Chief of Staff of the United States Army

Chief of Staff of the United States Army
CSA
Flag of the Chief of Staff of the Army
Incumbent
General Mark A. Milley

since 14 August 2015
Department of the Army
The Army Staff
Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff
Reports to Secretary of Defense
Secretary of the Army
Seat The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length 4 years
Renewable
Constituting instrument 10 U.S.C. § 3033
Precursor Commanding General of the Army
Formation 15 August 1903
First holder LTG Samuel B. M. Young
Deputy Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Website Official Website

The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 3033) held by a four-star general in the United States Army. As the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, the CSA is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Army. In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) and, thereby, a military advisor to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President of the United States. The CSA is typically the highest-ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Army unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers.

The Chief of Staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon. While the CSA does not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (which is within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CSA does exercise supervision of army units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Army.

The current Chief of Staff of the Army is General Mark A. Milley.

Responsibilities

The senior leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army (Head of the department and subordinate to the Secretary of Defense) and the Under Secretary of the Army, and two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.

The Chief of Staff reports directly to the Secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions, including presenting and enforcing army policies, plans, and projections. The CSA also directs the Inspector General of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. In addition, the CSA presides over the Army Staff and represents army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint fora.[1] Under delegation of authority made by the Secretary of the Army, the CSA designates army personnel and army resources to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands.[2] The CSA performs all other functions enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3033 under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration in his name. Like the other service counterparts, the CSA has no operational command authority over army forces, dating back to the passage of the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958. The CSA is served by a number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Army, such as G-1, Personnel. The CSA base pay is $21,147.30 per month plus Personal Money Allowance (Monthly Amount) of $333.33, basic allowance for subsistence of $253.38, basic allowance for housing from $50.70–1923.30.

The Chief of Staff of the Army is nominated by the President and must be confirmed by the Senate.[3] By statute, the CSA is appointed as a four-star general.[3]

The Chief of Staff of the Army has an official residence, Quarters 1 at Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall, Virginia.

The Chief of Staff holds an annual future study program called Unified Quest.[4][5][6]

History

Prior to 1903, the senior military officer in the army was the Commanding General, who reported to the Secretary of War. From 1864 to 1865, Major General Henry Halleck (who had previously been Commanding General) served as "Chief of Staff of the Army" under the Commanding General, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, thus serving in a different office and not as the senior officer in the army.

The first chief of staff moved his headquarters to Fort Myer in 1908.

List of Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1903–present)

The rank listed is the rank when serving in the office.

#NamePhotoTerm beganTerm endedNotes
1.LTG Samuel B. M. Young15 August 19038 January 1904Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.
2.LTG Adna Chaffee19 August 190414 January 1906Resigned position; retired in February at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.
3.LTG John C. Bates15 January 190613 April 1906Last Civil War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in April 1906 at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.
4.MG J. Franklin Bell14 April 190621 April 1910Commanded several divisions and departments after serving as Chief of Staff. Died while commanding Department of the East shortly after the end of World War I.
5.MG Leonard Wood22 April 191021 April 1914Commanded divisions and departments, including organizing and training two divisions for combat in World War I. Retired in 1921.
6.MG William W. Wotherspoon22 April 191416 November 1914Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.
7.MG Hugh L. Scott17 November 191422 September 1917Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64. Recalled to active duty for World War I; commanded a division during its organization and training before retiring again in 1919.
8.GEN Tasker H. Bliss23 September 191719 May 1918Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1917. Continued on active duty to remain Chief of Staff during World War I; served as U.S. representative on Supreme War Council and as U.S. representative during post-war Paris Peace Conference. Retired again in 1920.
9.GEN Peyton C. March20 May 191830 June 1921Retired at own request in 1921.
10.GAS John J. Pershing1 July 192113 September 1924Last Indian Wars veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired from active military service upon reaching age 64 in 1924.
11.MG John L. Hines14 September 192420 November 1926Commanded IX Corps Area and Department of the Philippines; retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1932.
12.GEN Charles P. Summerall21 November 192620 November 1930Last Spanish–American War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Placed on extended leave until reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1931.
13.GEN Douglas MacArthur21 November 19301 October 1935Supervised creation of Philippines Army. Retired in 1937, and continued to serve in the Philippines as military advisor to the president. Recalled to active duty in 1941; led defense of the Philippines during World War II, and then commanded Southwest Pacific Area. Served in post-war Japan, and led initial U.S. effort during Korean War. Relieved of command and retired from active military service in 1951.
14.GEN Malin Craig2 October 193531 August 1939Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1939; recalled to active duty for World War II as head of the War Department Personnel Board.
15.GA George C. Marshall1 September 193918 November 1945Attained mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1944, but continued to serve as Chief of Staff. Relieved from active military duties in November 1945.
16.GA Dwight D. Eisenhower19 November 19456 February 1948Relieved from active military duties in 1948. Recalled to active duty in 1951 to serve as first Supreme Allied Commander Europe. Retired in May 1952 upon becoming a candidate for President of the United States. Returned to the active rolls as a General of the Army in 1961, with no assigned duties.
17.GEN Omar Bradley7 February 194815 August 1949Resigned to become first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on 19 August 1949. Promoted to General of the Army on 22 September 1950. Relieved as CJCS on 15 August 1953.
18.GEN J. Lawton Collins16 August 194914 August 1953US Representative to NATO from 1953 to 1954. Special representative of the United States in Vietnam from 1954 to 1955. US representative to NATO from 1955 until reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1956.
19.GEN Matthew B. Ridgway15 August 195329 June 1955Last World War I veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in June 1955, declining age waiver that would have allowed him to complete full term.
20.GEN Maxwell D. Taylor30 June 195530 June 1959Retired in 1959. Recalled to active duty in 1961 to serve as Military Representative to the President. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1962 to 1964. Retired in 1964 to become United States Ambassador to South Vietnam.
21.GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer1 July 195930 September 1960Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1960 to 1962. Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, 1963 to 1969. Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1969.
22.GEN George H. Decker1 October 196030 September 1962Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1962.
23.GEN Earle G. Wheeler1 October 19622 July 1964Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1964 to 1970, including waiver to serve beyond mandatory retirement age of 60. Retired in 1970.
24.GEN Harold K. Johnson3 July 19642 July 1968Retired at end of term.
25.GEN William C. Westmoreland3 July 196830 June 1972Retired at end of term.
GEN Bruce Palmer Jr.1 July 197211 October 1972Acting Chief of Staff. Resumed duties as Vice Chief of Staff upon appointment of Creighton W. Abrams as Chief of Staff. Commander, United States Readiness Command, 1973 to 1974. Retired in 1974.
26.GEN Creighton W. Abrams12 October 19724 September 1974Died in office.
27.GEN Frederick C. Weyand3 October 197430 September 1976Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60.
28.GEN Bernard W. Rogers1 October 197621 June 1979Last World War II veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 1979 to 1987, including waiver to continue service past age 60. Retired in 1987.
29.GEN Edward C. Meyer22 June 197921 June 1983Last Korean War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.
30.GEN John A. Wickham Jr.23 July 198323 June 1987Retired at end of term.
31.GEN Carl E. Vuono23 June 198721 June 1991Retired at end of term.
32.GEN Gordon R. Sullivan21 June 199120 June 1995Retired at end of term.
33.GEN Dennis J. Reimer20 June 199521 June 1999Retired at end of term.
34.GEN Eric K. Shinseki21 June 199911 June 2003Last Vietnam War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.
35.GEN Peter J. Schoomaker1 August 200310 April 2007Retired in 2000. Recalled to active duty to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired again at end of term.
36.GEN George W. Casey Jr.10 April 200710 April 2011Retired at end of term.
37.GEN Martin E. Dempsey11 April 20117 September 2011Term shortened due to appointment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[7]
38.GEN Raymond T. Odierno7 September 201114 August 2015Retired at end of term.
39.GEN Mark A. Milley14 August 2015Incumbent

See also

References

Further reading

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