Cave of Dzhebel
location in Turkmenistan
|Location||Nebit Dag (Balkanabat)|
|Coordinates||40°2′1″N 52°58′33″E / 40.03361°N 52.97583°ECoordinates: 40°2′1″N 52°58′33″E / 40.03361°N 52.97583°E|
|Periods||Mesolithic, Neolithic and early Bronze Age|
The Cave of Dzhebel is an archeological site in the vicinity of Balkan Region Türkmenbaşy, in Soviet times known as Nebit Dag (Balkanabat), in Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf of the Caspian Sea. It contains Mesolithic, Neolithic and early Bronze Age artefacts.
According to Bernard Sergent, the lithic assemblage of the first Kurgan culture in Ukraine (Sredni Stog II), which originated from the Volga and South Urals, recalls that of the Mesolithic-Neolithic sites to the east of the Caspian sea, Dam Dam Chesme II and the cave of Dzhebel. According to Sergent, the Dzhebel material is related to a Paleolithic material of Northwestern Iran, the Zarzian culture, dated 10,000-8,500 BC, and in the more ancient Kebarian of the Near East.
- Bernard Sergent (1995), Les Indo-Européens - Histoire, langues, mythes
- V. A. Ranov and R. S. Davis (1979), Toward a New Outline of the Soviet Central Asian Paleolithic