Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party

Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party
中国农工民主党
Zhōngguó Nónggōng Mínzhǔdǎng
Chairperson Chen Zhu
Founded November 1927, formally in 9 August 1930 (1930-08-09)[1]
Preceded by Productive People's Party
Headquarters Beijing
Newspaper Qianjin Luntan(Forum For Advancement)[2]
Medicine & Health Care Daily[3]
Membership 145,000[4]
Ideology Socialism with Chinese characteristics
Xi Jinping Thought
Chinese unification
Patriotism
Progressivism
New Democracy[5][1]
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation United Front
National People's Congress
89 / 2,987
Standing Committee of NPC
6 / 166
State Administrations and Bureaus under ministry-level agencies
2 / 17
Website
Official Site
Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 中国农工民主党
Traditional Chinese 中國農工民主黨
Abbreviation
Chinese 农工党
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཀྲུང་གོ་ཞིང་བཟོ་དམངས་གཙོ་ཏང
Zhuang name
Zhuang Cunghgoz Nungzgungh Minzcuj Danj
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Дундад улсын тариачны-ажилчин ардчилсан нам
Mongolian script ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
ᠲᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠴᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠴᠢᠨ
ᠠᠷᠠᠳᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠨᠠᠮ
Uyghur name
Uyghur
جۇڭگو دېھقان-ئىشچىلار دېموكراتىك پارتىيىسى
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠨᠣᠩᡬᠣᠩᡩᠠᠩ
Romanization Nongg'ongdang

The Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party (Chinese: 中国农工民主党) is one of the eight non-communist, legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. The current chairman is former Minister of Health Chen Zhu.

History

Foundation

The party had its origins in the collapse of the First United Front when they first met on November 1927. Its original members were left-wing Nationalists and expelled Communists which called themselves the "Provisional Action Committee of the Chinese Nationalist Party" or "Third Party" (despite the name, the Young China Party was third largest in the late 1920s–40s).

After August 1930, the party became a cohesive entity under Deng Yanda, who organized it under democratic centralism like both the Nationalists and Communists. Deng was secretly executed by Chiang Kai-shek in 1931 and the party went underground.

In 1933, the party, now led by Huang Qixiang, joined with the short-lived "Productive People's Party" in starting the failed People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China. In 1935, they renamed themselves in to the "Chinese Action Committee for National Liberation". It was one of the founding parties of the China Democratic League. Its leaders renamed the party in February 1947 to its current name.

Present

Currently, the Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party comprises a membership of 144,000, most of whom work in the fields of public health, culture and education, science and technology.

Chairpersons

  1. Deng Yanda (邓演达) (1930–1931)
  2. Huang Qixiang (黄琪翔) (1931–1938)
  3. Zhang Bojun (章伯钧) (1938–1958)
  4. Ji Fang (季方) (1958–1987)
  5. Zhou Gucheng (周谷城) (1987–1988)
  6. Lu Jiaxi (卢嘉锡) (1988–1997)
  7. Jiang Zhenghua (蒋正华) (1997–2007)
  8. Sang Guowei (桑国卫) (2007–2012)
  9. Chen Zhu (陈竺) (2012 – present)[6]

References

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