Chinese Red Army

Flag of Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Active 1928 – 1937
Country Republic of China
Allegiance Communist Party of China
Branch Central Military Commission
Engagements Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (traditional Chinese: 中國工農紅軍; simplified Chinese: 中国工农红军; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gōngnóng Hóngjūn), renamed Chinese People's Red Army (traditional Chinese: 中國人民紅軍; simplified Chinese: 中国人民红军; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Hóngjūn)[1] in 1936, commonly known as the Chinese Red Army, or simply the Red Army (traditional Chinese: 紅軍; simplified Chinese: 红军; pinyin: Hóngjūn), was the armed forces of the Communist Party of China from 1928 to 1937. They were incorporated into the National Revolutionary Army as part of the Second United Front with the Kuomintang to participate in the Second Sino-Japanese War. They were eventually renamed as People's Liberation Army in later stage of the Chinese Civil War.


The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army was created on May 25, 1928, at the beginning of the Chinese Civil War. Between 1934 and 1935, the Red Army survived several campaigns against the Nationalist forces who were led by the Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and engaged in the Long March. By the time of the 1934 Long March, numerous small units had been organized into three unified groups, the First Red Front Army (紅一方面軍), the Second Red Front Army (紅二方面軍) and the Fourth Red Front Army (紅四方面軍). When the anti-Japanese war broke out on July 7, 1937, the communist military forces were nominally integrated into the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China forming the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army units. At the time of the Second Sino-Japanese War, it had 1 million armed men.

After the Communist Party assumed power in 1949, veterans of the Red Army have been venerated in Chinese culture, and are distinguished from those who joined to fight with the Communist Party after the integration with the Nationalists or during the second civil war.

Main leadership

First Red Army:

Second Red Army:

Fourth Red Army:


  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 李涛 (2012-11-01). 《湘江血泪:中央红军长征突破四道封锁线纪实》 (in Chinese). 长征出版社. ISBN 9787802047488.
  3. 《中國國民黨史》:“赤匪自稱這次流竄為長征。這次長征開始於民國二十三年十月,到二十四年一月,紅軍主力已到達貴州的遵義。”
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