Citlaltépetl, Veracruz

Citlaltépetl
Municipality
Church of St. Nicholas of Tolentino in Citlaltépec, the municipal seat

Location in Veracruz
Citlaltépetl
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 21°19′47″N 97°52′44″W / 21.32972°N 97.87889°W / 21.32972; -97.87889Coordinates: 21°19′47″N 97°52′44″W / 21.32972°N 97.87889°W / 21.32972; -97.87889[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Veracruz
Established 12 June 1872
Seat Citlaltépec
Government[2]
  President Eutiquia Reyes Santiago
Area[3]
  Total 81.539 km2 (31.482 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 222 m (728 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
  Total 11,081
  Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 12,109
  Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
  Seat 5,005
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
Postal codes 92230–92268[5]
Area code 785
Website Official website

Citlaltépetl (Nahuatl: "star mountain") is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 223 kilometres (139 mi) northwest of the state capital of Xalapa and 99 kilometres (62 mi) south of the city of Tampico, Tamaulipas.

Geography

The municipality of Citlaltépetl is located in central Veracruz at an altitude between 80 and 1,300 metres (260–4,270 ft), with the south being higher in elevation. It borders the municipalities of Ozuluama to the northwest, Tantima to the northeast and east, Tancoco to the southeast, and Chontla to the west.[6] The municipality covers an area of 81.539 square kilometres (31.482 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.1% of the state's area.[4]

The majority of the land in Citlaltépetl (65.55%) is pastureland. The dominant soils in the municipality are vertisols and regosols.[6]

Citlaltépetl's climate is warm with rain falling mostly in the summer. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 21 and 25 °C (70–77 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 1,400 and 1,600 millimetres (55–63 in).[6]

History

In pre-Hispanic times the area was inhabited by the Huastec people, and the Mexica also kept a military presence there.[2] Citlaltépetl was incorporated on 12 June 1872 as a municipality in the canton of Tampico in the state of Veracruz. It became a free municipality on 15 January 1918.[9]

Administration

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor).[2] The current president of the municipality is Eutiquia Reyes Santiago.[10]

Demographics

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Citlaltépetl recorded a population of 11,081 inhabitants living in 2771 households.[11] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 12,109 inhabitants in Citlaltépetl, 81.85% of whom reported being of Indigenous ancestry and 4.29% reported being of African ancestry.[4] In the 2010 Census, 1955 people or 18% of the population in Citlaltépetl reported speaking an Indigenous language, of which 1887 spoke Nahuatl.[1]

There are 30 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat Citlaltépec is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 5005 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[11]

Economy

The main economic activity in Citlaltépetl is farming. Corn, coffee and oranges are the main crops grown, and cattle and pigs are raised.[12]

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "Citlaltépetl". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Citlaltépetl: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 112. ISBN 978-607-739-871-4.
  5. "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Citlaltépetl, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  7. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  8. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  9. Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 106, 160–161. ISBN 970-13-1517-0.
  10. Hernández, Adela (5 June 2017). "Contundente triunfo de Eutiquia Reyes Santiago en Citlaltépetl, Veracruz". Síntesis del Golfo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  11. 1 2 "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Citlaltépetl". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  12. "Plan Municipal de Desarrollo 2014–2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipal council of Citlaltépetl, Veracruz. pp. 61–62. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
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