Canada men's national ice hockey team
The Maple Leaf has always appeared on the uniform since 1920.
|General Manager||Martin Brodeur|
|Head coach||Bill Peters|
|Most games||Brad Schlegel (304)|
|Top scorer||Brad Schlegel|
|Most points||Cliff Ronning (156)|
Red, black, white|
|Highest IIHF||1 (first in 2003)|
|Lowest IIHF||5 (first in 2012)|
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
|IIHF World Championships|
|Appearances||71 (first in 1920)|
|World Cup / Canada Cup|
|Appearances||8 (first in 1976)|
|Appearances||22 (first in 1920)|
The Canadian national men's ice hockey team (popularly known as Team Canada; French: Équipe Canada) is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia. The nickname "Team Canada" was first used for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since.
Canada is the leading national ice hockey team in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most in the world), including three of the last five: Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are 26-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 and 2016 World Cup of Hockey. Canada is a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Sweden and the United States.
Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game. Canada was first represented internationally at the 1910 European Championships by the Oxford Canadians, a team of Canadians from the University of Oxford. They represented Canada again at the 1912 World Championships.
From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics.
Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 World Championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic Gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.
Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team program was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the World Championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.
In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988. Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.
After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015 and 2016. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games. At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.
Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988, the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984 and the first to do both with a full NHL participation. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled. Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.
Led by general manager Jim Nill, head coach Todd McLellan, and the late addition of captain Sidney Crosby, Canada won the 2015 IIHF World Championship in dominating fashion over Russia, their first win at the Worlds since 2007. By winning all 10 of their games in regulation, Hockey Canada was awarded a 1 million Swiss franc bonus prize in the first year of its existence. Canada scored 66 goals in their 10 games and had the top three scorers of the tournament: Jason Spezza, Jordan Eberle and Taylor Hall. Tyler Seguin also led the championship with nine goals. The win secured Canada’s return to number one on the IIHF world rankings for the first time since 2010.
List of teams representing Canada from 1920 to 1963
|1928||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1930||Chamonix, France; Berlin, Germany; Vienna, Austria||Gold|
|1932||Lake Placid, US||Gold|
|1937||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|1939||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||Gold|
|World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.|
|Canada did not participate in 1947.|
|1948||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1950||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|Canada did not participate in 1953.|
|1955||Krefeld / Dortmund / Cologne, West Germany||Gold|
|1956||Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy||Bronze|
|Canada did not participate in 1957.|
|1959||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||Gold|
|1960||Squaw Valley, US||Silver|
|1961||Geneva / Lausanne, Switzerland||Gold|
|1962||Colorado Springs / Denver, US||Silver|
|1963||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1964||Innsbruck, Austria||4th place|
|1965||Tampere, Finland||4th place|
|1969||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970–1976.|
|1977||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1979||Moscow, Soviet Union||4th place|
|1981||Gothenburg / Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1982||Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Bronze|
|1983||Düsseldorf / Dortmund / Munich, West Germany||Bronze|
|1986||Moscow, Soviet Union||Bronze|
|1987||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1989||Stockholm / Södertälje, Sweden||Silver|
|1990||Bern / Fribourg, Switzerland||4th place|
|1991||Turku / Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Silver|
|1992||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||8th place|
|1993||Dortmund / Munich, Germany||4th place|
|1994||Bolzano / Canazei / Milan, Italy||Gold|
|1995||Stockholm / Gävle, Sweden||Bronze|
|1997||Helsinki / Turku / Tampere, Finland||Gold|
|1998||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||6th place|
|1999||Oslo / Lillehammer / Hamar, Norway||4th place|
|2000||Saint Petersburg, Russia||4th place|
|2001||Cologne / Hanover / Nuremberg, Germany||5th place|
|2002||Gothenburg / Karlstad / Jönköping, Sweden||6th place|
|2003||Helsinki / Tampere / Turku, Finland||Gold|
|2004||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
|2005||Innsbruck / Vienna, Austria||Silver|
|2006||Riga, Latvia||4th place|
|2007||Moscow / Mytishchi, Russia||Gold|
|2008||Quebec City / Halifax, Canada||Silver|
|2009||Bern / Kloten, Switzerland||Silver|
|2010||Cologne / Mannheim / Gelsenkirchen, Germany||7th place|
|2011||Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia||5th place|
|2012||Helsinki, Finland / Stockholm, Sweden||5th place|
|2013||Stockholm, Sweden / Helsinki, Finland||5th place|
|2014||Minsk, Belarus||5th place|
|2015||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
|2016||Moscow / Saint Petersburg, Russia||Gold|
|2017||Cologne, Germany / Paris, France||Silver|
|2018||Copenhagen / Herning, Denmark||4th place|
World Cup of Hockey
In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the AHL. Team Canada has won a total of 15 Spengler Cups, which is tied with the host team HC Davos for the most titles.
|Winner||1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017|
|Runners-up||1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010|
|Third Place||1989, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009|
Roster for the 2018 IIHF World Championship.
Head coach: Bill Peters
|1||G||Michael DiPietro||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||91 kg (201 lb)||September 6, 1999|
|3||D||Joel Edmundson||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||98 kg (216 lb)||June 28, 1993|
|5||D||Aaron Ekblad||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||98 kg (216 lb)||February 7, 1996|
|6||D||Ryan Pulock||1.89 m (6 ft 2 in)||98 kg (216 lb)||October 6, 1994|
|7||F||Jordan Eberle||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)||85 kg (187 lb)||May 15, 1990|
|8||F||Kyle Turris||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||August 14, 1989 (aged 28)|
|10||F||Brayden Schenn – A||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||August 22, 1991|
|11||F||Jean-Gabriel Pageau||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||84 kg (185 lb)||November 11, 1992|
|12||F||Josh Bailey||1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)||92 kg (203 lb)||October 2, 1989|
|13||F||Mathew Barzal||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||May 26, 1997|
|17||F||Jaden Schwartz||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||87 kg (192 lb)||June 25, 1992|
|18||F||Pierre-Luc Dubois||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||94 kg (207 lb)||June 24, 1998|
|21||F||Tyson Jost||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||March 17, 1998|
|25||D||Darnell Nurse||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||101 kg (223 lb)||February 4, 1995|
|27||D||Ryan Murray||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||93 kg (205 lb)||September 27, 1993|
|30||G||Curtis McElhinney||1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)||91 kg (201 lb)||May 23, 1983|
|35||G||Darcy Kuemper||1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)||97 kg (214 lb)||May 5, 1990|
|44||D||Marc-Edouard Vlasic||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||93 kg (205 lb)||March 30, 1987|
|52||D||Thomas Chabot||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||January 30, 1997|
|53||F||Bo Horvat||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||101 kg (223 lb)||May 4, 1995|
|55||D||Colton Parayko||1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)||97 kg (214 lb)||May 12, 1993|
|72||F||Anthony Beauvillier||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||81 kg (179 lb)||June 8, 1997|
|90||F||Ryan O'Reilly – A||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||96 kg (212 lb)||February 7, 1991|
|93||F||Ryan Nugent-Hopkins||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||84 kg (185 lb)||April 12, 1993|
|97||F||Connor McDavid – C||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||85 kg (187 lb)||January 13, 1997|
List of coaches of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.
- Gordon Sigurjonson, 1920
- Frank Rankin, 1924
- Conn Smythe, 1928
- Jack Hughes, 1932
- Al Pudas, 1936
- Sgt. Frank Boucher, 1948
- Louis Holmes, 1952
- Bobby Bauer, 1956, 1960
- Father David Bauer, 1964
- Jackie McLeod, 1968
- Lorne Davis, Clare Drake, Tom Watt (co-coaches), 1980
- Dave King, 1984, 1988, 1992
- Tom Renney, 1994
- Marc Crawford, 1998
- Pat Quinn, 2002, 2006
- Mike Babcock, 2010, 2014
- Willie Desjardins, 2018
- Summit Series, Canada Cup, World Cup
- World Championships
- Les Allen, 1930
- Blake Wilson, 1931
- Harold Ballard, 1933
- Johnny Walker, 1934
- Scotty Oliver, 1935
- John Achtzener, 1937
- Max Silverman, 1938
- Elmer Piper, 1939
- Max Silverman, 1949
- Jimmy Graham, 1950
- Dick Gray, 1951
- Greg Currie, 1954
- Grant Warwick, 1955
- Sid Smith, 1958
- Ike Hildebrand, 1959
- Lloyd Roubell, 1961, 1962
- Bobby Kromm, 1963
- Gordon Simpson, 1965
- Jackie McLeod, 1966, 1967, 1969
- Johnny Wilson, 1977
- Harry Howell, 1978
- Marshall Johnston, 1979
- Don Cherry, 1981
- Red Berenson, 1982
- Dave King, 1983
- Doug Carpenter, 1985
- Pat Quinn, 1986
- Dave King, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992
- Mike Keenan, 1993
- George Kingston, 1994
- Tom Renney, 1995, 1996
- Andy Murray, 1997, 1998
- Mike Johnston, 1999
- Tom Renney, 2000
- Wayne Fleming, 2001, 2002
- Andy Murray, 2003
- Mike Babcock, 2004
- Marc Habscheid, 2005, 2006
- Andy Murray, 2007
- Ken Hitchcock, 2008
- Lindy Ruff, 2009
- Craig MacTavish, 2010
- Ken Hitchcock, 2011
- Brent Sutter, 2012
- Lindy Ruff, 2013
- Dave Tippett, 2014
- Todd McLellan, 2015
- Bill Peters, 2016
- Jon Cooper, 2017
- Bill Peters, 2018
- "A century of Jerseys". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
- "Hockey Canada Logo Guidelines" (PDF). HockeyCanada.ca. Hockey Canada. March 27, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
- Hockey Canada
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- Monsebraaten, Laurie (October 15, 1986). "Players in NHL are now eligible in the Olympics". Toronto Star.
- "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics". BBC Sport. February 28, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Sochi hockey squad one of the greatest Canada has ever iced". Toronto Sun. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "Steve Yzerman steps down as GM after Team Canada wins gold". Sports Illustrated. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "Will Canada hit jackpot?". IIHF. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Canada wins first hockey worlds gold since 2007". ESPN. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
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- Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
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- Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
- Elliott, Helene (February 28, 2010). "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Hockey Canada
- 2018 IIHF World Championship roster
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4.
- Wallechinsky, David (2002). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics (2002 ed.). New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-185-1.
- Meltzer, Bill NHL.com article on 2007 IIHF World Championship gold medal. Retrieved 2008-03-25.