Comparative officer ranks of World War II

The following table compares the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.

Table

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
British Empire
Army
[1]
Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
British Empire
Air Force
[1]
Marshal of the RAF Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Officer Cadet
British Empire
Navy
[1]
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Kingdom of Bulgaria
Army & Air Force
[2]
No equivalent
No equivalent
General-pukovnik General-leitenant General-maior Plukovník Podplukovník Maior Kapitan Starshy leytenant Leytenant Mladsy Leytenant
Kingdom of Bulgaria
Navy
No equivalent
No equivalent
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Republic of China
Army & Air Force
[1]
No equivalent No equivalent
Generalissimo
特級上將
Colonel General
一級上將
General
二級上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Republic of China
Navy
No equivalent
Admiralissimo
特級上將
General Admiral
一級上將
Admiral
二級上將
Vice admiral
中將
Rear admiral
少將
Captain
上校
Commander
中校
Lieutenant commander
少校
Lieutenant
上尉
Lieutenant (junior grade)
中尉
Ensign
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Officer cadet
軍校生
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Czechoslovakia
Army
No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent
Armádní generál Divizní generál Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporuchik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Denmark
Army
[3]
No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
Denmark
Navy
[4]
No equivalent No equivalent
Admiral Viceadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptajn Orlogskaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Søløjtnant I Løjtnant Søløjtnant II
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Finland
Army & Air Force
No equivalent
Sotamarsalkka
Fältmarskalk
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Yliluutnantti
Premiärlöjtnant
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev
Finland
Navy
No equivalent No equivalent
Amiraali Vara-amiraali Kontra-amiraali Kommodori Komentaja Komentajakapteeni Kapteeniluutnantti Yliluutnantti Luutnantti Aliluutnantti Upseerikokelas Upseerioppilas
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
France
Army & Air Force

[1]
Maréchal de France Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier
France
Navy
[1]
Amiral de France Amiral de la Flotte Amiral Vice-amiral d'escadre Vice-amiral Contre-amiral Capitaine de vaisseau Capitaine de frégate Capitaine de corvette Lieutenant de vaisseau Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe Aspirant Élève-officier
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Nazi Germany
Army & Air Force
Reichsmarschall Generalfeldmarschall Generaloberst General der Waffengattung Generalleutnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant
Nazi Germany
Navy
Großadmiral Generaladmiral Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral Kommodore Kapitän zur See Fregatten-
kapitän
Korvetten-
kapitän
Kapitän-
leutnant
Oberleutnant
zur See
Leutnant
zur See
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Kingdom of Greece
Army
No equivalent
Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Kingdom of Greece
Air Force
No equivalent No equivalent
Marshal of the air force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Kingdom of Greece
Navy
No equivalent
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Imperial Japan
Army & Air Force
No equivalent No equivalent
Daigensui-Rikugun-Taishō
大元帥陸軍大将
Gensui-Rikugun-Taishō
元帥陸軍大将
Rikugun-Taishō
陸軍大将
Rikugun-Chūjō
陸軍中将
Rikugun-Shōshō
陸軍少将
Rikugun-Taisa
陸軍大佐
Rikugun-Chūsa
陸軍中佐
Rikugun-Shōsa
陸軍少佐
Rikugun-Tai-i
陸軍大尉
Rikugun-Chūi
陸軍中尉
Rikugun-Shōi
陸軍少尉
Jun-i
准尉
Imperial Japan
Navy
No equivalent
Daigensui-Kaigun-Taishō
大元帥海軍大将
Gensui-kaigun-Taishō
元帥海軍大将
Kaigun-Taishō
海軍大将
Kaigun-Chūjō
海軍中将
Kaigun-Shōshō
海軍少将
Kaigun-Daisa
海軍大佐
Kaigun-Chūsa
海軍中佐
Kaigun-Shōsa
海軍少佐
Kaigun-Dai-i
海軍大尉
Kaigun-Chūi
海軍中尉
Kaigun-Shōi
海軍少尉
Hēsōchō
兵曹長
Kaigun shōi kōhosei
海軍少尉候補生
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Italy
Army
Primo maresciallo dell'Impero Maresciallo d'Italia Generale d'Armata Generale designato d'Armata Generale di Corpo d'Armata Generale di Divisione Generale di Brigata Colonnello Comandante Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Primo Tenente Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
Italy
Air Force
Maresciallo dell'Aria Generale d'Armata Aerea Generale designato d'Armata Aerea Generale di Corpo d'Armata Aerea Generale di Divisione Aerea Generale di Brigata Aerea Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo Capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
Italy
Navy
Grande ammiraglio Ammiraglio d'armata Ammiraglio designato d'armata Ammiraglio di Squadra Ammiraglio di Divisione Contrammiraglio Capitano di Vascello Capitano di Fregata Capitano di Corvetta Primo Tenente di Vascello Tenente di Vascello Sottotenente di Vascello Guardiamarina Aspirante Guardiamarina
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Manchukuo
Army
No equivalent
General of the Army
總司令
Army General
上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Manchukuo
Navy
No equivalent No equivalent
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Acting Sub-Lieutenant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Mengjiang
Army
No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent
General
上将
Lieutenant General
中将
Major General
少将
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant-colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
Lieutenant
中尉
Junior Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Norway
Army
No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Poland
Army & Air Force
[1]
No equivalent No equivalent
Marszałek Polski Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan[note 1] Porucznik Podporucznik Chorąży
Poland
Navy
[1]
No equivalent Various
Marszałek Polski Admirał Wiceadmirał Kontradmirał Komandor Komandor porucznik Komandor podporucznik Kapitan marynarki Porucznik marynarki Podporucznik marynarki Chorąży marynarki Podchorąży
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
USA
Army & Air Force
[1]
Various
General of the Armies[note 2] General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Candidate Officer Cadet
USA
Navy
[1]
Various
Admiral of the Navy[note 2] Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore[note 3] Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign Midshipman/Officer Candidate
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
USSR
Army & Air Force
[1]
Glavny marshal roda voysk Marshal roda voysk General armii
No equivalent
Generalissimus Sovétskogo Soyuza[note 4] Marshal Sovétskogo Soyuza Generál-Polkóvnik Generál-Leytenánt Generál-Mayór Polkóvnik Podpolkóvnik Mayór Kapitán Stárshiy leytenánt Leytenánt Mládshiy leytenánt
USSR
Navy
[1]
No equivalent No equivalent
Admiral of the fleet
Адмирал флота[note 5]
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице-адмирал
Rear admiral
Контр-адмирал
Captain 1st rank
Капитан 1-го ранга
Captain 2nd rank
Капитан 2-го ранга
Captain 3rd rank
Капитан 3-го ранга
Captain Lieutenant
Капитан-лейтенант
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
Junior lieutenant
Младший лейтенант
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Army

[5]
No equivalent
Field Marshal
Бојни Војвода
Army General
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Air Force

[5]
No equivalent
Army General
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Navy

[5]
No equivalent
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице Адмирал
Counter Admiral
Контра Адмирал
Captain at sea
Капетан Бојног Брода
Frigate captain
Капетан Фрегате
Corvette captain
Капетан Корвете
Lieutenant
Поручник Бојног Брода Прве Класе
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Поручник Бојног Брода Друге Класе
Frigate captain
Поручник Фрегате
Corvette lieutenant
Поручник Корвете
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Yugoslav Partisans
(after 1943)
Army
No equivalent
Maršal Jugoslavije[note 6] General-pukovnik General-lajtant General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer

Notes

  1. Traditionally captains of Polish cavalry held the rank of rotmistrz, a direct equivalent of the rank of kapitan in other branches of the military.
  2. 1 2 This rank was never awarded during the War.
  3. Reintroduced in 1943.
  4. This rank was only proposed and never used.
  5. Elevated to position equal to Marshal of the Soviet Union after 1944.
  6. This was the highest rank of (equivalent to field marshal) and simultaneously a Yugoslav honorific title.

References

See also

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