China Earthquake Administration
The China Earthquake Administration (CEA), (simplified Chinese: 中国地震局; traditional Chinese: 中國地震局; pinyin: Zhōngguó dìzhèn jú) is mandated by the Law of the People's Republic of China on Protecting Against and Mitigating Earthquake Disasters of PRC to enforce the earthquake administration in the nation under the administration of State Council of the People's Republic of China.
Some English text use the name Chinese Seismic Bureau (CSB). In older text, it was also referred to by its former name, National Earthquake Bureau (NEB) or National Seismic Bureau (NSB).
CEA presently has nine bureaus, two of which directly under the control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
- Administrative Office and Office of Policy Research (Chinese: 办公室（政策研究室）)
- Bureau of Development and Finance (Chinese: 发展与财务司)
- Bureau of Monitoring and Prediction (Chinese: 监测预报司)
- Bureau of Earthquake Damage Protection (Chinese: 震害防御司（法规司）)
- Bureau of Earthquake Emergency Response and Relief (Chinese: 震灾应急救援司)
- Bureau of Personnel, Education, Science and Technology and Bureau of International Cooperation (Chinese: 人事教育和科技司（国际合作司）)
- (Chinese Communist) Party Committee of Direct Subordinate Institutions (Chinese: 直属机关党委)
- Group of (CCP) Discipline and Surveillance, a Delegation of the Central Committee of Discipline and Surveillance (of the Chinese Communist Party) and Bureau of Surveillance (Chinese: 中央纪委驻中国地震局纪检组（监察司）)
- Office of Welfare of Retired Personnel and Retired (CCP) Party Officials (Chinese: 离退休干部办公室)
Establishment of the CEA
As a country stricken by 2 of top 10 world's most fatal earthquakes before the creation of CEA, China's first seismic monitoring stations were set up under the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A national Office of Earthquake Matters (地震办公室)was created under joint administration of the National Science and Technology Commission (国家科学技术委员会) and Chinese Academy of Sciences after the 1966 Xingtai earthquake. A Central Task Force of Earthquakes (中央地震工作小组) under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was created the day after a M7.4 earthquake struck Bohai Bay on July 18, 1969.
In 1971, the State Council decided to create the National Earthquake Bureau (CNEB), predecessor to CEA, to replace the "Central Task Force". The State Council initially delegated administration of the CNEB to the Chinese Academy of Sciences. CNEB became directly administrated by the State Councile in 1975.
Following the recommendation from the CNEB, each province, autonomous regions and centrally administrated municipalities in PRC has established its own earthquake bureau since 1977. In 1985, these local bureaus were placed under dual leadership of the local government and the national bureau.
- "Portal of China Earthquake Administration (CEA Portal)" (in Chinese). Official CEA Web site.