaya dlya vulkana by Philipp Kirkorov Denmark 1980: Tænker altid på dig by Bamses Venner Austria 1991: Venedig im Regen by Thomas Forstner Iceland 1986: Gleðibankinn by ICY Malta 1975: Singing This Song by Renato
Dancing in Eurovision
Germany 1959: Heute Abend wollen wir tanzen geh'n by Kessler Twins Belgium 1983: Rendez-vous by Pas de Deux Denmark 1966: Stop – mens legen er go' by Ulla Pia Turkey 1987: Şarkım Sevgi Üstüne by Seyyal Taner & Locomotif Germany 1977: Telegram by Silver Convention United Kingdom 1982: One Step Further by Bardo Austria 1977: Boom Boom Boomerang by Schmetterlinge Luxembourg 1978: Parlez-vous français? by Baccara Germany 1979: Dschinghis Khan by Dschinghis Khan Austria 1982: Sonntag by Mess Spain 1977: Enséñame a cantar by Micky Denmark 1981: Krøller eller ej by Tommy Seebach and Debbie Cameron Belgium 1973: Baby, Baby by Nicole & Hugo United Kingdom 1983: I'm Never Giving Up by Sweet Dreams Denmark 1983: Kloden drejer by Gry Johansen Sweden 1985: Bra vibrationer by Kikki Danielsson Portugal 1982: Bem bom by Doce Norway 1986: Romeo by Ketil Stokkan Ireland 1969: The Wages of Love by Muriel Day Greece 2002: S.A.G.A.P.O. by Michalis Rakintzis France 2004: À chaque pas by Jonatan Cerrada Yugoslavia 1983: Džuli by Daniel United Kingdom 1987: Only the Light by Rikki Greece 2004: Shake It by Sakis Rouvas Netherlands 1966: Fernando en Filippo by Milly Scott
Women in Eurovision
Sweden 1963: En gång i Stockholm by Monica Zetterlund Spain 1961: Estando contigo by Conchita Bautista Spain 1990: Bandido by Azúcar Moreno Germany 1975: Ein Lied kann eine Brücke sein by Joy Fleming Netherlands 1993: Vrede by Ruth Jacott Greece 1991: I Anixi by Sophia Vossou Spain 1983: ¿Quién maneja mi barca? by Remedios Amaya United Kingdom 1996: Ooh Aah... Just a Little Bit by Gina G Russia 1997: Primadonna by Alla Pugacheva Norway 1966: Intet er nytt under solen by Åse Kleveland Monaco 1967: Boum-Badaboum by Minouche Barelli Portugal 1969: Desfolhada portuguesa by Simone de Oliveira Spain 1965: ¡Qué bueno, qué bueno! by Conchita Bautista Croatia 2002: Everything I Want by Vesna Pisarović Greece 2003: Never Let You Go by Mando Belgium 1973: Baby, Baby by Nicole & Hugo Norway 1976: Mata Hari by Anne-Karine Strøm France 1967: Il doit faire beau là-bas by Noëlle Cordier Italy 1992: Rapsodia by Mia Martini Croatia 1999: Marija Magdalena by Doris Dragović Portugal 1966: Ele e ela by Madalena Iglésias Monaco 1971: Un banc, un arbre, une rue by Séverine Netherlands 1965: 't Is Genoeg by Conny Vandenbos Portugal 1988: Voltarei by Dora
Luxembourg 1978: Parlez-vous français? (English version) by Baccara Sweden 1983: Främling by Carola Russia 2000: Solo by Alsou Malta 2001: Another Summer Night by Fabrizio Faniello Luxembourg 1967: L'amour est bleu by Vicky Leandros United Kingdom 1975: Let Me Be the One by The Shadows Denmark 1989: Vi maler byen rød by Birthe Kjær
Eurovision Winners Medley
Israel 1979: Hallelujah (English version) by Gali Atari (of Milk and Honey) Norway 1985: La det swinge by Bobbysocks Luxembourg 1972: Après toi by Anne-Marie David Switzerland 1956: Refrain by Lys Assia Italy 1964: Non ho l'età by Sandra Kim United Kingdom 1981: Making Your Mind Up by Bucks Fizz (Cheryl Baker, Mike Nolan and Shelley Preston)
France 1976: Un, deux, trois by Catherine Ferry United Kingdom 1972: Beg, Steal or Borrow by The New Seekers United Kingdom 1961: Are You Sure? by The Allisons Spain 1979: Su canción by Betty Missiego Germany 1987: Lass die Sonne in dein Herz by Wind France 1991: Le Dernier qui a parlé... by Amina Germany 1981: Johnny Blue by Lena Valaitis Israel 1982: Hora by Avi Toledano Switzerland 1963: T'en va pas by Esther Ofarim Spain 1995: Vuelve conmigo by Anabel Conde Switzerland 1958: Giorgio by Lys Assia Iceland 1999: All Out of Luck by Selma France 1990: White and Black Blues by Joëlle Ursull Sweden 1966: Nygammal vals by Lill Lindfors and Svante Thuresson Denmark 2001: Never Ever Let You Go by Rollo & King Norway 1996: I evighet by Elisabeth Andreassen
Medley ‘Backing vocals'
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