Carmarthen (UK Parliament constituency)

Carmarthen
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Carmathenshire boundaries 1885–1918
Preserved county Dyfed
Major settlements Carmarthen, Ammanford, Llandeilo
19181997
Number of members One
Replaced by Carmarthen East & Dinefwr and Carmarthen West & South Pembrokeshire
1542–1918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Carmarthen (Welsh: Caerfyrddin) was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Wales which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom between 1542 and 1997. At its abolition in 1997 it was replaced, partly by the new Carmarthen East and Dinefwr constituency and partly by Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire.

History

Because the seat contained mining areas in the valley of the River Gwendraeth (until the 1980s), much countryside and a high proportion of Welsh speakers, it was fertile territory for the Labour Party, the Conservatives and Plaid Cymru alike. Although the Conservatives never won the seat, they came within 1200 votes of doing so in 1983.

Carmarthen is notable as the first constituency to elect a Plaid Cymru MP, Gwynfor Evans, at a 1966 by-election. Evans was later involved in one of the closest General Election results ever in February 1974, when he lost to the Labour candidate by only three votes.[1][2] The constituency also shot to fame in the following election in October 1974 as the only seat in the country to see its turnout rise on that of February 1974.

Boundaries

Until 1832, it was a borough constituency consisting of the town of Carmarthen. Between 1832 and 1918 it was a district of boroughs constituency, consisting of Carmarthen itself and Llanelli, and was sometimes called "The Carmarthen Boroughs".

In 1918, the borough was abolished, but the name was transferred to one of the divisions of the county of Carmarthenshire. The constituency was made up of the whole of the county of Carmarthenshire except for the urban area around Llanelli. Notable towns were Carmarthen itself, Ammanford and Llandeilo.

In 1997, the Boundary Commission for Wales recommended an extra seat for Dyfed.[3] This led to the seat being split two to one between Carmarthen East & Dinefwr and Carmarthen West & South Pembrokeshire.[4]

Members of Parliament

MPs 1542–1640

ParliamentMember
1542Gruffydd Williams[5]
1545Gruffydd Williams[5]
1547Thomas Phaer[5]
1553 (Mar)William Parry[5]
1553 (Oct)Gruffydd Hygons[5]
1554 (Apr)William Aubrey[5][6]
1554 (Nov)John Parry[5]
1555William Wightman[5]
1558John Vaughan[5]
1559John Parry[7]
1563John Morgan[7]
1571?John Vaughan[7]
1572Thomas Wigmore[7]
1584John Puckering, sat for Bedford
replaced 1584 by
Edward Donne Lee[7]
1586Edward Donne Lee[7]
1588Gelly Meyrick[7]
1593Sir Thomas Baskerville[7]
1597Henry Vaughan[7]
1601Walter Rice[7]
1604–1611Sir Walter Rice
1614William Thomas
1621Henry Vaughan
1624Henry Vaughan
1626Henry Vaughan
1628Henry Vaughan
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

1640–1832

ElectionMember[8]Party
1640 (Apr) Francis Lloyd Royalist
1640 (Nov) Francis Lloyd Royalist
February 1644 Lloyd disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1646 William Davies
December 1648 Davies not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Carmarthen was not represented in the Barebones Parliament
or the First or Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 David Morgan
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Arthur Annesley
1661 Hon. John Vaughan
1679 Altham Vaughan
1685 Richard Vaughan
1725 James Phillips
1727 Arthur Bevan
1741 Sir John Philipps
1747 Thomas Mathews
1751 Griffith Philipps
1761 The Earl Verney
1768 Griffith Philipps
1774 John Adams
1780 George Philipps
1784 John George Philipps
May 1796 Magens Dorrien Magens[9]
November 1796 John George Philipps
1803 Sir William Paxton
1806 Vice-Admiral George Campbell
1813 John Campbell
1821 John Jones

1832–1918: Carmarthen Boroughs

ElectionMember[8]Party
1832 Hon. William Yelverton Whig[10]
1835 David Lewis Conservative[10]
1837 David Morris Whig[10][11][12]
1859 Liberal
1864 William Morris Liberal
1868 (Sir) John Cowell-Stepney[13] Liberal
1874 Charles William Nevill Conservative
1876 (Sir) Arthur Cowell-Stepney[14] Liberal
1878 by-election Benjamin Thomas Williams Liberal
1882 by-electionJohn Jones JenkinsLiberal
1886Sir Arthur Cowell-StepneyLiberal
1892Evan Rowland JonesLiberal
1895Sir John Jones JenkinsLiberal Unionist
1900Alfred DaviesLiberal
1906W. Llewelyn WilliamsLiberal

1918–1997: county constituency

ElectionMember[8]Party
1918John HindsCoalition Liberal
1923Sir Ellis Ellis-GriffithLiberal
1924 by-electionAlfred MondLiberal
1926Conservative
1928 by-electionWilliam Nathaniel JonesLiberal
1929Daniel HopkinLabour
1931Richard Thomas EvansLiberal
1935Daniel HopkinLabour
1941 by-electionMoelwyn HughesLabour
1945Rhys Hopkin MorrisLiberal
1957 by-electionMegan Lloyd-GeorgeLabour
1966 by-electionGwynfor EvansPlaid Cymru
1970Gwynoro JonesLabour
Oct. 1974Gwynfor EvansPlaid Cymru
1979Roger ThomasLabour
1987Alan WilliamsLabour
1997 constituency abolished: see Carmarthen East & Dinefwr and
Carmarthen West & South Pembrokeshire

Elections

Elections in the 1830s

General Election 1835 Carmarthen Boroughs[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Morris 304
Conservative W.H. Yelverton 268
Majority 36 6 6
Turnout
Registered electors
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1852: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig David Morris Unopposed
Registered electors 849
Whig hold
General Election 1857: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig David Morris Unopposed
Registered electors 799
Whig hold
General Election 1859: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Morris Unopposed
Registered electors 823
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

Morris' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 31 Oct 1864: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Morris Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Morris Unopposed
Registered electors 884
Liberal hold
General Election 1868 Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Cowell-Stepney 1,892 76.1 N/A
Conservative Morgan Dalrymple Treherne[17] 595 23.9 N/A
Majority 1,297 52.2 N/A
Turnout 2,487 75.7 N/A
Registered electors 3,286
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874 Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles William Nevill 1,654 52.8 +28.9
Liberal Arthur Cowell-Stepney 1,481 47.2 28.9
Majority 173 5.5 N/A
Turnout 3,135 69.8 5.9
Registered electors 4,494
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +28.9

Nevill resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 14 Aug 1876 Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Cowell-Stepney Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative

Cowell-Stepney resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 11 May 1878 Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Benjamin Thomas Williams Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880 Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Benjamin Thomas Williams 1,935 51.5 +4.3
Independent Liberal John Jones Jenkins[18] 1,825 48.5 N/A
Majority 110 2.9 N/A
Turnout 3,760 70.0 +0.2
Registered electors 5,369
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Williams resigned after being appointed a County Court judge, causing a by-election.

By-election, 7 Jan 1882: Carmarthen Boroughs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jones Jenkins Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jones Jenkins 2,884 69.2 +17.7
Conservative John Simmons Tregoning 1,281 30.8 N/A
Majority 1,603 38.4 +35.5
Turnout 4,165 77.1 +7.1
Registered electors 5,399
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1886 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Cowell-Stepney 2,120 52.8 16.4
Liberal Unionist John Jones Jenkins 1,898 47.2 +16.4
Majority 222 5.6 32.8
Turnout 4,018 74.4 2.7
Registered electors 5,399
Liberal hold Swing 16.4

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Evan Rowland Jones 2,412 52.4 0.4
Liberal Unionist John Jones Jenkins 2,187 47.6 +0.4
Majority 225 4.8 0.8
Turnout 4,599 87.0 +12.6
Registered electors 5,289
Liberal hold Swing 0.4
General Election 1895 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Jones Jenkins 2,443 50.5 +2.9
Liberal Evan Rowland Jones 2,391 49.5 2.9
Majority 52 1.0 N/A
Turnout 4,834 90.0 +3.0
Registered electors 5,370
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.9

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Davies 2,837 58.1 +8.6
Liberal Unionist John Jones Jenkins 2,047 41.9 8.6
Majority 790 16.2 N/A
Turnout 4,884 87.9 2.1
Registered electors 5,557
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +8.6
General Election 1906 Carmarthen Boroughs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal W. Llewelyn Williams 3,902 68.3 +10.2
Conservative Vere Ponsonby 1,808 31.7 10.2
Majority 2,094 36.6 +20.4
Turnout 5,710 91.2 +3.3
Registered electors 6,258
Liberal hold Swing +10.2

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: Carmarthen Boroughs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal W. Llewelyn Williams 4,197 68.1 0.2
Liberal Unionist Viscount Tiverton 1,965 31.9 +0.2
Majority 2,232 36.2 0.4
Turnout 6,162 91.0 0.2
Registered electors 6,772
Liberal hold Swing 0.2
General Election December 1910: Carmarthen Boroughs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal W. Llewelyn Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
Carmarthen District by-election, 1912[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal W. Llewelyn Williams 3,836 58.6 N/A
Conservative Henry Coulson Bond 2,555 39.1 N/A
Independent Labour Frank G Vivian 149 2.3 N/A
Majority 1,281 19.5 N/A
Turnout 89.8 N/A
Liberal hold Swing -8.3
Carmarthen District by-election, 1915: Carmarthen Boroughs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal W. Llewelyn Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1918: Carmarthen Boroughs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal John Hinds Unopposed
Liberal hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: Carmarthen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal John Hinds 12,530 41.9 N/A
Unionist George Coventry 8,805 29.4 N/A
National Farmers' Union Daniel Johns 4,775 15.9 N/A
Liberal H. Llewelyn-Williams 3,847 12.8 N/A
Majority 3,725 12.5 N/A
Turnout 29,957 82.7 N/A
Registered electors 36,213
National Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1923: Carmarthen [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ellis Ellis-Griffith 12,988 45.1 +32.3
Unionist Alfred Stephens 8,677 30.1 +0.7
Labour Rowland Williams 7,132 24.8 N/A
Majority 4,311 15.0 N/A
Turnout 28,797 78.3 4.4
Registered electors 36,779
Liberal gain from National Liberal Swing N/A
Carmarthen by-election, 1924[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Mond 12,760 44.0 1.1
Labour Edward Teilo Owen 8,351 28.8 +4.0
Unionist Alfred Stephens 7,896 27.2 2.9
Majority 4,409 15.2 +0.2
Turnout 29,007 78.9 +0.6
Registered electors 36,779
Liberal hold Swing 2.6
General Election 1924: Carmarthen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Mond 17,281 68.5 +23.4
Labour Edward Teilo Owen 7,953 31.5 +6.7
Majority 9,328 37.0 +22.0
Turnout 25,234 67.9 10.4
Registered electors 37,155
Liberal hold Swing +8.4
Carmarthen by-election, 1928
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Nathaniel Jones 10,201 35.5 33.0
Labour Daniel Hopkin 10,154 35.4 +3.9
Unionist Courtenay Mansel 8,361 29.1 N/A
Majority 47 0.1 36.9
Turnout 28,716 76.6 +8.7
Registered electors 37,482
Liberal hold Swing 18.5
General Election 1929: Carmarthen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Daniel Hopkin 15,130 38.2 +6.7
Liberal William Nathaniel Jones 14,477 36.6 31.9
Unionist John Coventry 9,961 25.2 N/A
Majority 653 1.6 N/A
Turnout 39,568 85.8 +17.9
Registered electors 46,110
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +19.3

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Carmarthen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Evans 15,532 39.5
Labour Daniel Hopkin 14,318 36.5
Conservative Delme William Campbell Davies-Evans 9,434 24.0
Majority 1,214 3.1
Turnout 39,284 84.5
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Carmarthen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Daniel Hopkin 18,146 47.5
Liberal Richard Evans 12,911 33.8
Conservative Edward Kellett 7,177 18.8
Majority 5,235 13.7
Turnout 38,234 79.3
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1940s

Carmarthen by-election, 1941 Labour: Moelwyn Hughes elected unopposed.

General Election 1945: Carmarthen[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rhys Hopkin Morris 19,783 51.7
Labour Moelwyn Hughes 18,504 48.3
Majority 1,279 3.3
Turnout 38,286 76.1
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1950: Carmarthen:[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rhys Hopkin Morris 24,472 50.2 -1.48
Labour Lynn Ungoed-Thomas 24,285 49.8 +1.48
Majority 187 0.4 -2.96
Turnout 48,759 83.4 +7.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1951: Carmarthen[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rhys Hopkin Morris 25,632 50.46 +0.27
Labour David Owen 25,165 49.54 -0.65
Majority 467 0.92 +0.54
Turnout 5,0795 86.52 +3.09
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1955: Carmarthen[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rhys Hopkin Morris 24,410 49.49 -0.97
Labour Jack Evans 21,077 42.73 -6.81
Plaid Cymru Jennie Eirian Davies 3,835 7.78
Majority 3,333 6.76 +5.84
Turnout 49,320 85.10 -1.42
Liberal hold Swing
Carmarthen by-election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Megan Lloyd George 23,679 47.33 +4.60
Liberal John Morgan Davies 20,610 41.20 -8.29
Plaid Cymru Jennie Eirian Davies 5,741 11.48 +3.70
Majority 3,069 6.13
Turnout 43,726 87.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1959: Carmarthen[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Megan Lloyd George 23,399 47.89 +5.16
Liberal Alun Talfan Davies 16,766 34.32 -15.17
Conservative JB Evans 6,147 12.58 N/A
Plaid Cymru Hywel Heulyn Roberts 2,545 5.21 -2.57
Majority 6,633 13.58 +6.82
Turnout 48,855 85.42 +0.32
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1964: Carmarthen[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Megan Lloyd George 21,424 45.46 -2.43
Liberal Alun Talfan Davies 15,210 32.28 -2.04
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 5,495 11.66 +6.45
Conservative HE Protheroe-Beynon 4,996 10.60 -1.98
Majority 6,214 13.19 -0.39
Turnout 47,122 84.4 -0.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Carmarthen[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Megan Lloyd George 21,221 46.17 +0.71
Liberal D Hywel Davies 11,988 26.08 -6.20
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 7,416 16.14 +4.48
Conservative Simon James Day 5,338 11.61 +1.01
Majority 9,233 20.09 +6.90
Turnout 45,960 82.6 -1.9
Labour hold Swing
Carmarthen by-election, 1966
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 16,179 38.98 +22.84
Labour Gwilym Prys-Davies 13,743 33.11 -13.06
Liberal D Hywel Davies 8,650 20.84 -5.25
Conservative Simon James Day 2,934 7.09 -4.52
Majority 2,436 5.87
Turnout 41,506
Plaid Cymru gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: Carmarthen[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwynoro Jones 18,719 38.0
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 14,812 30.1
Liberal Huw Thomas 10,707 21.7
Conservative Lloyd Harvard Davies 4,975 10.1
Majority 3,907 7.9
Turnout 49,214 83.5
Labour gain from Plaid Cymru Swing
General Election February 1974: Carmarthen[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwynoro Jones 17,165 34.3
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 17,162 34.3
Liberal David Roderick Owen-Jones 9,698 19.4
Conservative Bill Newton Dunn 6,037 12.1
Majority 3 0.01%
Turnout 83.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Carmarthen[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 23,325 45.1
Labour Gwynoro Jones 19,685 38.1
Liberal David Roderick Owen-Jones 5,393 10.4
Conservative Robert Hayward 2,962 5.7
British Candidate Edward .B Jones 342 0.7
Majority 3,640 7.0
Turnout 51,704 85.6
Plaid Cymru gain from Labour Swing
General Election, 1979: Carmarthen[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roger Thomas 18,667 35.9
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 16,689 32.0
Conservative Nigel M. Thomas 12,272 23.6
Liberal Clem Thomas 4,186 8.0
National Front Charlie Grice 149 0.3
New Britain EJ Clarke 126 0.2
Majority 1,978 3.8
Turnout 52,086 84.4
Labour gain from Plaid Cymru Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General Election, 1983: Carmarthen[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roger Thomas 16,459 31.57%
Conservative Nigel M. Thomas 15,305 29.36%
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 14,099 27.05%
SDP–Liberal Alliance Joan Colin 5,737 11.01%
Ecology Brian Kingzett 374 0.72%
BNP Charlie Grice 154 0.3%
Majority 1,154 2.21%
Turnout 52,126 82.13%
Labour hold Swing
General Election, 1987: Carmarthen[36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Williams 19,128 35.37
Conservative Rod Richards 14,811 27.39
Plaid Cymru Hywel Teifi Edwards 12,457 23.03
SDP–Liberal Alliance Gwynoro Jones 7,203 13.32
Green Graham Oubridge 481 0.89
Majority 4,317 7.98
Turnout 54,080 82.88
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992: Carmarthen[38][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Williams 20,879 36.6 +1.3
Plaid Cymru Rhodri Glyn Thomas 17,957 31.5 +8.5
Conservative Stephen J. Cavenagh 12,782 22.4 −5.0
Liberal Democrat Juliana M.J. Hughes 5,353 9.4 −3.9
Majority 2,922 5.1 −2.9
Turnout 56,971 82.7 −0.1
Labour hold Swing −3.6

Notes and references

  1. BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/vote2001/results_constituencies/constituencies/128.stm. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. The BBC article quoted above says that it was the second closest General Election result since the Second World War. But the Winchester general election result of 1997 was closer.
  3. C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.12 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  4. C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.202 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  6. Watkin, Thomas Glyn (January 2008). "Aubrey, William (c.1529–1595)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition, subscription required). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  8. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
  9. On petition, Magens was found not to have been duly elected, and his opponent Phillips was seated in his place
  10. 1 2 3 Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 184. Retrieved 21 August 2018 via Google Books.
  11. Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 163. Retrieved 21 August 2018 via Google Books.
  12. "Carmarthen". Dublin Evening Post. 29 June 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 21 August 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  13. Created a baronet, 1871
  14. Succeeded to baronetcy, 1877
  15. "Editorial". Carmarthen Journal. 9 January 1835.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  17. "The Battle of the Boroughs". Carmarthen Weekly Reporter. 28 November 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 3 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  18. "The nomination for Camarthen Boroughs". The Illustrated London News. 7 Jan 1882. p. 15. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
  20. ‘MORRIS, Sir Lewis’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2015; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 23 April 2015
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (1 ed.). London: Macmillan.
  22. Etholiadau'r ganrif 18885-1997, Beti Jones
  23. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949, p551
  24. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge45/i05.htm
  25. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge50/i05.htm
  26. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge51/i05.htm
  27. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge55/i05.htm
  28. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge59/i05.htm
  29. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge64/i05.htm
  30. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge66/i05.htm
  31. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge70/i05.htm
  32. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74a/i05.htm
  33. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74b/i05.htm
  34. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge79/i05.htm
  35. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge83/i05.htm
  36. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  37. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge87/i05.htm
  38. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  39. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.

Sources

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)

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