Canada men's national soccer team
|Nickname(s)||The Canucks, Les Rouges (The Reds)|
|Association||Canadian Soccer Association|
|Head coach||John Herdman|
|Most caps||Julian de Guzman (89)|
|Top scorer||Dwayne De Rosario (22)|
BC Place, Vancouver (54,313)|
BMO Field, Toronto (30,991)
|Highest||40 (December 1996)|
|Lowest||122 (August 2014, October 2014)|
|Highest||32 (May 30, 2000)|
|Lowest||92 (May 1979, June 2014)|
(Newark, United States; November 28, 1885)
(Brisbane, Australia; June 7, 1924)
(St. Louis, United States; November 16, 1904)
(Gros Islet, St. Lucia; October 7, 2011)
(Mexico City, Mexico; July 18, 1993)
|Appearances||1 (first in 1986)|
|Best result||Group stage, 1986|
& Gold Cup
|Appearances||15 (first in 1977)|
|Best result||Champions, 1985 and 2000|
|Appearances||1 (first in 2001)|
|Best result||Group stage, 2001|
The Canada men's national soccer team (French: Équipe du Canada de soccer masculin) represents Canada in international soccer competitions at the senior men's level. They are overseen by the Canadian Soccer Association and compete in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF).
Their most significant achievements are winning the 1985 CONCACAF Championship to qualify for the 1986 FIFA World Cup and winning the 2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup to qualify for the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup. Canada is the only national team to win a Gold Cup aside from regional powerhouses Mexico and the United States. Canada also won a gold medal in the 1904 Summer Olympics. The 1986 World Cup was their only successful qualification campaign in their history.
Soccer was being played in Canada with the Dominion Football Association (1877) and Western Football Association (1880) acting as precursors to the modern-day Canadian Soccer Association. In 1885, the WFA sent a representative team to New Jersey to take on a side put forth by the American Football Association, the then-unofficial governing body of the sport in the United States. In an unofficial friendly, Canada defeated their hosts 1–0 in East Newark, New Jersey. The American team won 3–2 in a return match one year later. In 1888, a team represented the WFA in a tour of the British Isles, earning a record of nine wins, five draws, and nine losses. The squad comprised 16 Canadian-born players with the only exception being tour organizer David Forsyth, who had immigrated to Canada one year after his birth.
In 1904 Galt F.C. represented the WFA at the Olympic Games in St Louis, Missouri. As just one of three teams competing, Galt defeated two American clubs, Christian Brothers College (7–0) and St. Rose (4–0) to win the tournament. The Toronto Mail and Empire of November 18, 1904, reports that "Immediately after the game, the Galt aggregation, numbering about 50 persons, retired to the office of James W. Sullivan, chief of the Department of Physical Culture, where they received their prize. After a short talk by Mr. James E. Conlon of the Physical Culture Department, Mayor Mundy, of the City of Galt, presented each player on the winning team with a beautiful gold medal." The medals are clearly engraved with the name of the company in St. Louis that made them.
In 1905, a British team of touring amateurs nicknamed the "Pilgrims" toured Canada, with their match against Galt billed as the "championship of the world". The match was played in front of 3500 fans in Galt, now part of Cambridge, Ontario, and ended in a 3–3 draw. Earlier the Pilgrims had been beaten 2–1 by Berlin Rangers, in the city now known as Kitchener.
The Canadian national team toured Australia in 1924, playing a series of "test" friendlies against their hosts, including their first official match, a 3–2 friendly defeat to the Australian national team in Brisbane, Queensland on June 7, 1924. Canada also played Australia at the Jubilee Oval, Adelaide on Saturday July 12, 1924, and defeated them by 4 goals to 1. In 1925, Canada played their old rivals, the United States, in Montreal, winning 1–0 on Ed McLaine's goal. In a return match in November 1925 in Brooklyn, New York, Canada was defeated 1–6. One year later, Canada lost 2–6 to the Americans in the same city before playing four internationals in a 1927 tour of New Zealand.
The New Zealand tour included a total of 22 games, of which Canada won 19 with only 2 defeats. Most of the games were against local combined teams although Canada also played New Zealand in four occasions (scores: 2–2, 2–1, 0–1, 4–1).
1957 to 1986
Following the lead of British football associations, Canada withdrew from FIFA in 1928 over a dispute regarding broken time payments to amateur players. They rejoined the confederation in 1946 and took part in World Cup qualifying in the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) (a precursor to CONCACAF) for the first time in 1957, the first time they had played as a national team in 30 years. Under the guidance of head coach Don Petrie, Canada defeated the USA in Toronto 5–1 in their opening game, but lost two games in Mexico (failing to play a home game due to financial reasons) 0–2 and 0–3 before defeating the USA 3–2 in St. Louis. Mexico advanced as group winners, meaning that Canada missed out on the World Cup in 1958 in Sweden.
Canada withdrew from World Cup qualifying for 1962 and did not enter a team for 1966. They did compete in soccer however at the 1967 Pan American Games, their first time to do so in the sixth edition of the games, which they hosted in Winnipeg. Canada finished a respectable fourth place, helped somewhat by defending champion Brazil's absence.
A 0–0 draw away to Bermuda meant the Canadians, under manager Peter Dinsdale, could not advance out of the first round of qualifying for the 1970 World Cup. Dinsdale was replaced by Frank Pike. In their second participation in soccer at the Pan Am games, held in Cali, Canada did well to finish second in their opening round group (to hosts Colombia). In the final group round however, they managed only one win (over Colombia) and finished next to last.
Canada again failed at the first hurdle in qualifying for the 1974 World Cup. Under German manager Eckhard Krautzun, they finished second in a home and away qualifying group for the 1973 CONCACAF Championship (to Mexico). For the 1975 Pan Am Games, Canada, along with most of the larger Pan Am countries, sent their Olympic team, which was amateur (and senior aged), to compete. After narrowing qualifying out of the first round, the Canucks were soundly defeated by Costa Rica, Cuba, and Mexico, conceding a total of 14 goals while scoring none. At the Summer Olympics the following year, under head coach Colin Morris, Canada failed to get out of the first round, losing both of their games. This despite the brilliant play of Jimmy Douglas, who scored a wonder goal against the USSR and another goal against North Korea, Canada's only two goals for the tournament.
At the 1977 CONCACAF Championship, with both group winners and runners-up now advancing, Canada, again under head coach Krautzun, qualified as runners-up after defeating the Americans 3–0 in a neutral site one-match play-off, played in Port-au-Prince. In the championship, played in Monterrey and Mexico City, Mexico won all five of their matches with a plus 15 goals difference to win the tournament handily. Canada finished fourth.
Matters were different however at the next CONCACAF championship, in 1981, played in Tegucigalpa. Canada entered the tournament raising eyebrows by winning their qualifying group over Mexico and the States. In tournament play, the Canadians opened strongly with a 1–0 win over El Salvador, with Mike Stojanovic the goal-scorer, and a 1–1 draw with Haiti, with Stojanovic scoring again. They next lost to the hosts Honduras 1–2 and then drew with Mexico 1–1. A win in their final game against Cuba would have put them through to Spain, but they were held to a 2–2 draw, allowing El Salvador to qualify as tournament runners-up.
1981 through 1985 saw Canada develop under the guidance of English manager Tony Waiters. So close in 1981, Waiters would see the Maple Leafs through to their first World Cup finals appearance in 1985. A 1–1 away draw to Guatemala was key in allowing them to eliminate Los Chapines in the first round group. The second round was also closely contested, in part as this Canadian squad was strong defensively but had limited ability to score goals. The Canucks managed to eke out a 1–0 away win over Honduras, thanks to a George Pakos winner, hold Costa Rica scoreless in San José, and then in their final game, one they needed to draw to qualify, beat Los Catrachos a second time, 2–1 in St. John's, Newfoundland, with Pakos and Igor Vrablic the goal scorers. The victory not only secured their first World Cup finals berth, but also the crown of CONCACAF champions for the first time, although Mexico did not compete, having already qualified automatically for the World Cup as hosts.
At the 1986 FIFA World Cup, Canada impressed defensively in their first game, allowing few chances and conceding a late Jean-Pierre Papin goal to lose to France 0–1. They lost their next two matches to both Hungary and the USSR 0–2, however, to finish at the bottom of their group.
Qualification for 1990 lasted all of two matches for Canada, a home-and-away series with Guatemala, played in October 1988. The Central Americans won the first game 1–0 in Guatemala City while Canada prevailed in Vancouver 3–2. Tied on goal difference, Los Chapines advanced on away goal rule.
1990 saw Canada take part in the first North American Nations Cup, hosting the three-team tournament. Mexico and Canada sent their full squads, but the USA sent a 'B' team. Canada won the tournament after a 1–0 win over the United States on May 6 and a 2–1 win over Mexico on May 13. All three Canadian goals were scored by John Catliff, the tournament's top scorer.
Canada came close to qualifying for the World Cup again in 1994 under the guidance of a defender on the 1986 team, Bob Lenarduzzi. They entered the tournament at the second round stage and advanced as group runners-up. Canada competed strongly in the final qualifying round, drawing their first match in Tegucigalpa after a controversial penalty allowed the Hondurans to draw even, winning their next two, over El Salvador and Honduras in Vancouver, losing convincingly at Azteca Stadium, and winning 2–1 in San Salvador. They went into their final group match against Mexico, in Toronto, needing a win to win the group and thus qualify directly for the World Cup. Canada went up 1–0 on a goal credited to Alex Bunbury off a free kick, but Mexico scored twice in the second half to win, 2–1. The loss meant Canada finished second and advanced to an intercontinental play-off series where they needed to win two rounds to qualify for the USA 94 World Cup. The Reds went up against Oceania Football Confederation's champions Australia. Canada won the first leg 2–1 in Edmonton. Australia led the second leg 2–1 at the end of 90 minutes, sending the tie to extra time. There was no score in the extra 30 minutes, meaning the series was decided by a penalty shootout which Australia won 4–1 to eliminate Canada from contention. Australia went on to lose 2–1 on aggregate to Argentina, who advanced to the World Cup.
With the World Cup to be played in the US, Canada had the opportunity to play a number of high-profile squads in tune-up matches. The highlight of this set of matches—played against Morocco, Brazil, Germany, Spain, and the Netherlands all within 13 days—was Canada holding eventual World Cup champions Brazil to a 1–1 draw at Commonwealth Stadium, on a 69th-minute equalizer by Eddy Berdusco, on Canada's only real scoring chance in the game. Also memorable were accusations by Dutch players after their match of the Canadians tackling too aggressively for a friendly.
With three countries set to qualify out of CONCACAF for the 1998 World Cup, and with Canada handily winning their second round group over El Salvador, Panama, and Cuba, expectations were high for a second qualification in 12 years in the spring of 1997. The aging Canadians, however, fared miserably, losing their opening game to Mexico 0–4 and the following one to the US 0–3. At home in their next two matches to El Salvador and Jamaica they could only manage two 0–0 draws as they finished bottom of the group with 6 points from 10 games and a −15 goal difference. Having overseen two consecutive World Cup campaigns end in the side failing to qualify, Lenarduzzi stepped down in 1997 and was replaced by interim manager Bruce Twamley.
The Canadian Soccer Association turned to another German to lead the senior national team in 1998 with the signing of Holger Osieck. Success came quickly with Canada winning the CONCACAF Gold Cup in February 2000. After emerging from the first round on a coin-toss tiebreaker with invited side Republic of Korea, the Canucks scored a quarter-final upset win over Mexico. The win set the stage for an unprecedented run to the final, where Canada defeated Colombia 2–0 at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Canada swept the awards ceremony, with goalkeeper Craig Forrest winning MVP honours, Carlo Corazzin securing the Golden Boot, and Richard Hastings named Rookie of the Tournament.
Expectations were again high following the winter's result, but the campaign sputtered. A positive 1–0 away result in Havana in June was followed by a listless 0–0 home draw against Cuba. For the semi-final round two out of four teams advanced. Canada were eliminated from World Cup contention after finishing third in the semi-final round. Canada managed just one goal in 6 games while conceding 8 to finish third in the standings, well adrift of advancing sides T&T and Mexico.
Winning the Gold Cup earned Canada a place in the 2001 Confederations Cup, where the highlight was holding Brazil to a 0–0 draw. The Gold Cup victory also won them an invitation to compete in the Copa América 2001. When security concerns prompted the cancellation of the tournament, Canada disbanded their training camp. The tournament was then reinstated and held on schedule. The Canadian Soccer Association announced they would not be able to participate in the reinstated tournament.
Canada had another strong showing in the 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup, losing to the United States in the semi-finals in penalties, and then defeating South Korea in the third-place game, 2–1. There was a Gold Cup held the following year so as to hold the event in years between the World Cup and the Olympics, and Canada was eliminated in the first round on goal difference. Head coach Osieck had seen the side progress. The manager resigned in September 2003 and former player Colin Miller was put in charge as an interim.
2004 marked the beginning of 2006 World Cup qualification and a new era under the guidance of former Canadian skipper Frank Yallop. Things began brightly, with the Canadians dispatching of Belize handily in the Premilinary Round, 8–0 on aggregate, in a home-and-home series. Matters turned, however, with Canada finishing bottom in a group featuring Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras. They managed only 5 points from 6 matches and a −4 goal difference. Hard times continued under Yallop as the Canucks again went out at the first barrier in the Gold Cup, losing to both the US and Costa Rica, while defeating Cuba. The manager stayed on through 2005 into the following summer, overseeing a series a friendlies against European sides. He resigned on June 7, 2006, finishing with a win-lose record of 8–9–3.
Things turned around under interim coach Stephen Hart's guidance. Canada opened their 2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup campaign with a 2–1 win over Costa Rica. A 1–2 upset loss to upstarts Guadeloupe was followed by a 2–0 victory over Haiti, securing Canada first-place in their group. They next beat Guatemala 3–0 in their quarter-final match setting up a semi-final showdown with the host Americans. Substitute Iain Hume scored for Canada in the 76th minute to cut the USA's lead to 2–1. After the United States were reduced to ten men, Canada pressed for the equalizer but were denied when Atiba Hutchinson's stoppage-time goal was incorrectly flagged offside by linesman Ricardo Louisville and Canada was eliminated.
The team faced criticism for its poor handling of goalkeeper Greg Sutton, who suffered a concussion during a practice prior to the start of the Gold Cup. Without a doctor accompanying the team, Sutton instead saw a local physician who cleared him to practice, resulting in Sutton suffering post-concussion syndrome. Sutton was lost to his professional club Toronto FC for nearly a year.
Prior to the Gold Cup on May 18, 2007, the Canadian Soccer Association announced that former national team player Dale Mitchell would take over as head coach of the senior team after the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup. Mitchell had previously served as an assistant coach under coach Frank Yallop. Under Mitchell, Canada drew friendlies with Iceland and against Costa Rica, lost 0–2 to South Africa, had a 1–0 win over Martinique, and a 0–2 defeat to Estonia. Optimism grew, however, as Canada played well in a 2–3 loss to Brazil.
Despite defeating Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7–1 on aggregate in a second round series—they had had a bye in the first—Canada did not play at the level they had at the Gold Cup and were eliminated from qualifying for the 2010 World Cup. They conceded an equalizer shortly after scoring the opening goal in a 1–1 draw to Jamaica at BMO Field, conceded two second-half goals in quick succession in a 1–2 home loss to Honduras at Saputo Stadium, and then lost away to Mexico and Honduras. They finished last in the four-team group with just 2 points from 6 matches. On March 27, 2009, head coach Dale Mitchell was fired. The president of the Canadian Soccer Association, Dominic Maestracci, said that "the Canadian Soccer Association is committed to the future of our men's national team program. We have made this decision to move the program in a new direction." Technical director Stephen Hart was renamed as interim head coach. On December 9, 2009, Hart was named as head coach.
Stephen Hart's first competitive action as the full-time head coach was a poor showing at the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup, not managing to get out of the group stage. However, during the early stages qualifying for the 2014 World Cup, Canada topped their group in the second round but were eliminated in the third round of CONCACAF qualifying, finishing one point behind Honduras and Panama after losing 8–1 in Honduras on the final match day.
After a series of interim coaching changes following Stephen Hart's dismissal on October 12, 2012 Benito Floro replaced Colin Miller as Canada's coach on August 1, 2013. Being a coach with top-flight management experience in La Liga, he is expected to help Canada raise its competitiveness prior to 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification. In the midst of Floro's player identification and restructuring phase, the team experienced many difficulties including a 958-minute goal-scoring drought, which was finally broken by Atiba Hutchinson in a 1–1 draw with Bulgaria on May 23, 2014. Despite showing improvement with two draws in Europe, Canada continued to shed FIFA points having gone winless for nearly two years, and sank to their lowest ever FIFA ranking of 122 in August 2014. Canada ended a 16-match winless streak on September 10, 2014, defeating Jamaica 3–1 in Toronto.
Canada was drawn into the 2018 FIFA World Cup second round of qualifying against Dominica in June 2015. Canada entered the second round of 2018 World Cup qualifying against Dominica with a game at Windsor Park in Dominica which they won 2–0 with goals from Cyle Larin and a penalty converted by Russell Teibert. In the return leg at BMO Field in front of 9,749 fans they defeated Dominica 4–0 with two goals from Tosaint Ricketts and one each from Tesho Akindele and Cyle Larin.
Canada then advanced to the third round of 2018 World Cup qualifying against Belize, winning 4–1 on aggregate and advancing to the fourth round of 2018 World Cup qualifying. Canada was drawn into a group against Honduras, El Salvador and Mexico. They played their first pair of matches in the fourth round on November 13 and 17, 2015. The first match was played in Vancouver at BC Place against Honduras, resulting in a 1–0 win for Canada thanks to a deflected goal by Cyle Larin. The crowd of 20,108 set a new record for the Canadian men's team in the province of British Columbia. In their next game on November 17, away at El Salvador, Canada drew with El Salvador 0-0 as Julian De Guzman broke Canada's record for most caps for the national team with his 85th cap, passing Paul Stalteri's record of 84 caps. With this result in Canada's last game of 2015, they ended off the year conceding just three goals in their final 12 games and in 14 games overall, they ended off with a record of 6 wins, 6 draws, and 2 losses.
On March 25, 2016, in a World Cup qualifier against Mexico at BC Place Stadium in Vancouver, 54,798 people were recorded in the stadium which set a new attendance record for a Canadian national team of any sport. Ultimately, however Canada lost the game 3–0, but remained in second place in the group, keeping them in contention for World Cup qualification.
On September 6, 2016, after not being able to qualify for the fifth round of the 2018 World Cup qualifying despite a 3–1 win over El Salvador, head coach Benito Floro was sacked on September 14, ending his reign as manager of the national team.
Soccer-specific stadiums in Canada include BMO Field in Toronto (home to Toronto FC) and Saputo Stadium in Montreal (home to Montreal Impact). A 2007 FIFA report refers to BMO Field as Canada's national stadium. Canada played its 2010 World Cup qualification home games at BMO Field, Saputo Stadium, and Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton. From 2011 to September 2015, Canada played all home games at BMO Field in Toronto except for a 2013 friendly against Costa Rica at Commonwealth Stadium. In November 2015 and in 2016 Canada played their World Cup qualifying games at BC Place in Vancouver.
Schedule and recent results
Win Draw Loss
|September 2 Friendly||Canada
|19:00 EST (UTC−04:00)||Report||Stadium: BMO Field
Referee: Ricardo Montero (Costa Rica)
|March 24 Friendly||Canada
||1–0||San Pedro del Pinatar, Spain|
|16:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Ricketts
||Report||Stadium: Pinatar Arena
Referee: David Fernández Borbalán (Spain)
|September 9 Nations League Q||U.S. Virgin Islands
||v||Bradenton, United States|
|16:00 EDT (UTC-04:00)||Stadium: IMG Academy
|October 16 Nations League Q||Canada
|19:00 EDT (UTC-04:00)||Stadium: BMO Field
|John Herdman||Head coach|
|Mauro Biello||Assistant coach|
|Simon Eaddy||Goalkeeping coach|
|César Meylan||Fitness coach|
|Morgan Quarry||General manager|
Caps and goals as of March 24, 2018, after the game against New Zealand.
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|18||GK||Milan Borjan||October 23, 1987||38||0|
|1||GK||Maxime Crépeau||April 11, 1994||2||0|
|22||GK||Alessandro Busti||June 30, 2000||0||0|
|17||DF||Marcel de Jong||October 15, 1986||55||3|
|5||DF||Dejan Jaković||July 16, 1985||41||1|
|15||DF||Doneil Henry||April 20, 1993||22||0|
|3||DF||Manjrekar James||August 5, 1993||15||2|
|2||DF||Zachary Brault-Guillard||December 30, 1998||0||0|
|4||DF||Derek Cornelius||November 25, 1997||0||0|
|6||MF||Samuel Piette||November 12, 1994||38||0|
|21||MF||Jonathan Osorio||June 12, 1992||20||2|
|7||MF||Russell Teibert||December 22, 1992||20||1|
|10||MF||Junior Hoilett||June 5, 1990||17||1|
|23||MF||Tesho Akindele||March 31, 1992||14||2|
|16||MF||Scott Arfield||November 1, 1988||12||1|
|12||MF||Alphonso Davies||November 2, 2000||6||3|
|13||MF||Jay Chapman||January 1, 1994||2||1|
|8||MF||David Wotherspoon||January 16, 1990||1||0|
|14||MF||Liam Millar||September 27, 1999||1||0|
|11||FW||Tosaint Ricketts||August 6, 1987||58||16|
|9||FW||Cyle Larin||April 17, 1995||24||5|
|19||FW||Lucas Cavallini||December 28, 1992||7||0|
|20||FW||Jonathan David||January 14, 2000||0||0|
The following players have been called up within the last 12 months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Simon Thomas||April 12, 1990||8||0||v. |
|GK||Jayson Leutwiler||April 25, 1989||3||0||v. |
|DF||David Edgar||May 19, 1987||42||4||v. |
|DF||Ashtone Morgan||February 9, 1991||14||0||v. |
|DF||Michael Petrasso||July 9, 1995||9||0||v. |
|DF||Sam Adekugbe||January 16, 1995||7||0||v. |
|DF||Marcus Godinho||June 28, 1997||1||0||v. |
|DF||Adam Straith||September 11, 1990||43||0||v. |
|DF||Steven Vitória||January 11, 1987||10||1||v. |
|DF||Juan Córdova||June 25, 1995||2||0||v. |
|DF||Kwame Awuah||December 12, 1995||0||0||v. |
|DF||Milovan Kapor||August 1, 1991||0||0||v. |
|MF||Mark-Anthony Kaye||December 2, 1994||6||0||v. |
|MF||Raheem Edwards||July 17, 1995||4||0||v. |
|MF||Kris Twardek||March 8, 1997||1||0||v. |
|MF||Liam Fraser||February 13, 1998||0||0||v. |
|MF||Atiba Hutchinson||February 8, 1983||78||6||v. |
|MF||Fraser Aird||February 2, 1995||8||1||v. |
|MF||Keven Alemán||March 25, 1994||4||0||v. |
|MF||Louis Béland-Goyette||September 15, 1995||0||0||v. |
|MF||Caniggia Elva||July 14, 1996||0||0||v. |
|MF||Jordan Schweitzer||April 19, 1994||0||0||v. |
|FW||Anthony Jackson-Hamel||August 3, 1993||9||3||v. |
- PRE = Preliminary squad
Most capped and top scorers
Caps and goals updated as of March 24, 2018. Bold notes player is still active with the national team.
FIFA World Cup
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup|
|Did not enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|Did not qualify||4||2||0||2||8||8|
|Did not enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|Did not qualify||4||2||1||1||8||3|
|Group stage||24th of 24||3||0||0||3||0||5||8||5||3||0||11||4|
|Did not qualify||2||1||0||1||3||3|
|To be determined||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|To be determined|
- FIFA has yet to decide whether the 2026 tournament co-hosts will qualify automatically or not.
CONCACAF Gold Cup
|CONCACAF Gold Cup Record|
|Did not enter|
|Did not qualify|
|Fourth place||4th of 6||5||2||1||2||7||8|
|Fourth place||4th of 6||5||1||3||1||6||6|
|1985||Champions||1st of 9||4||2||2||0||4||2|
|1989||Did not qualify|
|Group stage||6th of 8||3||1||0||2||6||9|
|Group stage||6th of 8||3||0||2||1||3||11|
|Group stage||5th of 9||2||1||0||1||4||5|
|Champions||1st of 12||5||3||2||0||7||3|
|Third place||3rd of 12||5||2||2||1||5||4|
|Group stage||9th of 12||2||1||0||1||1||2|
|Group stage||9th of 12||3||1||0||2||2||4|
|Semi-finals||3rd of 12||5||3||0||2||9||5|
|Quarter-finals||5th of 12||4||2||1||1||4||3|
|Group stage||9th of 12||3||1||1||1||2||3|
|Group stage||11th of 12||3||0||1||2||0||3|
|Group stage||10th of 12||3||0||2||1||0||1|
|Quarter-finals||6th of 12||4||1||2||1||6||5|
FIFA Confederations Cup
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|Did not qualify|
|Withdrew from 1998 CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|Group stage||7th of 8||3||0||1||2||0||5||Squad|
|Did not qualify|
|Summer Olympics record|
|Did not enter|
|Gold medal||1st of 3||2||2||0||0||11||0|
|Did not enter|
|Did not qualify|
|Group stage||12th of 13||2||0||0||2||2||5|
|Did not qualify|
|Quarter-finals||6th of 16||3||1||1||1||4||3|
|Did not qualify|
|Bruce Wilson (interim)||1985||1985|
|Bruce Twamley (interim)||1998||1998|
|Colin Miller (interim)||Fall 2003||Fall 2003|
|Frank Yallop||2004||June 2006|
|Stephen Hart (interim)||July 2006||June 2007|
|Dale Mitchell||June 2007||March 2009|
|Stephen Hart (interim)||April 2009||December 2009|
|Stephen Hart||December 2009||October 2012|
|Colin Miller (interim)||January 2013||January 2013|
|Tony Fonseca (interim)||March 2013||March 2013|
|Colin Miller (interim)||May 2013||July 2013|
|Benito Floro||August 2013||September 2016|
|Michael Findlay (interim)||September 2016||March 2017|
|Octavio Zambrano||March 2017||January 2018|
|John Herdman||January 2018|
- "About Us | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer from 1983 to 1986 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer from 1999 to 2002 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Finch, Ty (July 3, 2017). "List of Gold Cup winners". FanSided. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
- "St Louis 1904 football men - Olympic Football". www.olympic.org. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- FIFA.com. "Canada - Association Information - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "1876-1912 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "USA v Canada, November 28, 1885". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "USA v Canada, November 25, 1886". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canadian Soccer History-Canada in Gt Britain 1888". www.canadiansoccerhistory.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "CanadaSoccer.com - Official Site of the Canadian Soccer Association". archive.org. Archived from the original on November 21, 2007.
- Crawford, Colin. "Galt Football Club - 1904". www.thesoccerhalloffame.ca. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canadian Soccer History-Great Teams Galt FC 1904". www.canadiansoccerhistory.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canadian Soccer History-Pilgrims Tour 1905". www.canadiansoccerhistory.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Galt wins Olympic Gold! | The Cambridge Citizen". cambridgecitizen.ca. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "1924-06-07 - Canada vs Australia". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "The Register". INTERNATIONAL SOCCER. Canada Defeats Australia. July 14, 1924. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
- "Canada v USA, June 27, 1925". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "USA v Canada, November 8, 1925". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "USA v Canada, November 6, 1926". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- New Zealand tour 1927
- Murray, Scott (October 16, 2009). "The Joy of Six: Great teams that missed out on the World Cup". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer from 1955 to 1958 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer from 1959 to 1970 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "[1968-10] FIFA World Cup Qualifiers". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "[1972-08] FIFA World Cup™ Qualifiers". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Panamerican Games 1975 - Match Details". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Games of the XXI. Olympiad - Football Tournament". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Jimmy Douglas (CAN)". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "1976-12-22 - Canada vs USA". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "VII. CONCACAF Nations Cup 1977". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "1981-11-02 - Canada vs El Salvador". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Guatemala v Canada, May 5, 1985". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Honduras v Canada, August 25, 1985". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Costa Rica v Canada, September 1, 1985". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Canada v Honduras, September 14, 1985". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Canada cracks the World Cup". CBC Sports. May 30, 1986. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
- "World Cup 1986 qualifications". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- FIFA.com. "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Canada-France - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- FIFA.com. "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Hungary-Canada - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- FIFA.com. "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Soviet Union-Canada - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- FIFA.com. "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Groups - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Guatemala v Canada, October 9, 1988". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Canada v Guatemala, October 15, 1988". 11v11.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- "Canada Soccer from 1987 to 1990 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "North American Championship 1990 (Canada)". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Harvey, Randy (June 28, 1991). "CONCACAF Is Alive and Kicking : Soccer: The sport's weakest region, making noises, starts its own tournament tonight". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Bob Lenarduzzi (CAN)". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer from 1991 to 1994 | Canada Soccer". www.canadasoccer.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Squizzato, Daniel (October 13, 2013). "CanMNT: Australia friendly recalls anniversary of Canada's near-miss on 1994 World Cup berth". Major League Soccer. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Cart, Julie (May 10, 1993). "Victory Over Canada Sends Mexico Back to World Cup". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "1993-07-31 - Canada vs Australia". canadasoccer.com. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Esamie, Thomas. "Australia 2 - Canada 1". www.ozfootball.net. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "WC Qualifiers Play-offs 1993 - Replays". worldfootball.net. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Molinaro, John (November 19, 2013). "Forrest on Canada's historic draw with Brazil". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- Timmons, Lucas (June 5, 2014). "Memories from Canada 1 – Brazil 1". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- "1998 FIFA World Cup France Qualifiers North, Central America and Caribbean". FIFA.com. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- "Holger Osieck neuer Nationaltrainer Kanadas". Kicker Online (in German). September 30, 1998. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- Desai, Devang (December 16, 2014). "Remembering Canada's Gold Cup triumph in 2000". Toronto FC. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- Deshaies, Antoine. "La Coupe oubliée". ICI Radio-Canada.ca (in French). Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- Fletcher, Duncan (February 27, 2012). "Canadian football history. 2000 Gold Cup final. "Canada! 2000 Gold Cup champions! How does that sound?"". Waking The Red. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- "CONCACAF Gold Cup award". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Stokkermans, Karel (July 17, 2014). "World Cup 2002 Qualifying". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- Molinaro, John F. (May 28, 2009). "Canada took on the world at 2001 Confederations Cup". CBC Sports. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- "Honduras to replace Argentina in Copa America". The Guardian. July 11, 2001. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- Lea, Greg (November 10, 2016). "The Copa América of 2001 was an eventful tournament like few others in history". These Football Times. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- "Copa America 2001". Usatoday.com. July 30, 2001. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- "CANOE - SLAM! Sports - Soccer - MLS Toronto FC: Mo's loans were costly". Slam.canoe.ca. September 5, 2007. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "Mitchell out as Canadian men's soccer coach". CBC Sports. March 27, 2009. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
- "Canadian Soccer Association announces Benito Floro as new men's national team head coach". Canada Soccer. July 5, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "Canadian men end 16-game winless soccer streak with 3-1 win over Jamaica". Edmonton Journal. September 10, 2014. Archived from the original on September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- "Canada enters 2018 World Cup qualifying in June against British Virgin Islands or Dominica". MLSSoccer.com. January 15, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "Canada in search of goals, wins at Gold Cup - Sportsnet.ca". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- "Canada MNT grabs three big point at home". canadasoccer.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "El Salvador 0 - 0 Canada Match report - 11/17/15 WC Qualification CONCACAF - Goal.com". www.goal.com. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- "Canada still in second after falling 3-0 to Mexico in front of over 54,000 at BC Place". www.whitecapsfc.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "Benito Floro out as head coach of Canada men's national team". www.mlssoccer.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "Canada: Development Activities". FIFA. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "Full Schedule & Results". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Full Schedule & Results". Canada Soccer. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Canada Soccer". Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "El Salvador vs. Canada Soccerway". Soccerway. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- "[2018-03] Men's international camp in Spain". Canada Soccer. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
- "Canada Soccer announces squad for Concacaf Nations League Qualifying". Canada Soccer. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Canada wins vote to co-host 2026 FIFA World Cup with U.S. and Mexico - Sportsnet.ca". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canada national football team.|
- Canadian Soccer Association
- RSSSF archive of most capped players and highest goalscorers
- International Results until 1999
- Canada Soccer Records & Results
| CONCACAF Champions
1985 (first title)
1989 Costa Rica
| CONCACAF Champions
2000 (second title)
2002 United States
| North American Champions
1990 (first title)