Chairel language

Native to India
Region Manipur
Era attested 1859
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog chai1254[1]

Chairel is an extinct Sal language of Manipur, India. It is preserved only in a word list from 1859.[2] Chairel speakers have since shifted to Meithei.


From the words for "sun" (sal) and "fire" (phal), it is clear that it is a Sal (Brahmaputran) language.[3]

James Matisoff (2013)[4] demonstrated that Chairel belongs to the Luish sub-branch of Sal.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chairel". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. McCulloch, W. (1859). Account of the Valley of Munnipore and of the Hill tribes with a comparative vocabulary of the Munnipore and other languages. Calcutta: Bengal Printing Company.
  3. Benedict, Paul K. (1972). Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus (PDF). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-521-08175-7.
  4. Matisoff, James A. 2013. Re-examining the genetic position of Jingpho: putting flesh on the bones of the Jingpho/Luish relationship. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 36(2). 1–106.
  • Huziwara, Keisuke 藤原敬介 (2014). "A new look at the classification of the Chairel language チャイレル語の系統再考." Proceedings of The Linguistic Society of Japan 日本言語学会第148 回大会予稿集, 148:272-277.

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