Climate change opinion by country

Proportion who reported knowing "something" or a "great deal" about global warming. Darker areas indicate a greater proportion of individuals aware, yellow indicates no data.
Proportion responding yes when asked, "Temperature rise is part of global warming or climate change. Do you think rising temperatures are [...] a result of human activities?"
Proportion responding in 2008–09 that global warming was a serious personal threat.

Climate change opinion is the aggregate of public opinion held by the adult population. Cost constraints often restrict surveys to sample only one or two countries from each continent or focus on only one region. Because of differences among questions, wording, and methods—it is difficult to reliably compare results or to generalize them to opinions held worldwide.

In 2007–2008, the Gallup Poll surveyed individuals from 128 countries in the first comprehensive study of global opinions. The Gallup Organization aggregated opinion from the adult population fifteen years of age and older, either through the telephone or personal interviews, and in both rural and urban areas except in areas where the safety of interviewer was threatened and in scarcely populated islands. Personal interviews were stratified by population size or geography and cluster sampling was achieved through one or more stages. Although error bounds vary, they were all below ±6% with 95% confidence.

Weighting countries to a 2008 World Bank population estimate, sixty-one percent of individuals worldwide were aware of global warming, developed countries more aware than developing, with Africa the least aware. The median of people perceiving it as a threat was 47%. Latin America and developed countries in Asia led the belief that climate change was a result of human activities, while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and countries from the Former Soviet Union led in the opposite. Awareness often translates to concern, although of those aware, individuals in Europe and developed countries in Asia perceived global warming as a greater threat than others.

Table

 
Knowing "something" or a "great deal" about global warming when asked "How much do you know about global warming or climate change?"
Caused by human activity 
Responding yes when asked, "Temperature rise is part of global warming or climate change. Do you think rising temperatures are [...] a result of human activities?" Note: the other answer option was "a result of natural causes," but respondents were also allowed to indicate "both" (or "no opinion"). People voting "both" are not included in the numbers.
Perceived as threat 
Responding that global warming is a serious personal threat.

Unless referenced otherwise, all data is from the 2007–2008 Gallup poll mentioned earlier.

CountryAwarenessCaused by
human activity
Perceived
as threat
 Afghanistan252927
 Algeria565446
 Angola437038
 Argentina768171
 Armenia782865
 Australia9746[1]75
 Austria955154
 Azerbaijan584243
 Bangladesh336232
 Belarus804830
 Belgium895068
 Belize535945
 Benin214615
 Bolivia557351
 Botswana382630
 Brazil798076
 Burkina Faso365234
 Burundi223820
 Cambodia583451
 Cameroon495232
 Canada956174
 Central African Republic565837
 Chad453138
 Chile737869
 China625821
 Colombia687765
 Costa Rica758772
 Czech Republic875239
 Democratic Republic of the Congo535241
 Denmark904940
 Djibouti436235
 Dominican Republic505246
 Ecuador708169
 Egypt256021
 El Salvador557551
 Estonia884632
 Ethiopia805673
 Finland985339
 France936375
 Georgia623747
 Germany965960
 Ghana265119
 Greece878482
 Guatemala577251
 Guinea554043
 Guyana673656
 Haiti463835
 Honduras625857
 Hong Kong937854
 Hungary936575
 Iceland953833
 India355329
 Indonesia395533
 Iran556243
 Iraq553828
 Ireland946660
 Israel866362
 Italy846576
 Japan999180
 Jordan625351
 Kazakhstan605435
 Kenya565949
 Kyrgyzstan524239
 Laos806549
 Latvia915437
 Lebanon646454
 Liberia154113
 Lithuania915047
 Luxembourg956075
 Madagascar496746
 Malaysia716350
 Mali537248
 Malta756864
 Mauritania444835
 Mexico677163
 Moldova834873
 Mongolia755430
 Morocco306829
 Mozambique545348
 Namibia464935
   Nepal374832
 Netherlands964457
 Nicaragua536649
 Niger243521
 Nigeria282718
 Norway974743
 Pakistan342524
 Palestine675055
 Panama657361
 Paraguay587954
 Peru627258
 Philippines477242
 Poland845854
 Portugal907985
 Qatar643943
 Republic of the Congo415831
 Romania816066
 Russia855239
 Rwanda304422
 Saudi Arabia493940
 Senegal362733
 Sierra Leone363124
 Singapore844459
 South Africa312921
 South Korea939280
 Spain857169
 Sri Lanka736365
 Sudan476942
 Sweden966456
 Syria565441
 Taiwan917070
 Tajikistan438119
 Tanzania531548
 Thailand885561
 Togo294323
 Trinidad and Tobago727671
 Tunisia605046
 Turkey747066
 Uganda356630
 Ukraine795152
 United Kingdom974869
 United States974963
 Uruguay737568
 Uzbekistan531838
 Venezuela636562
 Vietnam734953
 Zambia274318
 Zimbabwe524136
Average635547

References

Further reading

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