Close-mid central rounded vowel

Close-mid central rounded vowel
ɵ
ö
IPA number 323
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɵ
Unicode (hex) U+0275
X-SAMPA 8
Kirshenbaum @.
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The close-mid central rounded vowel, or high-mid central rounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɵ, a lowercase barred letter o.

The character ɵ has been used in several Latin-derived alphabets such as the one for Yañalif, but in that language it denotes a different sound than it does in the IPA. The character is homographic with Cyrillic Ө. The Unicode code point is U+019F Ɵ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH MIDDLE TILDE (HTML Ɵ).

This sound rarely contrasts with the near-close near-front rounded vowel. For this reason, it may be sometimes transcribed with the symbol ʏ. An example of a language contrasting /ɵ/ with /ʏ/ is the Hamont dialect of Limburgish, but in phonemic transcription, the sounds are normally transcribed with /ʏ/ and /y/, respectively.[2] Some speakers of the Chemnitz dialect of German also contrast /ɵ/ with /ʏ/; the former vowel generally corresponds to standard German /ʊ/, whereas the latter vowel occurs only in certain cognates of standard German words and can be unrounded to [ɪ].[3]

The physically possible close-mid central compressed vowel has not been reported to occur in any language,[4] but could be transcribed as a centralized close-mid front rounded vowel [ø̈], which is normally compressed. Other possible transcriptions are ɘ͡β̞⟩ (simultaneous [ɘ] and labial compression) and [ɘᵝ] ([ɘ] modified with labial compression).

Features

IPA: Vowels
Front Central Back

Paired vowels are: unrounded  rounded

  • Its roundedness is protruded, which means that the corners of the lips are drawn together, and the inner surfaces exposed.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
AzerbaijaniStandardTypically transcribed as /œ/.
ChineseCantonese/ceot7[tsʰɵt˥]'to go out'See Cantonese phonology
DutchStandard[5][6]hut[ɦɵt]'hut'Also described as front [ʏ̞].[7][8] Typically transcribed in IPA with ʏ or, more rarely, with ʉ, ɵ or œ. See Dutch phonology
EnglishCardiff[9]foot[fɵt]'foot'More often unrounded [ɘ];[10] corresponds to [ʊ] in other dialects. See English phonology
Cultivated South African[11]Younger, especially female speakers.[11] Other speakers have a less front vowel [ʊ]. May be transcribed in IPA with ʊ̟ or ʉ̞. See South African English phonology
Received Pronunciation[12][fɵʔt]Younger speakers. Others pronounce [ʊ]. See English phonology
Hull[13]goat[ɡɵːt]'goat'Corresponds to /oʊ/ in other dialects.
New Zealand[14]bird[bɵːd]'bird'Possible realization of /ɵː/. See New Zealand English phonology
GermanChemnitz dialect[15]Wunder[ˈʋɵn̪(t̪)o̽ˤ]'wonder'Contrasts with /ʏ/ (in certain cognates of standard German words) for some speakers.[3]
Hiw[16]yöykö[jɵjkɵŋ]'forget'
IrishMunster[17]dúnadh[ˈd̪ˠuːn̪ˠө]'closing'Allophone of /ə/ adjacent to broad consonants, when the vowel in the preceding syllable is either /uː/ or /ʊ/.[17] See Irish phonology
LimburgishHamont dialect[2]Rùs[ʀɵs²]'a Russian'May be transcribed in IPA with ʏ.[2][18]
Maastrichtian[18]un[ɵn]'onion'
Mongolian[19]өгөх[ɵɡɵx]'to give'
NorwegianUrban East[20]søt[sɵːt]'sweet'One of the possible realizations of /øː/. See Norwegian phonology
Russian[21]тётя [ˈtʲɵtʲə]'aunt'Allophone of /o/ following a palatalized consonant. See Russian phonology
Tajik[22]кӯҳ[kʰɵːh]'mountain'Merges with /u/ in central and southern dialects.
Toda?[pɵːr̘]'name'
Uzbekkoʻz[kɵz]'eye'
West FrisianSouthwestern dialects[23]fuotten[ˈfɵtn̩]'feet'Corresponds to [wo] in other dialects.[23] See West Frisian phonology
XumiLower[24][RPʎ̟ɐtsɵ]'to filter tea'Typically transcribed in IPA with ʉ.[24]
Upper[25][Htɵ]'way to do things'Allophone of /o/ after alveolar consonants; may be realized as [o] or [ɤ] instead.[25]

The vowel transcribed in IPA with ɵ in Central Standard Swedish is actually mid ([ɵ̞]).[26]

See also

References

Bibliography

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